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Cite this page as:"". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?F_B_tā (accessed 14 Jun. 2024).
 
Meaning:demonstrative stem
Word class:adjective
Word subclass:pronoun
Language:TB
Lexeme variants:tā; ta
 
Number:singular
Case:accusative
Gender:feminine

Paradigm

sg.msg.fsg.npl.mpl.fpl.ndu.mdu.fdu.n
nomse, seṃ, samp, su, su-k, sāṃ, somp, ute, teṃ, tamp, tu, te-k, tu-kcai, caimp, ceya-ktoy, toyna, toymp, toṃ, tona-ktai, tai-k
voc
accce, ceṃ, comp, co, cau, ce-k, cau-k, tāṃ, tomp, u, tā-kte, teṃ, tamp, tu, te-k, tu-kceṃ, cenän, ceyna, cena-ktoy, toyna, toymp, toṃ, tona-ktai, tai-k
gencwi, cwimptāytentse, tuntsecenaṃts, ceṃts, ceynaṃts, cempaṃts, centsa-ktoynaṃts, toṃtstainaisi, tainaisäñ
loccene, caune, cene-ktūne, teṃne, tu-kne
comitcaumpatempatoynampa
inst
ablcemeṃ, caumeṃtemen, teṃmeṃ, tammeṃ, tumeṃceṃmeṃtoṃmeṃ
perlcompsa, causatesa, tūsa, tusa, tusā-kceynasatoṃtsa
allcewäścteśc, tuśccenäśc
caus

