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A 221

Known as:A 221; THT 854
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling; Adrian Musitz (translation). "A 221". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-a221 (accessed 26 May 2024).

Edition

Editor:Gerd Carling; Adrian Musitz (translation)

Provenience

Main find spot:Shorchuk
Specific find spot:Stadthöhle
Expedition code:T III Š 92.25, T III Š 68.20
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection

Language and Script

Language:TA
Script:late

Text contents

Title of the work:About the Pratyekabuddha Aṅgada
Text genre:Literary
Meter:M14

Object

Manuscript:MAV-α
Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Number of lines:7

Images

Images from titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de by courtesy of the Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS).

Transliteration

lf100 5
a1kle¯ – – ñi tri¯ ¯k pa ltsa¯ ¯k e psā¯ ¯ñä a śaṃ ā kntsu ne : pa ttā ñä kte wä rpā – [a] ka ntsū ne nä ṣwä rpe : e pre ra¯ ¯s̝ wä¯ ¯rts tri ///
a2rne mā ka lpnā mā¯ ¯r : 70 7 sne klo¯ ¯p mā t[e] pkā te tu ā rki śo ṣi lu tka ssi – – klo pa su pa ṣtā kñi ca¯ ¯m klo p[aṃ] tu se [ma]· [ś]· ///
a3ma ske naṃ lya lypū ra¯ ¯s̝ pa rsa¯ ¯k prā ka rta mpe wā¯ ¯ts : 60 – ma kpra s̝taṃ sne wra ske ā ṣtraṃ lo nkaṃ ka pśa ññi ///
a4pe nuṃ nu na¯ ¯k wso ko ne yo ypā yä¯ ¯rk tmaṃ : ri tā[¯] [¯t] – – – pa tsaṃ ca s̝na¯ ¯s̝ kā swa ṣiṃ tsm· ryo : 60 9 c[mī] ///
a5a ka ntsū ne yo śā cäṃ wa ṣtaṃ ska¯ ¯m cmī – – – – – – – tsa ṣiṃ ysā ra ṣiṃ lo plu ne yo : pū¯ ¯k y[e] [t]w· ///
a6tma raṃ k[l]ā wi[¯] [¯s̝] – [s]e – – – : ñä k[c]ī – – – – – – – – – – – ·ñ· : pka lū ne yā lya lypū ri¯ ¯s ta ma¯ ¯t ä ntā ä ntā ///
a7/// ka pśa – kā tsa ṣiṃ ysā rṣū ra nyo : [ma] ///
b1/// ta mṣu rma – a ṅga de tā¯ ¯k pra tti ka pa tt·· ka¯ ¯t ///
b2sā¯ ¯m ā sk·¯ ¯cä [ra] ddh· – – – – tka¯ ¯l pu – – – – – – – – – – a ṅga de¯ ¯s wra sa¯ ¯ñä la lypu ci mplu ne : tā ke¯ ¯ñcä ///
b3tma¯ ¯s̝ kra sa¯ ¯s̝ ka ṣṣī me tra¯ ¯k mā mro – – – – – – – mne wä knā ma rka mpa¯ ¯l śpā lmeṃ kra ñcä¯ ¯nä ā r·· ///
b4tmaṃ : śtwa¯ ¯r wkaṃ kā rme tsū ne ntu ka rse ā kṣi ñlū ne yo – – – [¯k] me tra¯ ¯k pa ttā ñkte la ñce wa s̝ta¯ ¯s̝ ma rka m· l ///
b55 kuce ne wra sa¯ ¯ñä a ṅga deṃ pra tti ka ba ddhaṃ ñä ktaṃ ka ta[¯] [¯r] – śa ktā lyi ntu yā mtsā¯ ¯nt pñi ntu ca mṣū r[ma] ///
b6śa lpa nta¯ ¯r me tra kyā¯ ¯p kra¯ ¯nt ma rka mplaṃ : 70 6 pa ttāṃ ñä kte me tra kyā¯ ¯p – – rso¯ ¯nt ā ṣā ni kyā¯ ¯p pra ttī ka ca mpa tt·ṃ ///
b7wcaṃ – ·[kr]·¯ ¯cä : wä¯ ¯t kro¯ ¯p tso pa¯ ¯ts ma ska ta¯ ¯r ā kla ṣlye śśi tā mpra s̝taṃ – – – [tma] ṣnu na¯ ¯k me tra¯ ¯k ka ṣṣī kra ñcä¯ ¯nä yme yo ///

