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A 17

Known as:A 17; THT 650
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling; Adrian Musitz (translation commentary). "A 17". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-a17 (accessed 16 Jul. 2024).

Edition

Editor:Gerd Carling; Adrian Musitz (translation commentary)

Provenience

Main find spot:Shorchuk
Specific find spot:Stadthöhle
Expedition code:T III Š 72.17
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection

Language and Script

Language:TA
Script:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Puṇyavantajātaka
Passage:q
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Jātaka/Avadāna
Verse/Prose:prose; verse
Meter:M12

Object

Manuscript:A 1-54
Preceding fragment:A 16
Following fragment:A 18
Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Number of lines:6

Images

Images from titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de by courtesy of the Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS).

Transliteration

(continues from A 16)

a1rsnā¯ ¯l : ku sne śi lpa vāṃ ṣe s̝sa¯ ¯m a ni ru ddhe ka rsnā¯ ¯l : ku sne pra jña vāṃ ṣe s̝sa¯ ¯mpa¯ ¯rk śā ri pu ttra ka
a2rsnā¯ ¯l ku sne tā mpra ṣṭaṃ pu ṇya vāṃ ṣe s̝sa mna ṣṣe¯ ¯m tā mpra¯ ¯s̝t pe nu na¯ ¯s̝ pñi ṣiṃ ta mpe yo pu¯ ¯k ā lyke¯ ¯s
a3sa ṣlyu tā rnāṃ tsu ra¯ ¯s̝ sne ske lā ntu ne eṃ tse tā pa rkpe nu pñi ṣi nā sta mpe yä ntu yo wa śi rṣ[i]· –
a4– nā lmo sne ske kka¯ ¯ts ta ryā ka kpi ko ri¯ ¯s ko traṃ twā mā rñä kte sra ta kyu ko ra¯ ¯s̝ pu¯ ¯k ma rka m –
a5– – kā kma rti kāṃ sne lyu tā¯ ¯r ktse¯ ¯ts pu tti śpa raṃ ṣiṃ ca kra va rti lā ntu ne ka lpe || ha ri «ṇa» plu naṃ || pñi ntu –
a6– l[k]ā tsi kā swe ma ska ta¯ ¯r : pñi ntu yo pa lka¯ ¯s̝ a mo kci ñcä rwra sa śśi : pñi ṣiṃ śmoṃ ññe yo a ta – –
b1– – – ·mu ne : pñi ṣiṃ ta mpe yo mā tsra ṣṣu ne ku la ta¯ ¯r : pñi ntu yo koṃ ñka tma ñka tyu knā¯ ¯s̝ e pre ra· –
b2– ·tu yo ma ñka¯ ¯t śre[¯] [¯s] gra hä ntu s̝a rka s̝tra : ke ne pñi ntu ne¯ ¯ñcä ca mi suku ntu ṣña ka lyme : pñi ntu –
b3ptā ñka¯ ¯t yä rkā ypa māṃ ya ta ta¯ ¯r : 2 ta myo ptā ñkte yä¯ ¯rk ska ma tya¯ ¯l knā nmā ntā¯ ¯p : snyā ñu –
lf70-·
b4¯k ya tsi ske na¯ ¯l ptā ñkte tsra ṣi śśi : ptā ñka tka ṣṣi naṃ yä rk«a»¯ ¯nt ri tws̝a¯ ¯l a mo ktsā¯ ¯p : ptā ñ·
b5yä rkaṃ tyo kā wä lte nā¯ ¯p [mā] siṃ s̝a¯ ¯l : 3 || taṃ ne wka nyo knā nmu ne pñi ntwä¯ ¯s̝ pkapa lka¯ ¯s̝ ṣya kka – (–)
b6tnu ṣo kyo pa lke tsā ñma skaṃ tra ta myo to¯ ¯m pka¯ ¯nt pka¯ ¯nt sa mbhā rntu we wñu¯ ¯nt ce sa mnu wu sa mbhā rṣi na

(continues on A 18)

