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yaṃ

Cite this page as:"yaṃ". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?F_B_yaṃ (accessed 21 Jun. 2024).
 
Meaning:“to go”
Word class:verb
Language:TB
Equivalent in TA:i-
Lexeme variants:yaṃ; yan
 
Person:third
Number:singular
Tense/Mood:present
Root character:non-a-character
Internal root vowel:vowel-schwa
Stem:present
Stem class:1-2
Valency:intransitive
Voice:active

Paradigm

sg.actpl.actdu.actsg.midpl.middu.mid
1yaim, yam, yam-cyeyem, ynem, ynem-ne
2yait, yatyaicer, yacer
3yey, yai, yey-ne, yaṃ, yaṃ-ne, yan-meyeyeṃ, yeye-ñ, yneṃ, yneṃ-ne

Lexeme family

Occurrences

yan

1PK NS 14 b2b2 pte dadāti yo yan tad u – ///
2SI B 117 a4no ñak(e) kälpāsträ 40-6 yan tu vijñā praśaṃsanti •
3THT 16 a4weṣṣeñca wnolme ; nraine yan no ; kuse ///
4THT 90 b6te sne ṣpinnau yan nai
5THT 3603.c a4/// a4 /// no yan /// a5 /// ·ā

yaṃ

1G-Qa 1 a3pāñikti tākoym taiseṃ akesont yaṃ – ·i a4 kempa
2IOL Toch 9 b2/// – meṃ iścemne yaṃ ma rano ṣotri
3IOL Toch 9 b3b3 /// (ta)pākine särwanāmeṃ yaṃ lkāträ • /// b4
4IOL Toch 9 b5mai temeṃ ksa āläṃ yaṃ cwi seme /// b6
5IOL Toch 16 a4(tpa)a4rṣkäṃñene • yāti • yaṃ • /// a5
6IOL Toch 23 a8(ta)lānta arṣāklaṃ īme śeś(ś)amu yaṃ – /// b1
7IOL Toch 56 a3mtä ntso • yaṃ kl·au… /// a4
8IOL Toch 124 a2traṅko kättaṅkäṃ /// (ytā)a2ri yaṃ postaṃñe rano kuṣaimeṃ kwaṣai
9IOL Toch 124 a3/// a3 plākisa ytāri yaṃ postaṃñe rano – ///
10IOL Toch 171 b1/// b1 /// (i)tauñene yaṃ : ॥ – kne
11IOL Toch 171 b2n· – – ·ai itauñene yaṃ /// b3 /// …tsä
12IOL Toch 190 a5ksa alyek camelne yaṃ kuse /// a6 tumeṃ
13IOL Toch 246 a1lykaṃ wārṣeṃmpa plākisa ytāri yaṃ pāyti 70-1 se ṣamāne
14IOL Toch 246 b3yaka yaṣisa lānte kercyenne yaṃ parna tu-yknesa ṣärmameṃ pāyti
15IOL Toch 505 a3a3 /// (papātka)rmeṃ yaṃs(a) /// b1
16IOL Toch 557 a1a1 /// – ka yaṃ k· – /// a2
17Or 15009.392 a1 a1 /// – yaṃ navakānāṃ atha vā ayaṃ
18PK AS 7D a3(cwi) (lakle) ; (ompostäṃ) (yaṃ) (cmelane) (:) (yāmorṣṣe) cākkär
19PK AS 7L a2(wāyatsi) (śman-ne) ; (katkemane) (yaṃ) (cau)a3mpa ; kaunne postaṃñe
20PK AS 7N a2c(p)i a2 karttse were yaṃ kektseñmeṃ cpi yolo
21PK AS 7N a2cpi papāṣṣorñeṣe were kartts«e» ya(ṃ) a3 cañcarona larona wäntarwampa
22PK AS 7N b7wāyatsi śman-ne ; katkemane yaṃ caumpa ; kau(nne) (postaṃñe)
23PK AS 8B a3su walke nkelyñene yaṃ 10-5 ॥ purvvaṣātn(e) pällyīyeṣṣe
24PK AS 8B a6ṣu= kau«ṃ» epikte nkelñene yaṃ «24» ॥ aśviṇine ṣalype
25PK AS 8C b5lu«†ṣ»p«ṣ»ale ate ra tsa yaṃ lkā«ṃ»-ne ksa 10
26PK AS 17A a1r(a) ; sruketär ; yaṃ nketsiś ra : ṣlyiye
27PK AS 17J a5tumeṃ suppria5ye nauntaintsa yaṃtumeṃ u rīṣṣi
28PK AS 18B b2ṣamāne plākisa aśiyanampa ytāri yaṃ postäṃñe rano b3 kuṣaiymeṃ