Transcription

lf100-5
67aa1 kle – – ñi ; trik pältsäk ; epsā-ñ aśäṃ ; ākntsune :
67bpättāñäkte ; wärpā – ; akäntsūne ; näṣ wärpe :
67cepreräṣ wärts ; tri ///
67d a2 rne ; kälpnāmār : 70{7/6}
68asne klop te ; pkāte tu ; ārkiśoṣi ; lutkässi (:)
68bklopasu ; päṣtāk ñi ; cam klopaṃ tu ; semä·ś·
68c14σ /// (:)
68d(o)a3mäskenäṃ ; lyalypūräṣ ; pärsäk prākär ; tampewāts : 60(-8)
69amäk praṣtäṃ ; sne wraske ; āṣtraṃ n1 lo{n/t}kaṃ ; kapśaññi (:)
69b/// 14σ
69c a4 pe ; nuṃ nuna-k ; wsokoneyo ; ypā yärk tmaṃ :
69dritāt – – ; (tso)patsäṃ ; caṣ näṣ kāswa;ṣiṃ tsm(ā)ryo : 60-9
70acmī /// 13σ
70b a5 akän;tsūneyo ; śācäṃ waṣtaṃ ; skam cmī – (:)
70c– – – – ; (kā)tsaṣiṃ ; ysāraṣiṃ lop;luneyo :
70dpūk yetw· /// 12σ
71a a6 t maraṃ ; klāwiṣse ; – – – :
71bñäkcī – – – – – – – – – – – 11σ ·ñ· :
71cpkalūneyā ; lyalypūris ; tamät äntā ; äntā ///
71d14σ
72aa714σ
72b /// ; kapśa – ; kātsaṣiṃ ysār ; ṣūranyo :
72c /// 13σ
72db114σ
73a /// täm ṣurma(ṣ) ; aṅgade ; tāk prattika;pätt(āñ)kät (:)
73b/// 14σ
b2sām āsk·c räddh· – – – – tkal pu – – – – – –
74a– – – – ; aṅgades ; wrasañ lalypu ; cimplune :
74btākeñc /// 12σ
74cb3 tmäṣ krasaṣ käṣ;ṣī metrak ; māmro – – ; – – – (:)
74d(tä)mne wäknā ; märkampal ; śpālmeṃ krañcän ; ār·· ///
75a13σ b4 tmaṃ :
75bśtwar wkäṃ kārme;tsūnentu ; kärse ākṣiñ;lūneyo (:)
75c– – k metrak ; pättāñkte ; läñce waṣtäṣ ; märkam(p)l· (:)
75d/// 14σ (70-) b55
76akuce ne wrasañ ; aṅgadeṃ ; prattikabad;dhaṃñäktaṃ «:»
76bkatarśäk;tālyintu ; yāmtsānt pñintu ; cam ṣūrma(ṣ) (:)
76c/// 14σ
76d b6 ; śalpantär ; metrakyāp krant ; märkamplaṃ : 70-6
77apättāṃñäkte ; meträkyāp ; – – rsont ā;ṣānikyāp «:»
77bprattīka cam ; pätt(ā)ṃ ///
77c11σ b7; wcaṃ·kr· c :
77dwät krop tsopats ; mäskatär ; ākläṣlyeśśi ; tām praṣtäṃ (:) (70-7)
78atmäṣ nuna-k met;rak käṣṣī ; krañcän ymeyo ; ///

