Caravan

Announcements

  • The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.

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Work in progress

A 295

Known as:A 295; THT 928
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling; Adrian Musitz. "A 295". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-a295 (accessed 07 Dec. 2023).

Edition

Editor:Gerd Carling; Adrian Musitz

Provenience

Main find spot:Šorčuq
Specific find spot:Stadthöhle
Expedition code:T III Š 79.17
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Language:TA
Script:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka
Passage:Act 5?
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Drama
Verse/Prose:prose; verse

Object

Manuscript:M-γ
Leaf number:60-7
Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Number of lines:8

Images

Images from titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de by courtesy of the Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS).

Transliteration

a1///
a2/// [t]l· – – – – – ·ñ· pu kka pśa ñi [w]· – – – – – – – sa lpmāṃ a ñcwā ṣi lya lypu ·y· – sa lpmā[ṃ] mu [r]l·
a3– – – – – – – sa lpmāṃ tri śu lma ṣka pśi ññaṃ tsā kñā wā tñā – – – – – – – – ñi : sa lpmāṃ a ñcwā ṣṣā ñpa ñka¯ ¯nt śo lyme¯ ¯ñä
a4– – – – – – – ta rñi wī yu trī kū ca¯ ¯m klo pyo 5 || ta nne wka nyo pa lsk[o] [ra] – – kwra ssa ṣki pma ska ta¯ ¯r nu na kpa ltsa ṅkā¯ ¯s̝ hī
a5[¯ś]· – – – – – – ¯p yā mlu ne yi¯ ¯s ku sne ñi kā su yā ma sca mi¯ ¯k nä¯ ¯s̝ o ma sk· pa lskā kuya lmā nä ṣśo¯ ¯l ra ryu ra¯ ¯s̝ ksa lu ne yaṃ
a6ka lk·¯ ¯m • – – – – nä ṣlyu tā rpe nu knā nmu ne yā tlu ne «yo» ka knu ma ska ta¯ ¯r lya lypa ntwā śśi ta· pe wā tsu ne yā nu mā o kta¯ ¯m ksa lu ne yaṃ ytsi
a7cä mpa¯ ¯s̝ • ja ·u nā¯ ¯t wsā ṣi ṣu llo ki ka pśa ñi ma ska traṃ • tma¯ ¯s̝ lya lypu rṣi ñi wra sa ñtsa raṃ ye pe syo ku mse¯ ¯ñcä wsā ṣiṃ i me yo ca mi ka pśi ñ[ñ]ä¯ ¯s̝ śwā l[l]ā ta
a8ṅkā ntraka nta ntu yo pu klā ka tke¯ ¯ñcä ca mi ka pśi ññä¯ ¯s̝ śwā llā ta ṅkā tsi mā a ra ta¯ ¯r ca m[l]ā t·· ntaṃ lya ly[pa] n·ā ·i ///
b1ntaṃ lya lypa ntu ā re ñcäṃ ca ma¯ ¯k klo pyo śo lla ñcs̝aṃ ksa lu ne yaṃ ka lka¯ ¯s̝ • ta myo o ma sku ne y· ṣpra ski a rs̝a lk· – ·ñ· ///
b2rcki näṃ ywā rckiṃ – – kyo śa kra¯ ¯nt wra maṃ pā sa ntra tā mpra ṣtaṃ pa¯ ¯ñä tmāṃ pu klā śo lma ska tra¯ ¯m • ä ntā ne ma dhya dhi mā ttra pa ltsa kyo pā sa ntra tā mpra ṣtaṃ s̝a¯ ¯k tmā[ṃ] pu klā ś·
b3lma ska t[ra] – – – [a] dhi mā ttra mṛ du pa ltsa kyo pā sa ntra tā mpra ṣṭaṃ wra sa¯ ¯ñä s̝pa ttmāṃ pu klā śo lśā we¯ ¯ñcä • ä ntā ne a dhi mā ttra ma dhya pa ltsa kyo pā
b4– – – – – – – – tmāṃ pu klā wra sa śśi śo lpa rka rma ska ta¯ ¯r to sa mpra s̝ta ntwaṃ tma kmā – – ṣā ni kā¯ ¯ñä bo dhi sa tvā¯ ¯ñä jā ta ka¯ ¯s ype¯ ¯ñcä
b5– – – – – – – – kṣi na ki ma ska ntra • ä ntā ne nu wra sa¯ ¯ñä a dhi mā trā dhi mā [t]· – – – – kra¯ ¯nt wra maṃ pā sa ntra tā mpra ṣtaṃ o ka ttmāṃ śtwa
b6– – – – – – – – [l]pa rka rma s[ka] ta¯ ¯r pu kwra sa¯ ¯ñä ā ne ñci yä – – – – – – – – [pā] sa ntra • taṃ ne wka nyo sa skā swo ne yu ma ñcä
b7/// [śa] ṅ[kh]e – – – – – [p]·¯ ¯k ca kra va rtti ·ä – – – – – – – ska ta¯ ¯r || phu lle naṃ || ta n[n]e w[ka] – ja mbu dvi¯ ¯p tso
b8///

