Announcements

  • The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.

Work in progress

A 395

Known as:A 395; THT 1029
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling; Adrian Musitz. "A 395". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-a395 (accessed 25 Feb. 2024).

Edition

Editor:Gerd Carling; Adrian Musitz

Provenience

Main find spot:Siŋgim
Expedition code:T II S 58.1
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Language:TA
Script:late

Text contents

Text genre:Literary
Meter:M20_22_10_15

Object

Manuscript:A 395-396
Leaf number:40-9
Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Number of lines:5

Images

Images from titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de by courtesy of the Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS).

Transliteration

a1ne wa ṣta lmo ṣñi «†[la]» śna cwe klyo miṃ ma rta preṃ pri ya da tteṃ kā pñe se ṣu rma¯ ¯s̝ klo paṃ tsu¯ ¯ts ma ska tā¯ ¯r pu¯ ¯k wra maṃ s̝a pnā nā pa¯ ¯kma ska ntra ṣñi ke kwa saṃ se ṣo kyo pa [ta] [ta] ma
a2ne¯ ¯s̝ cmo lwā ṣi nā¯ ¯s kra¯ ¯nt • pñi ntwā śśi plyā¯ ¯k ṣo tre pra¯ ¯nt ṣa ka tse¯ ¯k ca¯ ¯m ñä kta¯ ¯ñä pā saṃ traṃ ñā tse ya¯ ¯cä mā ku mnä¯ ¯s̝ ta myo pa ltska¯ ¯s̝ tsru caṃ klo¯ ¯p sa ñce wi
a3kā lu ne yaṃ ka lkāṃ tsru cäṃ ko nä śśi ka tkā lu ne yā ce¯ ¯m pri ya da tte¯ ¯s nā pa kka lko¯ ¯s̝ ma nä rkā¯ ¯ñä sā ke¯ ¯t ya cye¯ ¯ñcä pri ya da tte¯ ¯s eṃ tsā lu ne pra se na ji
a4lā nta cwā lu ne mā cri pā cri pkā[¯] [¯k] ā kṣi ñā¯ ¯rta mka klyu ṣu ra¯ ¯s̝ ce¯ ¯m pri ya da tte¯ ¯s pā ca rmā ca rca¯ ¯m klo pyo i me cra ka¯ ¯r tri ko¯ ¯s̝ k· – – – – – – –
a5ntaṃ i me ka lwā¯ ¯ts śe rtmāṃ kā lta¯ ¯ṅk tā smāṃ ṣñi ko ta rkā ma¯ ¯r kro pa¯ ¯nt a lyke¯ ¯s śkaṃ mā kwra sa śśä¯ ¯l sā ke ta¯ ¯s̝ pre lcra śrā va stya¯ ¯cä ysi o [s]ā – – – – – – – – –
b1¯s̝ kla ṅko¯ ¯s̝ kau sa lṣiṃ wä rtaṃ a ne tsa lpa¯ ¯rtma¯ ¯s̝ ā su¯ ¯k ysi ku cyä rmaṃ mā ca mpa¯ ¯r pa lskā¯ ¯nt ku pre śrā va sti ri yaṃ a [nn]e yma¯ ¯s ṣa kka tse¯ ¯k – – – – – – – – –
b2tse klā s̝a mta myo ca¯ ¯m kau sa lṣiṃ wä¯ ¯rt ā ssu¯ ¯k mā ka tka¯ ¯r || maṃ tne ni mi ttā jñe¯ ¯s brā mnā śśi śrā va sti ri yā pre sa mma ṇḍa¯ ¯l plyo cksā¯ ¯m tma – – – – – – – –
b3rkāṃ ca mma ṇḍla¯ ¯cä kā tse wā ntaṃ ta mne¯ ¯k pa ñka¯ ¯nt o ṅka lmā¯ ¯s pa ñka¯ ¯nt yka¯ ¯s pa ñka¯ ¯t ko¯ ¯s nuna¯ ¯k ma ṇḍla ckā tse wā wo ra¯ ¯s̝ a sla ntwa¯ ¯cä śa rkra¯ ¯mtma¯ ¯k – – –
b4ra pe yä ntu ya si o sā¯ ¯nt tma¯ ¯s̝ prā mnā¯ ¯ñä pre ya da tteṃ ma ṅka lṣi nā¯ ¯s wra ntu yo yā yru ra¯ ¯s̝ ma ṇḍlaṃ ywā rckā wā wo ra¯ ¯s̝ ca mi se pa lyo ta lke ya si ā rwā rtā ka
b5rṣñi ke kce¯ ¯m brā mnā¯ ¯ñä || sū bhā dre naṃ || le tkā¯ ¯r ke tu ntwa¯ ¯cä yā mra winā ṣlne o ta¯ ¯k gra ha ntwa¯ ¯cä ta mne¯ ¯k «†kna» nuna¯ ¯k yā mra • lyu krā pa¯ ¯k wi ki oka tpi ni kṣā tra ntwa¯ ¯cä winā