29PK Bois A44 a2rra a2 /// – – yaṃpiś
30PK Bois B2 a3kuce atakkeparra yaṃ cenmpa śā (mna)
31PK Bois B8 a4yotkolau ṣaa4māneparra yaṃ caumpa kapyāri wi b1
32PK Bois B20 a3wiśikke • senea3metre par(r)a (y)aṃ (c)e(u)m(p)a śāmna trey
33PK Bois B21 a4·āś ·e ·e par(r)a yaṃ
34PK Bois B24 a2warṣaññe – mn·r· parra yaṃ a3 cewämpa śāmna piś
35PK Bois B29 a1 a1 lyiśke parra yaṃcaump(a) ·r· –
36PK Bois B34 a2k·nts· mäpt· p(a)rr(a) a2 yaṃ cewämpa śāmna trai kerccaa3ppaṃ
37PK Bois B36 a1tt· k· • parra ya(ṃ) caumna śāa2mna wi
38PK Bois B42 a4– – – a4 /// parra yaṃ – – –
39PK Bois B50 a1a1 stikupte • parra ya(ṃ) • – /// (śā)a2(m)na
40PK Bois B104 a2pyā(m) /// a2yaṃ cew(ä)mpa klaina /// a3
41PK NS 58 b1cimpa w(at) (ya)m yaṃ ce wänta (re) b2
42PK NS 65 a1nta r(e)tk(e) lkātsi yaṃ pāyti /// a2 ///
43PK NS 100 a6·i ·e – – – – – – – ·ī yaṃ – /// b1 b2
44PK NS 109 b1; wer(e) tañ ; yaṃ kälym(i)ntsa ; kärtseṣṣe :
45PK réserve 1517 B 3.1 a3kuce kaṣake pua3ttamitre parra yaṃcaumpa śāmna ia4käṃ
46THT 23 a3pudñäkti : tāsa su yaṃ ; ñäkcye śaiṣṣeś ;
47THT 23 a4āyor aiṣṣeñca ; yaṃ ñäk;cye śaiṣṣene : a5
48THT 25 a7 nw ayu-ne mäkte yaṃ /// a8 ///
49THT 31 b2: kattākeṃ ksa ; yaṃ lkātsi ṣek b3 ṣek
50THT 31 b5alyeṅkäṃ ; appamāt ; yaṃ postäṃ nraintane 40-3 ṣeṃ
51THT 32 a5wrocceṃ : kattākeṃ ksa yaṃ lkātsi ṣek;-ṣek tārkaṃ spelke
52THT 32 b2alyaik kekm(o)ṣ (ñ)yāts(e)ne ceṃ yaṃ – – – b3 /// no
53THT 41 a4no u sa;tāṣlñene ; yaṃ ṣaṣälne 10-1 aiśamñe ten;tse
54THT 41 b3eneṅka ; yopäṃ-ne ; yaṃ tw ompostäṃ : īm-aiśamñes=
55THT 41 b3īm-aiśamñes= ; ompostäṃ ; yaṃ su yente : korne
56THT 50 b7/// b7 /// moṃ yaṃ lkātsi amāṃ kle ///
57THT 90 a1/// tatwāṅkau tapovaṃ varttoś ya(ṃ) a2 ///
58THT 118 b1w(e)k tärkänaṃ ñätke kārāś yaṃ (•) käskau saima ///
59THT 119 b4ore ra ṣe āken-ne yaṃ i /// (a)b5ntarābhavn(e) 20-3
60THT 122 a6/// a6 /// ymässu yaṃ ypaunane yo /// a7
61THT 127 b5; källātsiwetane yaṃ ; snai yepe ;
62THT 158 b3/// b3 /// läktsauña yaṃ alyek – kne te
63THT 185 b1/// ·my· bhūmimeṃ vairāk yaṃñormye bhūmi ///
64THT 185 b2/// ·k· ts· śpalmañesa yaṃ tusa – /// b3
65THT 195 b6/// b6 /// no yaṃśaiṣṣe se
66THT 198 a1·(tä)r yñakteṃ yaṃ • tatrānyatra vā dvīpe
67THT 240 a5tar • 20 attai yaṃ ñke śaiṣṣentse īme pälsko
68THT 251 b4b4 vā svairī • yaṃ ma(kte) (tane) mäkte āñme
69THT 257 a3; kauc ka ost yaṃ su ; säswāts säs·ā
70THT 292 a5ś· /// a5 /// yaṃ ṅkelñene attsaik ka ṣp
71THT 306 a3yānti • yayātau wertsiyai yaṃ • /// a4 ///
72THT 330 a5tu /// a5 ri yaṃwaṣik kälpaṣṣukiṃ yoñiyai
73THT 330 a5ṣparkäṣṣukiṃ käryorccempa watyaṃ pāyti kättaṅkäṃ • enestaine
74THT 330 b1• steyasaṃ /// b1 yaṃ pāyti • ywārtstsa krośne