Transcription

a1 ///
a2 /// tl· – – – – – ·ñ·puk kapśañi w· – – – – – – – sälpmāṃ añcwāṣi lyalypu(r)y(eṣ) sälpmāṃ murl(isyo) (mrācaṃ) (yämniṣ-ñi) (triku)
a3 – – – – – – – sälpmāṃ triśu= lmäṣ kapśiññaṃ tsākñā wātñā – – – – – – – – ñi : sälpmāṃ añcwāṣṣāñ päñ-känt śolymeñ
a4 – – – – – – – tär ñi wīyu trīkū cam klopyo 5 ॥ tanne wkänyo pälskorä – – k wrassäṣ kip mäskatär nunak pältsäṅkāṣ hī-
a5 -ś(t) (tākiṣ) (ñi) (omäskenā)p yāmluneyis kus ne ñi kāsu yāmäs camik näṣ omäsk(eṃ) pälskā kuyal näṣ śol raryuräṣ ksaluneyaṃ
a6 n1 kälk(i)m(säm) (nape)näṣ lyutār penu knānmune yātluneyo kaknu mäskatär lyalypäntwāśśi ta(m)pewātsuneyā nu ok täm ksaluneyaṃ ytsi
a7 cämpäṣja(mb)unāt wsāṣi ṣull oki kapśañi mäskatraṃ • tmäṣ lyalypurṣiñi wrasañ tsaraṃ yepesyo kumseñc wsāṣiṃ imeyo cami kapśiññäṣ śwāl lātä-
a8 -ṅkānträ • käntantuyo puklā kätkeñc cami kapśiññäṣ śwāl lātäṅkātsi aratär cam lāt··ntaṃ lyalypän(tw)ā(śś)i ///
b1 n2 ntaṃ lyalypäntu āreñcäṃ camäk klopyo śol läñcṣäṃ ksaluneyaṃ kalkaṣtämyo omäskuney(ä)ṣ praski arṣäl k· – ·ñ· ///
b2 rckinäṃ ywārckiṃ – – kyo śäkrant wramäṃ pāsanträ tām praṣtaṃ päñ tmāṃ puklā śol mäskaträm • äntā ne madhyadhimātträ pältsäkyo pāsanträ tām praṣtaṃ ṣäk tmāṃ puklā ś(o)-
b3 -l mäskaträ – – – adhimāttramṛdu pältsäkyo pāsanträ tām praṣṭaṃ wrasañ ṣpät tmāṃ puklā śol śāweñcäntā ne adhimāttramadhya pältsäkyo
b4 – – – – – – – – tmāṃ puklā wrasaśśi śol pärkär mäskatär tosäm praṣtäntwaṃ tmäk (ā)ṣānikāñ bodhisatvāñ jātakäs ypeñc
b5 – – – – – – – – kṣinaki mäskanträ • äntā ne nu wrasañ adhimātrādhimāt(rä) – – – (śä)krant wramäṃ pāsanträ tām praṣtaṃ okät tmāṃ śtwa
b6 – – – – – – – – l pärkär mäskatär puk wrasañ āneñci yä – – – – – – – – pāsanträ • taṃne wkänyo säs kāswoneyumäñcä
b7 /// śaṅkhe – – – – – p·k cakravartti ·ä – – – – – – (mä)skatärphullenaṃ
1a tanne wkä(nyo) ; jambudvip ; tso

