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IOL Toch 306

Known as:IOL Toch 306; St Ch.00316.a.2; Stein Ch. 00316 a²; St.b.; PK.3.B; P2
Cite this page as:Michaël Peyrot. "IOL Toch 306". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-ioltoch306 (accessed 23 Jun. 2024).

Edition

Editor:Michaël Peyrot

Provenience

Main find spot:Unknown
Collection:British Library (London)

Language and Script

Language:TB
Linguistic stage:classical
Script:classical

Text contents

Text genre:Literary

Object

Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Size (h × w):8.9 × 25.4 cm
Number of lines:6

Images

Images from idp.bl.uk by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project and the British Library.

Transliteration

a1ñcsa • ra ska re ko yne • pi tta ṣṣe pi kwaṃ rma tse nau¯ ¯s̝ ṣo tri pka rsa so • laṃ tse ko yne ṣe¯ ¯k ma ske tra ///
a2pe rpe tte pre ma ne ra a ṅkai nya ma lle¯ ¯s̝p me lyi ta ṅki ma skeṃ ntra • i wa te ke ktseṃ ne ma ske ta rne tri [k]· ///
a3pre ke ma ske ta rne • śwā tsi mā ā ñme so mo tkaṃ ñe so so yu sa ke ktse ñe ma ske ta ·e ///
a4so kwä rma tse le śpa ṣṣe pi || ña ke sāṃ tke we ñau • co ra¯ ¯k trau nta 10 ma lkwe rne [pa] ///
a5tke || ṣa lype ku ñci ta ṣṣe • ma lkwe¯ ¯r mi¯ ¯t pa ni¯ ¯t ai se ne pa kṣa lle ywā rtsa li pā tra • ///
a6pi ppā¯ ¯l e neṃ ka tnā lle te yo ka lle kwä rma tse sāṃ tke • || ku ñcī¯ ¯t mlyo ko tau • i ra n[t]a – ///
lf90 9
b1rma ttse lau pe || pa ni ta ṣṣe ṣpe¯ ¯l ṣe pra yo¯ ¯k • we te ne se wa te • la ksai ñ[ai] – tsai ṣṣe – ///
b2śta rte • ya va kṣā¯ ¯r pi ṅkte • to¯ ¯yä pra yo ka nta ma lkwe rsa yo ka lyi kwä rma tse sāṃ tke || pi ///
b3mā su ma ske ta¯ ¯r śrā nä¯ ¯ts cwi ra no ṣo tri • we ñau • mā wa lke ññe pa¯ ¯stä yā ///
b4yā mo rmeṃ i sta kwa¯ ¯t pa¯ ¯stä yā mo rmeṃ • i sta kwa¯ ¯t pre ke sa yā mo rme· • [y]· ///
b5tso stau kka na ta rme śle ya sa rka ltra klai na¯ ¯ts preṃ tsa ynā¯ ¯ñm ya ma stra 3 ma nta kno tso e rka tse sa – ///
b6rma ske trapa śca ne le śpsa ma ske ta¯ ¯r e re ne yo lyi ya ā ñme s̝pa ma ske ta rne 4 a ṅ[k]aiṃ ///

Transcription

lf90-9
3d(ara)a1ñcsan1räskare koynepittaṣṣepi kwaṃrmatse nauṣ ṣotri pkarsasolaṃtse koyne ṣek mäsketrä /// a2 perpette premane ra aṅkain yamalle ṣp melyi taṅki mäskeṃnträiwate kektseṃne mäsketär-ne trik(au) /// a3n2 preke mäsketär-neśwātsi āñme somotkäṃñe sosoyusa kektseñe mäsketä(r-n)e /// (pkarsa)a4so kwärmatse leśpaṣṣepiñake sāṃtke weñaucorak traunta 10 malkwerne pä(kṣalle) /// (sāṃ)a5tkeṣalype kuñcitäṣṣemalkwer mit panit aisene päkṣalle ywārtsa lipāträ • /// a6 pippāl eneṃ kätnālle te yokalle kwärmatse sāṃtke • ॥ kuñcīt mlyokotauirant a – /// (kwä)b1rmattse laupepanitäṣṣe ṣpel ṣe prayokwetene se wateläksaiñai (klau)tsaiṣṣe – /// b2 śtarteyavakṣār piṅktetoy prayokänta malkwersa yokalyi kwärmatse sāṃtkepi(tta) /// b3 su mäsketär śrānäts cwi rano ṣotriweñau walkeññe päst yā(mormeṃ) /// b4 yāmormeṃ ista-k wat päst yāmormeṃista-k wat prekesa yāmorme(ṃ)y·… /// b5 tso staukkanatär-me śle yasar kalträ klainats preṃtsa ynāñm yamasträ 3
4dmäntak no tso erkatse sa – /// b6 …r mäsketräpäścane leśpsa mäsketär erene yolyiya āñme ṣpä mäsketär-ne 4
aṅkaiṃ ///