Lexeme family

  • s- demonstrative stem dem

Occurrences

ta

1IOL Toch 61 a7/// a7cetama – – – – – – – /// b1
2IOL Toch 91 b3/// b3/// (ya)maskeṃtakuce no ñi ///
3IOL Toch 135 b4/// b4/// (ci)ttaviprayuktasaṃskārta·ā /// b5///
4IOL Toch 148 a3a3/// …ṣṣentse käṣṣīntaṃtsta·e /// a4///
5IOL Toch 167 b8dhāṃjali b8– – – – – – aṃtadyaṃ vā – dha
6IOL Toch 289 a1a1/// cau preketak· – /// a2
7IOL Toch 391.a a4/// a4/// weṣṣäṃtas· /// a5///
8IOL Toch 423 a2/// a2su taṣe /// a3
9IOL Toch 624 a3ywārśne a3/// wita ponta ne b1
10IOL Toch 756 b3b3/// …pi arśeta·se kr· ///
11IOL Toch 757 a2ri auñento steta(k)u·(e) /// a3///
12IOL Toch 764 a4– ne s(w)añcai ·etako· /// b1///
13IOL Toch 791 b1/// …ṣi syālo hitakṣā /// b2///
14IOL Toch 822 a3a3/// lle ·s·tall· – – – /// a4
15IOL Toch 880 b1/// – maitan· /// b2///
16IOL Toch 885 b2/// – – ti weṣṣäṃtakuce yā /// b3
17IOL Toch 886 a1a1/// citaṣurmä tṛtiyā ·tā ś·
18Kizil WD-I-a9 a1(m)i(k)i(s)ā(n)e (ṣa)r(w)aiṃ (klāt)e (a)·(a)ṃ(ta)(ñ)ai o(r)o(c)e (k)emesa 1
19Kizil Wood 4 a1klaina teṅkeś ruwe mautana ma ne malwer
20Kz-006-ZS-Z-11 a1a1pa tratata e ña – – –
21Kz-006-ZS-Z-11 a1a1pa tra tatae ña – – – ta
22Kz-006-ZS-Z-11 a1– – – ta – – ratata te la tu
23Kz-006-ZS-Z-11 a1ta – – ra tatate la tu nts·
24Kz-211-ZS-R-05 a2te kṣu – – wsītapra – – – lsko a3
25Kz-213-ZS-L-13 a4a4/// ketane śe ma te
26Kz-213-ZS-R-09 a2a2kuse – k·taike ta pa ·ā
27Kz-213-ZS-R-09 a2– k· ta iketapa ·ā ṣṣoṣäts
28Kz-213-ZS-Z-03 a1kre ·(·)e /// setacme ñai kä
29Kz-213-ZS-Z-06 a2·o na ·loṃ ketaca māt ce paika
30Kz-222-ZS-L-05 a1na – ka ·aitane ka ṣotri
31Kz-222-ZS-Q-02’ a1a1tan· l· nt·
32Kz-225-YD-W-09 a1a1tabhikṣe somarakṣite
33PK AS 12A b5walo we /// b5takuce lantäññai ytarintse mā-astärñentse
34PK AS 12A b6(o)rotse walo plaktukiñña weṣṣäṃtakuce pito ///
35PK AS 12C a2walo weṣṣäṃtakuce cakkravārt(t)i(ññe) /// a3
36PK AS 12C a3• asite weṣṣäṃtakuce cakravārttiññe täne päkutär
37PK LC 16.3 a6si auṣap lāreñ ṣeycerñta·k· raṣṣe /// a7
38PK NS 152 b3/// b3stetakuce pañä(kte) /// b4
39PK NS 152 b4ta kUcePK AS 12CIOL Toch 91m-ioltoch895ta Pinault 2014c: 301Pedersen 1941: 126Koller 2015: 145–148
40PK NS 157 b2– käṃ teṃ stetamä /// b3///
41THT 51 a7/// kte yarm weretaa8 ///
42THT 190 a2/// a2nt •ta ri ///
43THT 238 b2yolaiñe : kuse ntatab3/// naintate cimpyāsta-ṃñ
44THT 283.a a4yäksau prākre : arañcneta; /// /// ·o
45THT 575 a5palskosa – tstso(ta); ne cm(e)lane :
46THT 1126 a3ksa • 3 ॥taśa laṣp a4///
47THT 1131.i a1ñ· parna śa e·k·tayamīyeñ mäkt· a2///
48THT 1131.j b1ya su tatta sutaya ·r· – ///
49THT 1180 a5 no mo ritatsi /// a6///
50THT 1181 b2snai rmä mñetak· – /// b3
51THT 1190 b3b3/// ñai sata·ai u tsa rske
52THT 1191 b7te po s·aṃ pota
53THT 1192 b2– kuc· ne atate se le śaiṣṣe
54THT 1194 b2/// b2/// rätan· m· /// b3
55THT 1280 b3ma – – rä kytatsa /// b4///
56THT 1288 a4/// sai ytāri mpatase /// b1///
57THT 1288 b3b3/// smaṃ ñempata·e /// b4///
58THT 1297 b2b2/// ma aknañtapelaikne kärsātsīṣc takoy-me
59THT 1297 b4yā mi – k·etawäntärwa ·e – ·e
60THT 1304 a1lmo lakle : ·rätake no
61THT 1311 b1/// – leṃ kärkautañä ere – ///
62THT 1313 b7·e ·e – – ·ātayno wi ·i ///
63THT 1316.b b1/// ·t· l· ṣaitana ·t· /// b2
64THT 1332 a3ṣṣ· na oṅkolmeṃ waltsatatme – n· –
65THT 1333 a1/// – s· catakat 9 ॥ a2
66THT 1333 b3lai b3/// ·y·ta: kälskālñe yaneṃ b4
67THT 1343.p b1/// b1/// ·sn·talñ· – /// b2
68THT 1350 a6su sukhaṃ bata·ī – mo •
69THT 1351 a5– l· trä l·tare de va ṣäṃ
70THT 1356.p a1ka na a witaa – /// a2
71THT 1379.d a1a1tan· – /// a2
72THT 1384.y a1a1/// kata śaikṣi bra ///
73THT 1385.g b3/// b3/// vitari • kaunte •