Translation

a2 ... all... body... ... with burning iron deed, with burning reeds may he reach the top of my head... ... confused...
a3 ... they would pierce and thrust a burning trident into the body...
a3+ ... five hundred burning iron needles...
a4 ... my... afraid and confused through the pain... Having thought thus... there is shame from the beings. Again, he thinks:
a4+ Fie on my evil doing! ...
a5 I planned evil against the very one who did good to me.
a5+ Why shouldn’t I, having given up life, go into nirvāṇa?
a6 He is endowed with knowledge and capability beyond even any human.
a6+ Because of the power of the deeds he cannot go into Nirvāṇa.
a7 His body is like a mountain made of Jambunāda-gold. Thus, the karmic beings come with knives in their hand.
a7+ With their mind set on goldn3 , they cut of meat from his body.
a8 Even if years pass by the hundreds, the cutting off of flesh from his body doesn't cease. ... cut off... of the deeds...
b1 The deeds will cease for him. Through this very pain, his life will exit and go to Nirvāṇa. Therefore, fear of evil is to be evoked... When they observe ten things with a middle-middle mindn4 , then their life is 50 000 years.
b2+ When they observe them with a mind of middle-superior level, then their life is 60 000 years.
b3 When they guard them with a mind of inferior-superior level, then the beings live a life of 70 000 years. When they guard them with a mind of superior-middle level, ... the life of the beings is... ten thousend years long.
b4+ In those times, the venerable bodhisattvas do not make jātakas.
b5 ... they are worthy of a gifts.
b5+ When the beings guard the ten things (with a mind) of superior-superior level, then (the life of the beings) is 80 000 and four... years long.
b6 All beings diligently... guard...
b6+ In this way, he... virtuous...
b7 Śaṅkhe... Cakravartin... is... In the Phullena-tune: In this way, Jambudvīpa...

Other

a3 ...setzt er den glühenden Dreizack, in den Körper stach [und] stieß(?) er... (Schmidt 1974: 21)
a4+ Wiederum denkt er: "Pfui (sei) über (mein böses) Tun! Wer mir Gutes getan hat, eben dem habe ich Böses zugedacht." (Schmidt 1974: 181)
a5+ Why shouldn't I, having given up life, go into nirvāṇa? (Peyrot 2013c: 242)
a7+ Darauf kommen die Karman-Wesen mit Schwertern in der Hand [und] schneiden sich in der Annahme, [es sei] Gold, Fleisch von seinem Körper. (Schmidt 1974: 437)
a8 By hundreds the years will pass, [but] cutting off flesh from his body [will] not stop. (cf 99) (Peyrot 2013c: 641)
a8 Zu Hunderten werden die Jahre vergehen, [aber] man hört nicht auf, Fleisch von seinem Körper zu schneiden [wtl. das Fleisch hört nicht auf, von dessen Körper zu schneiden (= geschnitten zu werden)]. (Schmidt 1974: 99)

Commentary

Remarks

Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).
Lines a1 and b8 are lost.

Parallel texts

YQ N.3; YQ N.4

Philological commentary

This fragment may contain part of the fift act of the Maitreyasamitināṭaka. There are no obvious Uy. parallels, and the tocharian parallels YQ N.3 and YQ N.4 are not clearly identified as to which act they belong in either. This fragment's connection to act V is established by the existence of a folio number (67) on the verso side, which can be calculated to go into this act. But see Pinault 1999a: 198-9.
n2 The reading aṣa in Sieg and Siegling 1921a: 155 was corrected to arṣa in Thomas 2003: 308. The segmentation arṣäl k· is thanks to a suggestion by Sergey Malyshev (p.c., 14 June 2016).
n3 For the combination of ime with an adjective in -ṣi, cf. A 5 b5 and A 7 b3.
n4 For the translation, cf. Dictionary and Thesaurus of Tocharian A s.v. ywārckinäṃ-ywārckiṃ-pältsäk*.