Transcription

a1 ne waṣtä lmo ṣñi śnac we klyomiṃ mar täpreṃ priyadatteṃ kāpñe se ṣurmaṣ klopaṃtsuts mäskatār puk wramäṃ ṣäpnā nāpak mäskanträ ṣñikek wasäṃ se ṣokyo patatam«†ä»
a2 neṣ cmolwāṣinās krant • pñintwāśśi plyāk ṣotre prant ṣak atsek cam ñäktañ pāsaṃtr-äṃ ñātseyac kumnäṣ tämyo pältskäṣ tsrucaṃ klop sañce wi-
a3 -kāluneyaṃ kälkā-ṃ tsrucäṃ konäśśi kätkāluneyā cem priyadattes nāpak kälkoṣ manärkāñ sāket «ri»yac yeñc priyadattes eṃtsālune prasenaji
a4 lāntac wālune mācri pācri pkāk ākṣiñārtäm kaklyuṣuräṣ cem priyadattes pācar mācar cam klopyo ime crakär trikoṣ k· – – – – – – –
a5 ntaṃ ime kälwāts śertmāṃ kāltaṅk tāsmāṃ ṣñi kotär kāmar kropant alykes śkaṃ māk wrasaśśäl sāketäṣ pre lcrä śrāvastyac ysi osā(nt) – – – – – – – –
b1 kläṅkoṣ kausalṣiṃ wärtaṃ ane tsalpartmäṣ āsuk ysi kuc yärmaṃ campär pälskānt kupre śrāvasti riyaṃ anne ymäs ṣakk atsek – – – – – – – – (ñā)-
b2 -tse klāṣ-äm tämyo cam kausalṣiṃ wärt āssuk katkarmäṃt ne nimittājñes brāmnāśśi śrāvasti riyā pre säm maṇḍal plyocksā-m tmä – – – – – – – –
b3 rkāṃ cam maṇḍlac kātse wāntaṃ tämnek päñ känt oṅkälmās päñ känt ykas päñ kä«n»t kos nunak maṇḍlac kātse wāworäṣ asläntwac śarkr-äm • tmäk – – –
b4 rapeyäntu yasi osānt tmäṣ prāmnāñ preyadatteṃ maṅkalṣinās wräntuyo yāyruräṣ maṇḍlaṃ ywārckā wāworäṣ cami sepalyo talke yasi ārwār tāka-
b5 -r ṣñikek cem brāmnāñsūbhādrenaṃ
1a letkār ketuntwac ; yāmrä wināṣlne ; o{täk/kät} grahantwac ; tämnek nunak yāmrä •
1b lyukrā «nā»pak ; wiki okät pi ; nikṣāträntwac ; wi

Translation

a3 ... by the passing of the days ...
a3+ the abduction of Priyadatta and his transfer to king Prasenajit they announced in full to the father and mother ...
a5 ... crying [and] beating the drum, they gathered their family and went, together with many other people, out from the city of Sāketa ...
b1 ... fighting they entered the forest of Kosala. Then they could not come further away at all. They thought to themselves:
b1+ “Should we go into the city of Śrāvastī? Certainly … danger will fall on us!”
b2 Therefore they did not pass through this forest of Kosala ...
b2+ ... they led him close to the magic circle;
b3 after having led five hundred elephants, five hundred horses [and] five hundred cattle close to the magical circle they tied them to the [sacrificial] posts
b4+ ... thereupon the Brahmins ... got ready to prepare his sacrifice with grease ...
b5 The brahmins paid homage separately to the stars (i.e., to each star) [and] indeed to the eight planets; in this way precisely they did again ...

Other

a1 So sprach der Haushalter zu seiner Frau: "Edle! Sei nicht so traurig wegen deines lieben Sohnes Priyadatta! Nicht treffen [wtl. sind] alle Dinge dem Traum entsprechend ein!" (Schmidt 1974: 110)
a2 Gewiss schützen ihn die Götter, [und] er wird nicht in Not kommen. (Schmidt 1974: 403)
a4+ Als die Eltern Priyadattas das gehört hatten, verloren sie über d[ies]em Schmerz die Besinnung. Ohnmächtig geworden, ... erlangten sie die Besinnung durchaus (nicht so bald) wieder. (Schmidt 1974: 89, 124-5, 195-6)
b1+ … (so) arguing they entered the Kosala forest. Then they could by no means go any further and thought, «Will we enter the town Śrāvasti? Certainly … danger will fall on us!». Therefore they did not cross the Kosala forest any further. (Peyrot 2013b: 224)
b1+ Sicherlich wird uns (dieser Weg(?)) ... Gefahr bringen. (Schmidt 1974: 389)
b2+ Als der Zauberkreis den nimittakundigen Brahmanen vor der Stadt Śrāvastī hervortrat(?), führten sie sogleich ... den Brahmanenknaben an den Zauberkreis heran. (Schmidt 1974: 386)

Commentary

Remarks

Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).
Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.