74THT 1392.g b1/// : ytāritamai /// b2///
75THT 1410.f a4a4/// ·ä ortotapa /// b1///
76THT 1410.k b3b3s la warta·e /// b4l·eṃ
77THT 1415.b a1a1/// ·n·talñe – /// a2
78THT 1420.b b1– ·s· ṅtsi kautats·ā /// b2///
79THT 1439.a a1a1catas·a /// b1
80THT 1457 a3rl·e ·e ·e ॥taka la re ke
81THT 1457 a4su wa klo witapta /// krui b1
82THT 1457 b3t· – yā śnata ka par ñe
83THT 1472.a b1ṣle pka rsa aitask· – /// b2
84THT 1480 b3b3/// st·i ñketa·w· ·i /// b4
85THT 1497.a a6iri kä • a6itaka – • ś·
86THT 1497.a a4iia4iini kitaka mpa mi śä
87THT 1497.a a8iicca śe • aitamänta kärtseṃ b1i– – –
88THT 1497.a b1iiṣa ñca ·do •taba la ṣa trä
89THT 1522.b a3ṣṣai ne mäskeñca sataśe mña ·ke :
90THT 1524 b5b5/// ha patayo ma nā –
91THT 1534.a a2vā ti ci ṣātabha • ha pu
92THT 1534.a a3a3ye teṃ batadro gā ci
93THT 1535.a a7śkaṃ ro : rotakaṃ pu ṣṣo :
94THT 1536.d a2/// a2/// c·takätta cäñcyeṃ ṣe
95THT 1537.a a3rma – ·ätapa tr· /// b1
96THT 1539.g b1ṣamā – – ·t· tärtara – /// b2
97THT 1540.b b3rok – taw stītasa po – śī
98THT 1548.a b1yolme – – – l tumpatas· m· – ///
99THT 1549.c b2wa – rwa yata·e /// b3///
100THT 1551 b2– – l· ntäṃ aukitat· – /// b3
101THT 1569.b b3b3/// – tkānträtaka – /// b4
102THT 1581 b3/// b3/// ṅkanmata·y· /// b4///
103THT 1604.a b1b1/// – metakä /// b2///
104THT 1604.c a2a2/// – ttataśwātsi – /// a3
105THT 1610.a a2/// a2/// pitalā pa ka ///
106THT 1623.a b4b4/// ·sa •tada – ///
107THT 1623.e a3ma ne • ṭuta• pra ·t· ///
108THT 1680 b1keś ścīrona rekaunasa cautarsä sk· /// b2
109THT 1682 a2/// – ·i caṃta·nc· /// a3///
110THT 1805 b2/// twentatarna /// b3///
111THT 2171 a5– – – s pārami tätaṭa – – – – – /// b1
112THT 2249.a a3/// a3/// ·y·tamo ma ta
113THT 2249.a a3·y· ta mo mata• o /// a4
114THT 2257.e b1b1/// – ccātatsu tre /// b2
115THT 2272 b1/// – tka ॥taru ṇa – ///
116THT 2326 b1– /// b1streṃtana /// b2stareṃt·
117THT 2348.h b5pi so • tätaki – ///
118THT 2348.n b1/// – sta ṣatano ca rpäkṣal· –
119THT 2348.o b3/// b3/// ṣatareṃ mä /// b4
120THT 2351 a2wikoytärme • se tetallā – /// a3
121THT 2371.e b2/// – ś·o ññaitat· /// b3///
122THT 2371.p b2b2/// ·y· potaurūka – /// b3
123THT 2373.d a2/// a2/// mts·tana /// b1///
124THT 2374.ll b2b2/// – ·ita: pra śna :
125THT 2375.h b1/// b1/// sata sta /// b2
126THT 2375.m a1a1/// m·ta: pa r· ///
127THT 2377.i b1b1/// ta hata: da ha ///
128THT 2377.w a2/// a2/// mitaṣe klu ṣe va
129THT 2377.w a6a6/// – – katarṣe va – – ///
130THT 2377.w b4/// nca trau mitaṣa va saṃ yo
131THT 2382.o a1a1/// ·āṃ krätakrä tya ma
132THT 2387 b3/// b3– – – rgata ya – – ///
133THT 2584 a2a2/// lyā yatayo /// b1///
134THT 3005 b1/// n· – wratañ·a /// b2///
135THT 3015 b1– /// b1raṃtak· – /// b2
136THT 3075 b1b1/// ·u •tatr· /// b2///
137THT 3077 a2a2/// – yatallä ññe – ///
138THT 3098 b4b4/// ·r· ltkita• ña /// b5
139THT 3119.g b1b1/// a ntatas·i /// b2///
140THT 3161 a3a3/// yā jjātajā /// a4///
141THT 3161 b2/// b2/// k·tantsa – /// b3
142THT 3174 b2/// b2/// catañem /// b3
143THT 3174 b3b3/// ·i jñatara • sy· ///
144THT 3273 a1/// m· nta wätkoytana /// a2///
145THT 3441 a2a2/// – sätacvā rū – ///
146THT 3508 a2/// a2/// rṣk·ta l· /// b1
147THT 3554 a1a1/// y·tas·ā /// a2///
148THT 3632.h b1b1/// ·ā yatana /// b2///
149THT 3768.a a2/// a2/// kaitatsa śeśänmo – ///
150THT 3817.f b1b1/// – ṣyatana ///
151THT 3912.a a2/// a2/// nātacā – tr· ///
152THT 3993 a1k· ·m· a ñ·tapoyśi pa ///
153THT 4001 a5a5ṣamāne paplākutañake se eśkulke wene
154THT 4002 b4b4/// ·ā ṇyaṃtapa – s· –
155W 25 a5• ā ñce taka – – (ka)nakapuṣpä
156W 40 b1·e b1– – – taṣṣalletayā(mo)rmeṃ we – ṣukt