Linguistic commentary

n1 The restoration kälk(i)m is thanks to Sergey Malyshev (p.c. 6 January 2017).

References

Online access

IDP: THT 928; TITUS: THT 928

Edition

Sieg and Siegling 1921a: 155-156; Sieg and Siegling 1921a p. 155, p. 156

Translations

Carling 2000: a2 (125), a3 (220), a5 (247), b2 (308); Hackstein 1995: b2 (175); Knoll 1996: b4 (20); Kölver 1965: a6 (100), a7 (12); Peyrot 2013c: a5 a6 (242), a8 (641); Schmidt 1974: a3 (20 n.4), a3 (21), a4 a5 (181), a7 a8 (437), a8 (99); Thomas 1952: a7 (62), a8 (62); Thomas 1954a: a6 a7 (722); Thomas 1957: a3 (57), a4 a5 (190, 224), a6 a7 (275); Thomas 1958a: a6 (141); Thomas 1968b: a7 (204); Thomas 1983a: a5 a6 (34), a6 a7 (34); Thomas 1986: a4 a5 (120); Thomas 1990: a7 (46)

Bibliography

Carling 2000

Carling, Gerd. 2000. Die Funktion der lokalen Kasus im Tocharischen. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.

Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

IDP

“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Knoll 1996

Knoll, Gabriele. 1996. “Die Verwendungsweisen der Adjektive im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Frankfurt am Main.

Kölver 1965

Kölver, Bernhard. 1965. “Der Gebrauch der sekundären Kasus im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Frankfurt am Main.

Peyrot 2013c

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013c. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Pinault 1999a

Pinault, Georges-Jean. 1999a. “Restitution du Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka en tokharien A: Bilan provisoire et recherches complémentaires sur l’acte XXVI.” Tocharian and Indo-European Studies 8: 189–240.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Göttingen.

Sieg and Siegling 1921a

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921a. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.

Thomas 1952

Thomas, Werner. 1952. Die tocharischen Verbaladjektive auf -l. Deutsche Akad. der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Institut für Orientforschung 9. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

Thomas 1954a

Thomas, Werner. 1954a. “Die Infinitive im Tocharischen.” In Asiatica. Festschrift Friedrich Weller. Zum 65. Geburtstag, gewidmet von seinen Freunden, Kollegen und Schülern, edited by Johannes Schubert and Ulrich Schneider, 701–64. Leipzig: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1958a

Thomas, Werner. 1958a. “Zum Ausdruck der Komparation beim tocharischen Adjektiv.” Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 75: 129–69.

Thomas 1968b

Thomas, Werner. 1968b. “Zur Verwendung von toch. A oki/B ramt und A mäṃtne/B mäkte in Vergleichen.” Orbis 17: 198–231.

Thomas 1983a

Thomas, Werner. 1983a. Der tocharische Obliquus im Sinne eines Akkusativs der Richtung. Abhandlungen d. Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Klasse 6. Mainz: Verlag d. Akad. d. Wissenschaften und d. Literatur.

Thomas 1986

Thomas, Werner. 1986. “Zur Stellung von toch. A nuṃ, B nano ‘wieder’ innerhalb des Satzes.” Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 99: 117–46.

Thomas 1990

Thomas, Werner. 1990. Tocharische Maitreya-Parallelen aus Hami. Vol. 1. SbWGF. Stuttgart: Steiner.

Thomas 2003

Thomas, Werner. 2003. “Bemerkungen zu den ‘Fragments of the Tocharian A Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka’.” Indogermanische Forschungen 108: 305–29.

TITUS

Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”