References

Online access

IDP: THT 1029; TITUS: THT 1029

Transliteration

Thomas and Krause 1964

Miscellaneous

Edition

Sieg and Siegling 1921: 219-220; Sieg and Siegling 1921 p. 219, p. 220

Translations

Carling 2000: a1 (337), a2 (240), a3 (162, 337, 360), a3 a4 (235), a5 (342), b1 (342), b2 b3 (338, 353), b3 (73), b4 (347); Hackstein 1995: a2 (134, 174), a2 a3 (134), a3 (134), b4 (318); Knoll 1996: a1 (32), a5 (125), b4 (42); Kölver 1965: a1 (130, 148), a2 (82), a3 (79), a5 (71, 131), b2 (67), b4 (21, 132); Thomas and Krause 1964: a5 (34); Peyrot 2013b: b1 b2 (225), b1 b2 (224); Schmidt 1974: a1 (110), a2 (403), a4 a5 (89, 124f, 195f), a4 a5 (89, 124-5, 195-6), b1 b2 (389), b2 (389), b2 b3 (386); Thomas 1952: b4 (63); Thomas 1954: b1 (722), b4 (718), b4 (743); Thomas 1957: a1 (126), a2 (126f), a3 (126f), a4 (126f), a5 (126f), b1 (126f), b2 (126f, 233), b2 b3 (233), b2 b3 b4 (127); Thomas 1958: a1 (299); Thomas 1969c: a3 (203); Thomas 1975: a1 (310); Thomas 1983: a2 a3 (35), a3 a4 (28), a5 (40), b1 (40), b1 (44), b3 (44), b4 (44); Thomas 1986: b3 (128), b5 (138); Thomas 1988: a1 (254); Thomas 1990: b1 (9)

Bibliography

Carling 2000

Carling, Gerd. 2000. Die Funktion der lokalen Kasus im Tocharischen. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.

Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

IDP

“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Knoll 1996

Knoll, Gabriele. 1996. “Die Verwendungsweisen der Adjektive im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Frankfurt am Main.

Kölver 1965

Kölver, Bernhard. 1965. “Der Gebrauch der sekundären Kasus im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Frankfurt am Main.

Peyrot 2013b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013b. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Göttingen.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.

TITUS

Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”

Thomas 1952

Thomas, Werner. 1952. Die tocharischen Verbaladjektive auf -l. Deutsche Akad. der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Institut für Orientforschung 9. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

Thomas 1954

Thomas, Werner. 1954. “Die Infinitive im Tocharischen.” In Asiatica. Festschrift Friedrich Weller. Zum 65. Geburtstag, gewidmet von seinen Freunden, Kollegen und Schülern, edited by Johannes Schubert and Ulrich Schneider, 701–64. Leipzig: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1958

Thomas, Werner. 1958. “Zum Gebrauch des prohibitiven mar bzw. im Tocharischen.” Central Asiatic Journal 3: 289–308.

Thomas 1969c

Thomas, Werner. 1969c. “Zu den Ausdrücken für Tag und Nacht im Tocharischen.” Central Asiatic Journal 13: 199–206.

Thomas 1975

Thomas, Werner. 1975. “Zum Problem des Prohibitivs im Indogermanischen.” In Dialogos. Für Harald Patzer zum 65. Geburtstag von seinen Freunden und Schülern, edited by Justus Cobet, Rüdiger Leimbach, and Ada B. Neschke-Hentschke, 307–23. Wiesbaden: Steiner.

Thomas 1983

Thomas, Werner. 1983. Der tocharische Obliquus im Sinne eines Akkusativs der Richtung. Abhandlungen d. Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Klasse 6. Mainz: Verlag d. Akad. d. Wissenschaften und d. Literatur.

Thomas 1986

Thomas, Werner. 1986. “Zur Stellung von toch. A nuṃ, B nano ‘wieder’ innerhalb des Satzes.” Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 99: 117–46.

Thomas 1988

Thomas, Werner. 1988. “Toch. AB säm-/läm- ‘sitzen’ in transitivem Gebrauch.” Central Asiatic Journal 32: 244–59.

Thomas 1990

Thomas, Werner. 1990. Tocharische Maitreya-Parallelen aus Hami. Vol. 1. SbWGF. Stuttgart: Steiner.

Thomas and Krause 1964

Thomas, Werner, and Wolfgang Krause. 1964. Tocharisches Elementarbuch, Band II. Texte und Glossar. Heidelberg: Winter.