1IOL Toch 5 a5; iṅkauṃ kästwer :ka ṣpä śāmñai ;
2IOL Toch 5 b1y(ā)mts(i) ; kälpāsk(au) ;pr(e)śy(ai)yne : āś papyāku
3IOL Toch 52 b5/// (vi)jeṣyate • kuseke(ṃ) /// b6///
4IOL Toch 81 b7vigatamalaprajña । /// b7। kässākko । yölögö
5IOL Toch 128 a3ṣaññe (pa)ñäkti – nträn· – ·i –
6IOL Toch 136 a6a6– l··ṃ 50-1tallauntsai preścyaine päst krentaṃtsä
7IOL Toch 138 and 184 b2b2/// (te)tanmäṣṣu ॥kektseṃne (ś)twāra mahābhūtänta skente
8IOL Toch 138 and 184 b3/// ku(s)e ste k(u)sekektseṃne prakrona w(ä)ntarwa skente
9IOL Toch 145 b4b4/// empelya onolmeṃñī /// b5///
10IOL Toch 187 b5/// b5/// (spa)rttāwaṣṣe tu preściyai(ne) (ṣe)
11IOL Toch 380 a1a1/// p·ksa kä /// a2
12IOL Toch 489 a1a1/// – rakwi pä ·m· l·
13IOL Toch 745 a2a2/// – kṣīmepäṣṣi… /// b1///
14Or 8212.163 b6keṃntsa
15PK AS 3B a1t«o/u»meṃ no pokkāka ṣotarnmakoknese saṃnipātik
16PK AS 12C b2; meñäntse mäk(t)ān tāsau; – b3– – – – –
17PK AS 13D a9(ñ)äk(c)īa9(ye) /// cmetsy ārtantärrīne : e(p)rb1(er) ·
18PK AS 13D b8ṣpä se nmit tākakälymimeṃ b9/// –
19PK AS 17A b4; pūrvottar 1 b4twe rīne ; ṣmemane
20PK AS 17F a3śāmñe camel takā-me ;preśyaiyne 1 ॥
21PK DA M 507.37 and .36 a31aitsi kärratär«†ä» a31yakwe putewante olākwāṃne ṣreṃntsa
22PK NS 27 b5: sapūlempa ; menāk; karsoym kektseñ ;
23PK NS 83 a5puwar mātre ; tsäkṣäñ1 ॥ akāśmeṃ weskeṃ
24SI B 120(1) b1b1/// (menā)kkektseñ kärsormeṃ • nagaropamaṃ
25THT 23 a3śāmnaṅts ; papāla(ṣo) :no ytāri tne ;
26THT 46 a5ñ añm palāmai ñäśārsau 30-2 ptārka pw
27THT 46 a8 (:) śaul ka oräñ-ckektseño ; pw alecci
28THT 49 b3; yaitkorsa 10-1 otwe(ña) ; (w)ertsyaine ;
29THT 81 b2araṇemiñ lānte yapoyne kameṃ(tā)b3rrine yaipormeṃ ālyauceś
30THT 107 a2ista-k śarsa : seśuwaṃ ; oṅkorñai ;
31THT 107 a3tsäṅkā-ne mäkte pi kcaoṅkorñai ñiś śwātsi källālle
32THT 107 a6rṣākeṃne śpālmeṃ cwi wesoṅkorñai pintwāt aiskem
33THT 107 b7; keklyutkusai ; oṅkorñai: ce pintwātstsa ;
34THT 121 b6b6nt= olypo tekanmake(ktsenne) /// b7kleśanma
35THT 231 b3lareñ nai ; pūrpat; pelaikneṣṣai ; yokastai
36THT 257 b3/// r wärñai kenyk(e) postäṃ pelaikne
37THT 296 b1tiyśiṃ : b1mandpasi ; märsasta ;
38THT 306 b7tām bhūmim adhigacchati •t(ā)u /// b8///
39THT 345 b2b2/// jambudvipäṣṣai ortstsaikentsa yaṃ ritatär
40THT 363 b8b8– – yamaṣäṃp(l)āc ·ita ///
41THT 394 b2/// li : yästāräkkercyenmeṃ ; yā ///
42THT 406 a7/// m· walo pañäktemeṃplāc keklyauṣormeṃ a ·i
43THT 629 a3a3/// ॥ pūrparsenik ñi /// a4
44THT 1108 a4no käl(l)ātäpātrai(sa) y(a)skaṣṣäle star-cä
45THT 1108 b2(te) ñemts(a)pātrai prucamñai eṅkaskemar solmīyai
46THT 1120 a5ke(ś) /// /// k··keṃ ṣikonta(sa) – ·i
47THT 1131.d a1eṃṣke ce camelnipreśco yait a2///
48THT 1210 a3a3/// – ntaśśäṃ pe ṣe a4