Translation

a1My mind was confused. Ignorance covered my eyes. I enjoyed the possession that was to be enjoyed by the Buddha. ... wider than the sky... three...
a2... I do not obtain... Did you not make an attempt to make the world free of suffering? (Do not?) be pained for me! You are refuge in the pain...
a2+He, extremely strong, feared a bad deed.
a3At (the same) time, his body became without disease in purity.
a4... again and again he honored... there with joy. Sought... me (?) through the great root of virtue.
a5... may I always be born with property in a rich house. ... with smearing of blood of the stomach (?)... ... all ornament...
a6... would fall... ... divine... Where was he born throug the ripening (=consequence) of the deed? Where...
a7... body... with bloody of the stomach and sperm...
b1For that reason, Aṅgade became a pratyekabuddha.
b2... the Kuśa-grass... magica power... ... of Aṅgade... the beings, the deed, the ability... will be...
b3Then the teacher Maitreya, feeling aversion towards the world, will know... In this way, the excellent, good law...
b4... there... They will know the law by the instruction of the Buddha Maitreya... They will leave home... law...
b5Because the beings have sown seeds into the Pratyekabuddha Aṅgade (?), they have done meritorious deeds for that reason.
b6... they are liberated in the good law of Maitreya. The pratyekabuddha... of the knowing, worthy Buddha Maitreya...
b7That time, there is a second great group of disciples. Then further the teacher Maitreya... through the good way...

Other

a2Beabsichtigtest du nicht, die Welt leidlos werden zu lassen? (Schmidt 1974: 148)
b4The fourfold truths they will know through the teaching; thus they will leave the house for the law of the noble Buddha Maitreya. (cf 491) (Peyrot 2013b: 626)
b5Welche Wesen auf den Pratyekabuddha Aṅgada ... Samen streuten [und] sich aus dem Grunde Verdienste erwarben ... (Schmidt 1974: 436)

Commentary

Remarks

Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).

Philological commentary

n1I follow Carling and Pinault 2023 (s.v. lotka-) in reading āṣtraṃ as a locative noun, since the feminine plural meaning does not make sense.

References

Online access

IDP: THT 854; TITUS: THT 854

Miscellaneous

Edition

Sieg and Siegling 1921: 109; Sieg and Siegling 1921 p. 109

Translations

Carling 2000: a5 (147); Hackstein 1995: a3 (193); Peyrot 2013b: b4 (626); Schmidt 1974: a2 (148), b5 (436); Thomas 1954: a2 (719); Thomas 1957: a2 (242), a4 (63), a6 (237), b5 b6 (222); Thomas 1958a: a3 (165); Thomas 1981: b4 (491); Thomas 1986: a4 (134), b7 (133); Thomas 1997: b3 (76)

Bibliography

Carling 2000

Carling, Gerd. 2000. Die Funktion der lokalen Kasus im Tocharischen. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.

Carling and Pinault 2023

Carling, Gerd, and Georges-Jean Pinault. 2023. Dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

IDP

“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Peyrot 2013b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013b. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” {PhD}, Universität Göttingen.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.

Thomas 1954

Thomas, Werner. 1954. “Die Infinitive im Tocharischen.” In Asiatica. Festschrift Friedrich Weller. Zum 65. Geburtstag, gewidmet von seinen Freunden, Kollegen und Schülern, edited by Johannes Schubert and Ulrich Schneider, 701–64. Leipzig: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1958a

Thomas, Werner. 1958a. “Zum Ausdruck der Komparation beim tocharischen Adjektiv.” Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 75: 129–69.

Thomas 1981

Thomas, Werner. 1981. “Indogermanisches in der Syntax des Tocharischen: Zum Ausdruck eines Gebotes und Verbotes.” In Festschrift der Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft an der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, 481–97.

Thomas 1986

Thomas, Werner. 1986. “Zur Stellung von toch. A nuṃ, B nano ‘wieder’ innerhalb des Satzes.” Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 99: 117–46.

Thomas 1997

Thomas, Werner. 1997. Interpretationsprobleme im Tocharischen. Unflektiertes A puk, B po “ganz, all, jeder”. Vol. 3. SbWGF, XXXV. Stuttgart: Steiner.

TITUS

Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/texte/tocharic/thtframe.htm.