Transcription

(continues from A 16)

lf(80-1) 70(-2)
(kä)-
a1-rsnāl : kus ne śilpavāṃ ṣeṣ säm aniruddhe kärsnāl : kus ne prajñavāṃ ṣeṣ säm tāpärk śāriputträ kä-
a2-rsnāl kus ne tām praṣṭaṃ puṇyavāṃ ṣeṣ säm näṣ ṣem tām praṣt penu näṣ pñiṣiṃ tampeyo puk ālykes (wra)-
a3-säṣ lyutār nāṃtsuräṣ sne ske lāntune eṃtse tāpärk penu pñiṣinās tampeyäntuyo waśirṣi(ṃ) (ā)-
a4-(sā)nā lmo sne ske-kk ats taryāk-ṣäk-pi koris koträṃtwā mār-ñäktes ratäk yukoräṣ puk märkam(pa…)
a5n1 – – kākmärtikāṃ sne lyutār ktsets puttiśparäṃṣiṃ cakravarti lāntune kälpehariṇaplunaṃ
1apñintua6 – ; lkātsi kāswe ; mäskatär :
1bpñintuyo pälkäṣ ; amok ciñcär ; wrasaśśi :
1cpñiṣiṃ śmoṃññeyo ; atä(ṅkät) (lukäṣ) ; b1 (knān)mune :
1dpñiṣiṃ tampeyo ; tsraṣṣune ; kulatär : «1»
2apñintuyo koṃ-ñkät ; mañkät yuknāṣ ; eprera(ṃ) (:)
2bb2 (pñin)tuyo mañkät ; śres grahäntu ; ṣärkäṣträ :
2cke ne pñintu neñc ; cami sukuntu ; ṣñ= akälyme :
2dpñintub3 ptāñkät ; yärkā ypamāṃ ; yatatär : n2 2
3atämyo ptāñkte ; yärk skamat yal ; knānmāntāp :
3bsny āñub4 k yatsi ; skenal ptāñkte ; tsraṣiśśi :
3cptāñkät käṣṣinaṃ ; yärkant ritwṣäl ; amoktsāp :
3dptāñ(kte) b5 yärkaṃtyo ; kāwältenāp ; siṃṣäl : 3 ॥
taṃne wkänyo knānmune pñintwäṣ pkä pälkäṣ ṣyakk a(ts) (pa)-
b6-t nu ṣokyo pälketsāñ mäskaṃträ tämyo tom pkänt pkänt sambhārntu wewñunt cesäm nu wu sambhārṣinä(s) (ṣä)-
-(k)

(continues on A 18)

Translation

(continues from A 16)

a1he who was Śilpavān is [now] to be known as Aniruddha.
a1+He who was Prajñavān, is now to be known as Śāriputra.
a2He who at that time was Puṇyavān, I was he.
a2+Also at that time by the power of virtue I surpassed all other beings, and without effort reached royal dignity.
a3+Even now, by the power of virtue I sit upon the diamond throne, I have [also], without effort, defeated the army of the god Māra [consisting] of 36 times 10 million family members, and the dignity of the king of the world, the unsurpassable, perfect Buddhahood, ruling all dharmas, I have reached.
a5|| In the H.-tune: ||
a5+through virtue (beauty) is fine to look at;
a6through virtue the craft of the beings is lovely to look at;
a6+through the foundation of virtue, unch(ecked shines) (wis)dom;
b1through the power of virtue, energy does not weaken. Through virtue the sun defeats the moon in the airspace;
b2by merits the moon surpasses the stars and the planets; he who possesses virtue, this one owns the goods of happiness;
b2+through virtue the venerated Buddha is powerful.
b3Therefore the veneration of the Buddha shall ever be carried out by the wise one;
b4incessantly the energetic ones shall strive to carry out veneration of the Buddha; at the Buddha, the master, the skilled one shall direct veneration;
b4+the handsome one should not tire of homages to the Buddha.
b5In this way wisdom without virtue does not shine,
b5+or rather, only together they are especially bright.
b6Therefore they are themselves called Sambhāras. These two Sambhāras’ (six)

(continues on A 18)

Other

b1Durch die Kraft der Tugendhaftigkeit lässt die Energie nicht nach. (Schmidt 1974: 103)
b1+Durch die Tugendhaftigkeit besiegt die Sonne den Mond im Luftraum, durch die Tugendhaftigkeit übertrifft der Mond die Sterne [und] Planeten. (Schmidt 1974: 511)
b2+Durch die Tugendhaftigkeit wird man [wtl. ist man fähig] zu dem mit Verehrung behandelten Buddha. (Schmidt 1974: 111-2)
b6+In den sechs Pāramitās [vollkommenen Tugenden] d[ies] er zwei Saṃbhāras aber hat sich der Buddha, der Meister, in drei Asaṃkhyeyas [und] hundert Kalpas geübt. (Schmidt 1974: 337)

Commentary

Remarks

Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).
The leaf number on the margin has been lost, but traces of a number 7(·) (for 72?) is written inside the string hole of the verso side by a different hand. Since this leaf stands in a continuous series, it actually ought to have the leaf number 81. The combination of lost margin and deviating string-hole numbering starts in A 15 and continues until A 24.

Philological commentary

The translation is largely based on Sieg 1944: 20-21, and Carling et al. 2009.
n1The tune has 4x12 syllables, rhythm 5/7.
n2i.e. the Buddha derives his power from virtues.

References

Online access

IDP: THT 650; TITUS: THT 650

Edition

Sieg and Siegling 1921: 14; Sieg and Siegling 1921 p. 14

Translations

Carling 2000: a2 (18, 287), a3 a4 (169), b1 (139), b2 (354), b3 (9), b6 (312); Hackstein 1995: a4 (99), b1 (99), b5 (295); Schmidt 1974: b1 (103), b1 b2 (511), b2 b3 (111f), b2 b3 (111-2), b6 (337), b6 A 18 a1 (337); Sieg 1944: a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 a6 b1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 (20); Thomas 1952: b3 (20), b4 (19), b5 (20); Thomas 1954: a5 a6 (740); Thomas 1957: a2 (75), a2 a3 (190), b6 (262), b6 A 18 a1 (207); Thomas 1958: b3 (292); Thomas 1958a: a2 a3 (142), b5 b6 (161); Thomas 1969: a3ff (264), b1 b2 (251); Thomas 1976: a3 a4 (228); Thomas 1981: b3 (492), b5 (495); Thomas 1991: a3 a4 a5 (19), a4 (21); Thomas 1997: a2 a3 (72)

Bibliography

Carling 2000

Carling, Gerd. 2000. Die Funktion der lokalen Kasus im Tocharischen. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.

Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

IDP

“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD, Universität Göttingen.

Sieg 1944

Sieg, Emil. 1944. Übersetzungen aus dem Tocharischen I. Abhandl. d. Preußischen Akad. d. Wissenschaften, Jg. 1943, Phil.-Hist. Kl. 16. Berlin: Akad. d. Wissenschaften.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Personal annotated copy of Wilhelm Siegling. Scanned by Douglas Q. Adams with the technical assistance of Michael Tarabulski and Kevin Dobbins. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.

Thomas 1952

Thomas, Werner. 1952. Die tocharischen Verbaladjektive auf -l. Deutsche Akad. der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Institut für Orientforschung 9. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

Thomas 1954

Thomas, Werner. 1954. “Die Infinitive im Tocharischen.” In Asiatica. Festschrift Friedrich Weller. Zum 65. Geburtstag, gewidmet von seinen Freunden, Kollegen und Schülern, edited by Johannes Schubert and Ulrich Schneider, 701–64. Leipzig: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1958

Thomas, Werner. 1958. “Zum Gebrauch des prohibitiven mar bzw. im Tocharischen.” Central Asiatic Journal 3: 289–308.

Thomas 1958a

Thomas, Werner. 1958a. “Zum Ausdruck der Komparation beim tocharischen Adjektiv.” Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 75: 129–69.

Thomas 1969

Thomas, Werner. 1969. “Bemerkungen zum Gebrauch von toch. A ptāñkät [B pañäkte, pudñäkte], A koṃ [B kauṃ]: A koṃñkät [B kauṃñäkte] usw.” Orbis 18: 235–68.

Thomas 1976

Thomas, Werner. 1976. “Zur tocharischen Entsprechung von skt. tāyin.” Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 89: 221–30.

Thomas 1981

Thomas, Werner. 1981. “Indogermanisches in der Syntax des Tocharischen: Zum Ausdruck eines Gebotes und Verbotes.” In Festschrift der Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft an der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, 481–97.

Thomas 1991

Thomas, Werner. 1991. Zwei weitere Maitreya-Fragmente in Tocharisch A. Vol. 1. SbWGF, XXVIII. Stuttgart: Steiner.

Thomas 1997

Thomas, Werner. 1997. Interpretationsprobleme im Tocharischen. Unflektiertes A puk, B po “ganz, all, jeder”. Vol. 3. SbWGF, XXXV. Stuttgart: Steiner.

TITUS

Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/texte/tocharic/thtframe.htm.