75THT 331 b4 yalle steyaṃ träṅkossu mäsketär • tanāpates
76THT 345 b2jambudvipäṣṣai ortstsai kentsa yaṃ ritatär kälp· ///
77THT 356.a a4/// yamai yente ·e yaṃ /// a5 /// …ntsa
78THT 381 b1/// ñäkte ko ytāri yaṃ /// b2 /// lyeṃts
79THT 506 b1/// ·s· ṣṣeñca – – yaṃṣpä nandake ///
80THT 521 a2(cwi) (lakle) ; (ompos)tä(ṃ) yaṃ ; cmelane : yāmorṣe
81THT 547 b5• śrā /// /// yaṃ an(ayo) (•) se tainaisi
82THT 551 a1• asmin deśe so yaṃ deśo bahutiṣṭhaṃ • (ba)
83THT 1170.e b6wärpamai b6 /// – yaṃ k· ś·a
84THT 1202.a1 b2/// b2 /// ce yaṃ – /// b3 ///
85THT 1338.e a1 a1 ·tu yaṃ kn· /// b1 ///
86THT 1340.g a2– kus· w· lo yaṃ ñä – /// a3
87THT 1355 b3– /// b3 papātkarmeṃ yaṃsa vai bhikṣu
88THT 1362.a b4b4 /// to hya yaṃ loka : /// b5
89THT 1423.f a4/// a4 /// – yaṃ – l·o – ///
90THT 1427 b4/// – s pärketrä yaṃ ne n·e ku 10-3
91THT 1432.q b3/// – mo – yaṃ ///
92THT 1459 b2(ṣamāne) (aśiyanampa) p(l)ākisa ytāri yaṃ parna laute(meṃ) /// b3
93THT 1517 a4a4 /// – ka yaṃ ścīre śau l·o onol·eṃ
94THT 1543.g b3b3 /// nte kercciyenne y(aṃ) /// (mā) b4 ///
95THT 1563.d b2– /// b2 /// yaṃ atyu – /// b3
96THT 1563.l b2b2 /// – lträṃ yaṃ /// b3 /// –
97THT 1563.t b1b1 /// – wa yaṃ c· t· /// b2
98THT 1632.b a1 a1 /// lu yaṃ /// b1 /// – –
99THT 1656 b1m·· /// b1 /// yaṃ p· kt· /// b2
100THT 1682 a3a3 /// ta yu yaṃ – /// b1 ///
101THT 1686 a4a4 /// – k· yaṃ akā /// a5 ///
102THT 2065 b1/// kuy· lmaṃ tmac yaṃ /// b2 /// l·i
103THT 2344 a1ce wa tä skā yaṃ kautsi • s·a ·i
104THT 2372.b a2/// a2 /// sä yaṃ re /// b1 ///
105THT 2374.ff b1c·e /// b1 /// yaṃ sa /// b2 ///
106THT 2374.i a2a2 /// – na yaṃ ti – /// b1
107THT 2374.k a2·v· – nu ṣyā yaṃ – /// a3 ///
108THT 2553 b1– /// b1 /// yaṃ spärkoṣ /// b2 ///
109THT 2651 b1– ru npa nti yaṃ – /// b2 ///
110THT 3020 a1/// ·ä kna saṃ yaṃ – /// a2 ///
111THT 3042 b1/// ·y· k· m· yaṃrṣāke – ///
112THT 3145 a1xa1x – – r· ne yaṃ – – a2 /// ॥
113THT 3147.gg a2/// a2 /// – yaṃ ca • /// a3
114THT 3161 b5·e /// b5 /// yaṃ śle – ///
115THT 3175.d a2/// a2 /// – yaṃ n· /// a3 ///
116THT 3180.h a1 a1 /// yaṃ – /// b1 ///
117THT 3268 a4ceu ikaṃ a4 /// yaṃ vī kṣya • b1
118THT 3284 b3 /// b3 /// yaṃ aurtsñe ne nai y·e
119THT 3309 b2/// b2 /// k·au yaṃ • – – /// b3
120THT 3397 b1b1 /// ·k· lune yaṃ ///
121THT 3469 b3b3 /// – ·e yaṃ – ///
122THT 3660.a b1– /// b1 /// yaṃ a /// b2 ///
123THT 3796.a a1 a1 /// ne yaṃ /// b1 /// sw·
124THT 3808.b b2– /// b2 /// yaṃ a ///
125THT 3860 b2b2 /// ma ni yaṃ ñca ka ma na
126THT 3921.a a3ṣ· /// a3 /// yaṃ /// b1 /// –
127THT 4011 b2/// b2 /// le yaṃ – – ///
128THT 4020 a3 /// a3 /// yaṃ anusmara vikara vikara ///
129THT 4031 a4·y· stā na ati yaṃ s·ai – – /// a5