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THT 127

Known as:THT 127; B 127; Bleistiftnummer 2769
Cite this page as:Adrian Musitz (translation). "THT 127". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-tht127 (accessed 14 Jun. 2024).

Edition

Editor:Adrian Musitz (translation)

Provenience

Main find spot:Kizil Ming-öy
Specific find spot:Rothkuppelraum
Expedition code:T III MQ 49 (on the fragment), T III MQR 22 (on the frame)
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection

Language and Script

Language:TB
Linguistic stage:archaic
Script:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Rājavṛtti
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Kāvya
Verse/Prose:verse
Meter:M14

Object

Manuscript:THT 117-132
Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Number of lines:7

Images

Transliteration

a1/// [r]ts· ya [lñ]· – – – – ·k· [ka] rts· kra mpā lñe • ī me ka rts· pa ṣṣa lñe a mā· ka rts· kra m··
a2/// sa lñe a knā· [sa]· [ñ]· ·[ra] mpā lñe • ka rtse te ma¯ ¯nnt we ṣlo na toṃ wä nta rwa śa kṣu kto • ī ka
a3/// mñe rū psa pkā rsa • ce wsa pwī ke wro ccu wlo kau ṣe ntai ra ya kṣe ntsa 20 5 kā la tne śco wä nta
a4/// s̝s̝aṃ • e pe we s̝s̝aṃ po sta ṅka teṃ yā ta lle yā mtsi ste • yne śwä ntre ne a ñma ntse ñya tse nta
a5/// pau to tra lye lya ko rsa tso pa nne 20 6 tsu wai śma nne mā kā ccaṃ wä ntre ne stai tu ka stra • cpī wä
a6/// ka¯ ¯śc • na ka lñe sa kā ccaṃ cpī ka llā lñe sa a mi śke • pa llā ta rne i ne śne ā laṃ nā ki we s̝a nne
a7/// [l](·)[ā] [ta] rne sa na naṃ • ai śa mñe cpi [ma] lla st[ra] [w]ai pe cce sa mā kā ccaṃ • snai tsa ñ·e [sa] [ka] – – –
b1/// ·[ts]· ·[p]· skwa ssu su m· p· [ka] ll[o] ys· – lsko • – – t· ṣo [tru] [na] ke ttā ka· cai c[ai] – – – – – –
b2/// [n]ts[a] wi ka lle • we ña wä lo wai me ne mā skune ne sau ke ka mu • mā cä mpau ci klau tka stsi wro cce rṣ· k·
b3/// wñā ne wai me ne i kaṃ pkā rsa wä nta rwa • mai yyā ce mpa ai rṣai tsñe au ki ne stsi wai me ne
b4/// yū ka lñe cpi wai me ne • a lyi ya tse ne sa lñe wai me ne sa¯ ¯k ka llā tsi 30 e ṅklyau s̝a
b5/// ntse wai me ne • ko ylya mā ñya yu lyai ñña wai me nā ñu ka llā tsi • we ta ne yaṃ snai ye pe
b6/// ·[k]· pre teṃ¯ ¯ts pa [kw]ā [r]e [w]ai [m]e ne sklo kwi kā tsi 30-1 o stmeṃ ltu kuse snai wī na ṣa mā ññe cpi wai me ne
b7/// [yai] [c]pi e ṅ[w]i – – – – – (–) [sn]ai ce pi wai me ne tse śau lśai tsi • snai ma ktau ññe e ntse sse wai me

Transcription

24ca1 /// (ka)rts(e) yalñ(e) ; – – – ; – ·k· kärts(e) ; krämpālñe
24dīme kärts(e) ; paṣṣalñe ; amā(ṃ) kärts(e) ; kräm(pā)a2(lñe) (20-4)
25a /// sälñe ; aknā(t)sä(ñ)ñ(e) ; (k)rämpālñe
25bkärtse te männt ; weṣlona ; toṃ wäntärwa ; śäk ṣukto
25cīkäṃ a3 (śtwāra) (ṣotruna) (twe) (śā)mñe rūp;sa pkārsa
25dcewsa pw īke ; wroccu wlo ; kauṣentai ra ; yakṣentsa 20-5
26akālat-neśco ; wäntäa4(rwa) /// (we)ṣṣäṃ
26bepe weṣṣäṃ ; postäṅ ka ; teṃ yātalle ; yāmtsi ste
26cyneś wäntrene ; añmäntse ; ñyatsenta a5
26d /// ; pautoträ ; lyelyakorsa ; tsopän-ne 20-6
27atsuwai śman-ne ; kāccaṃ ; wäntr= enestai ; tukästrä
27bcpī a6 /// (alye)käśc
27cnakälñesa ; kāccaṃ cpī ; källālñesa ; amiśke
27dpällātär-ne ; ineśne ; āläṃ nāki ; weṣän-ne
28aa7 /// (pä)l(l)ātär-ne ; sananäṃ
28baiśamñe cpi ; mällasträ ; waipeccesa ; kāccaṃ
28csnaitsäñ(ñ)esa ; ka(kāccu) ; – b1
28d /// ·ts· ·p· ; skwassu su ; m(a)p(i) källoy ; n1 s(e) (pä)lsko • (20-8)
29at(oṃ) ṣotruna ; ket tāka(ṃ) ; cai cai – – ; – – –
29bb2 10σ /// ntsa ; wikṣälle
29cweña wälo ; waimene ; māskune nesau ; kekämu
29d cämpau ci ; klautkästsi ; wrocce rṣ(ā)k(eṃ) ; b3
30a /// wñā-ne ; waimene ; ikäṃ pkārsa ; wäntärwa
30bmaiyyācempa ; airṣaitsñe ; auki nestsi ; waimene
30cb4 /// ; yūkalñe cpi ; waimene
30dalyiyatse ; nesälñe ; waimene säk ; källātsi 30
31aeṅklyauṣä b5 /// ntse ; waimene
31bkoylya māñya ; yulyaiñña ; waimen= āñu ; källātsi
31cwetane yaṃ ; snai yepe ; b6 ///
31d(yar)k(e) preteṃts ; pakwāre ; waimene sklok ; wikātsi 30-1
32aostmeṃ ltu kuse ; snai wīna ; ṣamāññe cpi ; waimene
32bb7n2 /// yai cpi ; eṅwi(ntse)
32c– – – – – ; snaicepi ; waimenetse ; śaul śaitsi
32dsnai mäktauññe ; entsesse ; waime (ne)