49THT 1290 b2/// b2/// ki·k· yä ne a
50THT 1301 b3tärrek eṅkweṃ y· ·s·tsko yä ersaṅ· ///
51THT 1312 a3/// yyai tu postäṃṣṣä ṣṣ· p· kw·
52THT 1312 b4b4/// k· ·ts·y·e – rm·a –
53THT 1330.a b2– m cämpā k· /// b3///
54THT 1333 b5ṇe to nte ynūca
55THT 1335.a a4mim ñäś tañ kräntsi 20-9 pācer ra
56THT 1335.c b3b3/// – stärñempaṣpä b4///
57THT 1351 b4/// b4/// āni da • u
58THT 1355 b2bhavati na t· va: ṣamāne – ///
59THT 1358 a3– – – krä nyraṃ caiḍa saṃ – ///
60THT 1372.j b2ra pe ṣki kumi /// b3///
61THT 1384.d a2/// a2/// riti • a ///
62THT 1384.y b2b2/// ·t· ca pr· /// b3
63THT 1392.i b1/// b1/// y·ko – mṣ ·o
64THT 1399.h b4/// – kä ṣsiṃ ///
65THT 1405.a b1·ts· ma ṅkāl ntäkaṣ p· r· ·ṣ·
66THT 1437.a a2tmane onu ru trśarse /// a3cakeññe
67THT 1437.b a1·m· – – • se bha /// a2
68THT 1446 a3/// – rpkāne keṃpo klutkatsi : 8
69THT 1500.b a3tāka parivrā – n·erä • iti •
70THT 1518 a1kṣatri vaiśyi śudri karsaṃy·ā r·i ·e a2
71THT 1621.e a2a2/// – rñś· /// b1///
72THT 1628.i b2/// b2/// r·ek· ///
73THT 1633 a4– ñ ·o lwaṃ·e ///
74THT 1635.a a2/// a2kha ramrä du
75THT 1635.a a2ra mrä duvā /// a3tse
76THT 1637.b a5a5/// – – ñcäla – /// b1
77THT 1855 b1sa ·i pātsa ś· – ///
78THT 2321 b2b2/// – kä·ne ///
79THT 2337 a2a2/// – p·kä ·t· ·e ///
80THT 2348.h a1ma śä kä •li – /// a2
81THT 2371.g b1b1/// – taka ne ṣr· ///
82THT 2374.d a1a1/// ·ṣ·n· /// a2///
83THT 2375.c a4a4/// – yawa ·ā • –
84THT 2375.ll b1b1/// ·ā ṣimpa /// b2///
85THT 2376.k b1b1/// ·m· m·r· ·u /// b2
86THT 2379.d a2/// a2/// ñaśk·i /// a3///
87THT 2981.f b1b1/// ma llek· /// b2///
88THT 3000 a4a4/// – suka kl·a – ///
89THT 3042 a2a2/// – ññaikektseñtsa po a ///
90THT 3117 b2– /// b2rä ///
91THT 3244 b3/// – pā wek·a – ///
92THT 3508 a2a2/// rṣk· tal· /// b1///
93THT 3749 a1a1/// – śteso /// a2///
94THT 3991 a2da vya ॥ krodhakru ṇa ।

Bibliography

Koller 2015

Koller, Bernhard. 2015. “Studies in tocharian phonology above the word-level.” PhD, UCLA.

Pedersen 1941

Pedersen, Holger. 1941. Tocharisch vom Gesichtspunkt der indoeuropäischen Sprachvergleichung. Vol. XXVIII, 1. Det Kgl. Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Historisk-filologiske Meddelelser. København: Ejnar Munksgaard.

Pinault 2014c

Pinault, Georges-Jean. 2014c. “Distribution and Origins of the PIE Suffixes * -ih2-.” In Das Nomen im Indogermanischen : Morphologie, Substantiv versus Adjektiv, Kollektivum Akten der Arbeitstagung der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft vom 14. bis 16. September 2011 in Erlangen, edited by Norbert Oettinger and Thomas Steer, 273–306. Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag.