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YQ III.3

Known as:YQ III.3; YQ 1.44
Cite this page as:"YQ III.3". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-yqiii3 (accessed 23 Jun. 2024).

Provenience

Main find spot:Qigexing
Collection:Xinjiang Museum (Ürümchi)

Language and Script

Language:TA
Script:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka
Passage:Act 3.3
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Drama
Verse/Prose:prose; verse

Object

Manuscript:Yanqi
Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Number of lines:8

Images

Transliteration

a1/// kśo¯ ¯nt a kri tā ni kā¯ ¯ñä • e ṅka lsu¯ ¯nt ma ska ntra • wce
a2/// pa lko kuli wra so miṃ pā pṣu ne yi¯ ¯s wa rsnāṃ tsu¯ ¯s̝ • ä ñcaṃ
a3/// ka lyta¯ ¯r • ta nä ṣṣa ci ya saka nta ntu yo si ddhā rthe nā kma¯ ¯nt tra
a4/// [wā]¯ ¯ñ[ä] si dā rtheṃ kā¯ ¯ts kā ma¯ ¯nt kule wā ñta ta mṣā ntaṃ • kule wā ñpyā ṣtṣā nta
a5/// ·tra || tma¯ ¯s̝ ṣo maṃ tra ṅki¯ ¯ñcä ṣu¯ ¯rm pa lko ra¯ ¯s̝ ptā ññä kta ñṣo me swra sa śśi
a6/// [ta] myo ma rwa sśā rwre¯ ¯s śā kke śśi ra ke yā ma rka mpa¯ ¯l klyo ṣlu ne yä¯ ¯s̝ ṣkā rā
a7/// mnā śśi pā ka rna slu ne • o ka¯ ¯t sne ke tkaṃ saṃ sa¯ ¯s tsa lpo¯ ¯nt wa sna sa ma¯ ¯s
a8/// ka kmu¯ ¯nt wa¯ ¯s • na ṣnu mā nā ka ñta rta myo pi cä kka tswa sma rka mpa¯ ¯l klyo
b1/// [n]ā¯ ¯ñä kule wā¯ ¯ñä ptā ñka tka ṣṣi na cka lka¯ ¯r ptā ñka tka ṣṣi kule wā śśi pa ltsa
b2/// śśi kā swo ne ytu • wa¯ ¯s̝t e kra mā ype¯ ¯ñcä • kā kro pu¯ ¯nt a kaṃ tsu ne
b3/// [s]ma śśä¯ ¯l wa ñi wa ṅke ṣi su kwä rpnā ntra • kule wā sa¯ ¯s̝ ptā ñä kta ñpra tti ka ptā
b4/// [ra]¯ ¯s̝ kā tkmāṃ nāṃ tsu¯ ¯nt kule wā ñtra ṅki¯ ¯ñcä hi¯ ¯śtä tā ki¯ ¯s̝ ṣtā kkru kke śśi ku
b5/// rki śo ṣṣaṃ kā swo ne ṣi wā ka mṣe¯ ¯s̝ • sa¯ ¯m pkā¯ ¯k ptā ñka tka ṣṣi wa saṃ tra
b6/// ¯l klyo saṃ sa ma¯ ¯s || tma¯ ¯s̝ ptā ñka tka ṣṣi śā kke ṣi nā śśi ta mne
b7/// ma rka mpa laṃ s̝a¯ ¯k tmāṃ pa raka lpā¯ ¯nt • tri tma rka mpa laṃ śtwa rtmāṃ
b8/// ka¯ ¯lp spā rtu ku cne ta¯ ¯m • tri ma rka mpa¯ ¯l ā kṣi ñlu ne yaṃ •

Transcription

a1n1n2 /// (seni)k śont akritānikāñeṅkalsunt mäskanträwce
a2n3 /// pälko kuli wrasomiṃ pāpṣuneyis wars nāṃtsuṣäñcaṃ-
a3-(ne)n4 /// kälytärtanäṣṣ aci yasäṃ käntantuyo siddhārthe nākmant trä-
a4-(ṅkäṣ)n5 /// (kule)wāñ sidārtheṃ kāts kāmant kulewāñ tatämṣānt-äṃkulewāñ pyāṣtṣānt-äṃ
a5n6 /// (nākäṣ)trätmäṣ ṣomaṃ träṅkiñc ṣurm pälkoräṣ ptāññäktañ ṣomes wrasaśśi
a6n7 /// tämyo mar was śārwres śākkeśśi rakeyā märkampal klyoṣluneyäṣ ṣkārā
a7n8 /// (wra)mnāśśi pākär nasluneokät sne ke tkaṃsaṃ säs tsälpont was nasamäs
a8n9 /// kakmunt wasnaṣ nu nākäñtär tämyo pic-äkk ats was märkampal klyo-
b1-(ssi)n10 /// (śākkeṣi)nāñ kulewāñ ptāñkät käṣṣinac kalkar ptāñkät käṣṣi kulewāśśi pältsä-
b2-(k) /// (kulewā)śśi kāswoneytuwaṣt ekrä ypeñckākropunt akäṃtsune-
b3-(ytu)n11n12 /// (to)smaśśäl wañi waṅkeṣi suk wärpnānträkulewāsäṣ ptāñäktañ prattika-ptā-
b4-(ñäktañ)n12n13 /// (kaklyuṣu)räṣ kātkmāṃ nāṃtsunt kulewāñ träṅkiñc hiśt tākiṣ ṣtākkrukkeśśi ku-
b5-(sne)n14 /// (ā)rkiśoṣṣaṃ kāswoneṣi wākäm ṣeṣsäm pkā-k ptāñkät käṣṣi wasäṃ trä-
b6-(ṅkäṣ)n15 /// (märkampa)l klyosäṃsamästmäṣ ptāñkät käṣṣi śākkeṣināśśi tämne
b7n16n17 (wkänyo) /// (wät) märkampalaṃ ṣäk tmāṃ paräṃ kälpānttrit märkampalaṃ śtwar tmāṃ
b8/// kälp spārtu kuc ne tämtri märkampal ākṣiñluneyaṃ

Translation

a1...
a1... they are ... (without) conscience, ungrateful, [and] passionate.
a1+... having looked at ... Woman (and) female being have become a stain on moral conduct.
a2+Where ... (does not) remain (pure).
a3+Starting with all that, Siddhārtha tells sins of yours by the hundreds.
a4Women have carried Siddhārtha in their womb, women have given birth to him, women have raised him.
a5... he blames? || Then some women say:
a5+Having seen the reason, the Buddhas (blame the defects) of some living beings.
a6+Therefore do not (send) us back from hearing the Law because of words of the arrogant Śākyas!
a7... the becoming revealed of (six rare) things.
a7+We have been liberated concerning the eight chanceless places.
a8We have come (to meet the Buddha-god the teacher). May he not put blame on us! Therefore let us go
a8+to listen to the Law!
b1The (Śākya) women went to the Buddha-god the teacher.
b1+The Buddha-god the teacher (understood) the thought of the women.
b2... (five) virtues of women: They do not make the house empty,
b2+the accumulated possessions ...
b3... together with them the men enjoy the pleasure of beauty and pleasant talk.
b3+From women, Buddhas, Pratyekabuddhas, ... (have come into the world).
b4Having heard that, and having become glad, the women say:
b4+Shame on the denouncers, who ...
b5(who) was the paragon of virtue in the world,
b5+he the Buddha-god teacher speaks to us in every way.
b6... we will hear the Law!
b6+|| Thereupon the Buddha-god the teacher (preached the Law) in such a way to the Śākya women.
b7(the second time), at the teaching of the Law, sixty thousand obtained the glory.
b7+The third time, at the teaching of the Law, forty thousand ...
b8... profit came their way, as follows: three times at the teaching of the Law ...

Other

a8He will not put blame on us, let us therefore go to listen to the law! (Peyrot 2013b: 223)
b4Shame be on the denouncers, who … (cf 157) (Peyrot 2013b: 239)

Commentary

Linguistic commentary

The commentary is adapted from Ji et al. 1998: 158.
n1The restored collocation (seni)k śont is the nominative feminine plural of TA senik śo, for which see Sieg et al. 1931: 322; cf. also TB senik śawa (THT 534: a3).
n7śārwres is the accusative plural masculine of TA śārwär*, the equivalent of TB śarware 'arrogant'; cf. MaitrHami 3, 3 b1-2.
n8In this context, the formsäs cannot be the nominative singular masculine of the demonstrative. It may be a postposition governing the locative, to be translated tentatively ‘with respect to’.
n9The collocation naṣ nākäm in YQ I.3: b6 suggests that naṣ may be very close in meaning to nākäm ‘blame’. In the present passage, naṣ occurs in combination with the verb nāk-; it may be used as a quasi internal object of ‘to blame’.
n13The form ṣtākkrukkeśśi is genitive plural, probably of a deverbative compound similar in structure to TA ri-pāṣe ‘protector of the city’. The first element ṣtāk may permit an analysis as ā-case extended by emphatic -k of ṣät ‘downwards’; it cannot be decided whether the verb stem involved is to be identified as kruk- or ruk-. If one wants to consider the possibility that -kk- in the verbal part of the compound was assimilated to the first occurrence of -kk-, -rukke* could be derived from a -rutke*, on the root rutk- ‘fortbewegen’, which would mean that the meaning of the compound could be reconstructed as ‘one who is moving someone down’.

Parallel texts

MaitrHami 3, 3-4

Remarks

This fragment contains part of the third act of the Maitreyasamitināṭaka; an Uy. parallel is MaitrHami III, 3a11-4a15. See also Pinault 1999: 196-7.
The translation and the following commentary are adapted from Ji et al. 1998: 158.

Philological commentary

n2The beginning of this leaf corresponds to MaitrHami 3, 3 a11, and the last line to 4 a15.
n3This sentence is not matched exactly by the Uyghur text, cf. MaitrHami 3, 3 a16-17.
n4Cf. MaitrHami 3, 3 a19-20.
n5Cf. MaitrHami 3, 3 a23ff.
n6Cf. MaitrHami 3, 3 a29f.
n10Cf. MaitrHami 3, 3 b12ff.
n11Cf. MaitrHami 3, 3 b22-24.
n12Cf. MaitrHami 3, 3 b24-25
n14pkāk: Schmidt's (Schmidt 1999b: 281) correction to pukāk cannot be confirmed.
n15Cf. MaitrHami 3, 4 a3ff.
n16Cf. MaitrHami 3, 4 a7.
n17kalpānt\: reading corrected after Schmidt 1999b: 281.

References

Edition

Ji et al. 1998

Translations

Peyrot 2013b: a8 (223), b4 (239)

Bibliography

Ji et al. 1998

Ji, Xianlin, Werner Winter, and Georges-Jean Pinault. 1998. Fragments of the Tocharian A Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka of the Xinjiang Museum, China. Transliterated, translated and annotated by Ji Xianlin in collaboration with Werner Winter, Georges-Jean Pinault. TLSM 113. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.

Peyrot 2013b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013b. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Pinault 1999

Pinault, Georges-Jean. 1999. “Restitution du Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka en tokharien A: Bilan provisoire et recherches complémentaires sur l’acte XXVI.” Tocharian and Indo-European Studies 8: 189–240.

Schmidt 1999b

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1999b. “Review of: Fragments of the Tocharian A Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka of the Xinjiang Museum, China.” Tocharian and Indo-European Studies 8: 277–85.

Sieg et al. 1931

Sieg, Emil, Wilhelm Siegling, and Wilhelm Schulze. 1931. Tocharische Grammatik. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.