Translation

a1... doing good... stopping... well..., observing the mind well, stopping arrogance well, ... stopping ignorance:
a2This is good. Thus are to be named the seventeen things.
a2+Know you the twenty four signs on the human form.
a3You will bring things to him, great king, in the whole place (?), killer by yakṣas (?)...
a4... says... ... or says: Finally that is able to be done.
a4+Through the dangers of a wish for a manifest thing....
a5... honors... Strikes him with his sight (?) If he meets him, he is not glad and he hides the thing in secret.
a5+Of this (matter)... to another...
a6He is happy about reproaching him, dejected by his gain. He praises him publicly, otherwise he reproaches him.
a7... praises his enemies... He denies his wisdom. He is not happy about (his) wealth.
a7+Joyous about (his) poverty...
b1... "he would indeed happily obtain..." This is (his) thought. Whoever has the signs, every one of them...
b2... is to be avoided... The king said: I have come upon a difficult obstacle. I cannot turn you into a great sage...
b3... said to him: Know the twenty difficult things: Impetuosity is difficult to augment with a powerful one (?)
b4... conquering him is difficult. It is difficult to achieve a different state of existence (?) and achieve happiness.
b4+... unheard... is difficult...
b5It is difficult to find a diligent (?) and clever maid and to find peace.
b5+If (?) one goes to war without a weapon...
b6It is difficult to remove doubt: "Worship of Pretas is bad!" (?) Whoever becomes a monk without pleasure, monkhood is difficult for him.
b7... of the man. ... it is difficult for a poor person to live life. It is difficult (to be) greedy without refuge (?)...

Other

a5If he meets him, he is not glad and he hides the thing in secret. (Peyrot 2013b: 700)
a6+Er lobt ihn vor Augen, anderswo [aber] spricht er Tadel über ihn ..., er lobt seine Feinde, sein Wissen leugnet er ab [und] freut sich nicht über [seinen] Besitz. (Schmidt 1974: 441-2)

Commentary

Remarks

On IDP, recto and verso are reversed.

Linguistic commentary

n2eṅwi for eṅkwi.

Philological commentary

n1Judging from THT 127 b5 (mapi , mārsat te), mapi could also mean "not", in our case: "... may he not happily obtain..."

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008A2
Tamai 2011C1
Tamai 2011C14

References

Online access

IDP: THT 127; TITUS: THT 127

Edition

Sieg and Siegling 1953: 60-61

Translations

Carling 2000: a7 (17); Hackstein 1995: a7 (316), b6 (134); Peyrot 2013b: a5 (700); Schmidt 1974: a6 a7 (441f), a6 a7 (441-2); Thomas 1952: a4 (37); Thomas 1954: b2 (722), b3 (744), b4 (742), b4 (743), b5 (744), b6 (712), b6 (744), b7 (744); Thomas 1957: b2 (249), b6 (268); Thomas 1960a: a6 (201), a7 (201); Thomas 1993: a6 (191)

Bibliography

Carling 2000

Carling, Gerd. 2000. Die Funktion der lokalen Kasus im Tocharischen. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

IDP

“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Peyrot 2008

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Peyrot 2013b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013b. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD, Universität Göttingen.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.

Thomas 1952

Thomas, Werner. 1952. Die tocharischen Verbaladjektive auf -l. Deutsche Akad. der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Institut für Orientforschung 9. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

Thomas 1954

Thomas, Werner. 1954. “Die Infinitive im Tocharischen.” In Asiatica. Festschrift Friedrich Weller. Zum 65. Geburtstag, gewidmet von seinen Freunden, Kollegen und Schülern, edited by Johannes Schubert and Ulrich Schneider, 701–64. Leipzig: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1960a

Thomas, Werner. 1960a. “Zur Verwendung des tocharischen Verbalsubstantivs auf -r im Perlativ.” In Indogermanica. Festschrift für Wolfgang Krause zum 65. Geburtstage am 18. September 1960, 194–203.

Thomas 1993

Thomas, Werner. 1993. Parallele Texte im Tocharischen und ihre Bewertung. Vol. 5. SbWGF, XXX. Stuttgart: Steiner.

TITUS

Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/texte/tocharic/thtframe.htm.