Translation

a1... by the heart, [the patient is] sharp (= acid) in the mouth. Recognise the above (lit. before) as a symptom of cancer due to gall. He always becomes light (= bitter) in the mouth, ...
a2(likewise he becomes breathless) as if carrying a burden, and he may vomit [and] his nostrils are blocked up. Anxiety (= nausea) besets his body,
a2+[he is] confused and gets (sleepy during the day at inappropriate) moments.
a3He has no appetite for food [and] his body is constantly satiated.
a3+... Recognise (the above as a symptom) of cancer due to phlegm.
a4Now I will tell the medicine. 10 trau of Trigonella corniculata are to be cooked in milk.
a4+... (This is to be drunk as) medicine (against cancer).
a5Sesame oil, milk, honey, [and] syrup are to be cooked in a vessel [so that] half [of it] remains. ...
a5+... pepper is to be strewed in –
a6this is to be drunk as a medicine against cancer.
a6+Sesame paste, castor-oil plant (are to be mixed with vinegar) as an ointment against cancer.
b1A molasses pill [is] the first (lit. one) remedy, fenugreek the second, a fish-gill pill (the third) ...
b2... the fourth, saltpetre the fifth. These remedies are to be drunk with milk as a medicine against cancer. (This tumour belongs to both) the gall (and wind.
b3It occurs in [fertile] women only [and]) it does not occur in [fertile] men. I will now tell the symptom also of this.
b3+When it has not moved (?) for a long time when it is moved, or when it is moved suddenly, or when it is moved suddenly for [some] time, ... their [i.e. of the women] abdomen grows,
b5likewise the [menstrual] blood stands still. It is by the women valued as [being] pregnant.
b5+Further the abdomen is burning hot ... becomes ...
b6[Her] breasts have (= develop) froth, [she is] pale of appearance and she gets the desire [of a pregnant woman]. Vomiting ...

Other

a2wird sich erbrechen (Schmidt 1974: 94)
a4Now I shall state the remedy (91) (Peyrot 2013b: 656)
a5Sesame oil, milk, honey, syrup should be cooked in a vessel so that half of it remains… (91) (Peyrot 2013b: 710)
a5Sesamöl, Milch, Honig [und] Syrup [sind] in Überschuss zu kochen. Die Hälfte [davon] soll übrigbleiben. (Schmidt 1974: 112)
b3I will also state the symptom [lit. sign] of it (91) (Peyrot 2013b: 656)
b5von den Frauen wird er ... gewürdigt (Schmidt 1974: 230)
b5... (nicht) wird der Penis ihnen schlaff, [sondern] steht im Blut/ steht, mit Blut [gefüllt], [und] wird von den Frauen [als] zeugungsfähig geschätzt. (Schmidt 1974: 114, 253-4)

Commentary

Remarks

Broomhead 1962: 46: "The end of the manuscript is missing, but the writing is in a perfect state of preservation. Written in medium ductus, the same hand as the preceding Stein manuscript" (IOL Toch 305).
Leaf number in the string hole space.

Philological commentary

n1kwaṃrmatse: for kwärmatse.
n2preke: possibly snai preke 'at inappropriate moments'.

References

Online access

IDP: IOL Toch 306

Edition

Peyrot 2007: №306; Couvreur 1955b: 222-224; Broomhead 1962: 46-48; Carling 2003

Translations

Carling 2000: a1 (189), b6 (211); Hackstein 1995: a5 (88); Peyrot 2013b: a4 (656), a5 (710), b3 (656); Schmidt 1974: a2 (94), a5 (112), b5 (114 and n.1), b5 (230), b5 (114, 253-4); Schmidt 1997: b3 b4 b5 b6 (246-248); Thomas 1952: b2 (23); Thomas 1957: a3 (252); Thomas 1968: a2 (213); Thomas 1979b: a4 (39); Thomas 1981: a5 (491)

Bibliography

Broomhead 1962

Broomhead, J.W. 1962. “A textual edition of the British Hoernle, Stein and Weber Kuchean manuscripts. With transliteration, translation, grammatical commentary and vocabulary. I = Edition.” PhD, Cambridge: Trinity College.

Carling 2000

Carling, Gerd. 2000. Die Funktion der lokalen Kasus im Tocharischen. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.

Carling 2003

Carling, Gerd. 2003. “New look at the Tocharian B medical manuscript IOL Toch 306 (Stein Ch.00316.a2) of the British Library — Oriental and India Office Collections.” Historische Sprachforschung 116: 75–95.

Couvreur 1955b

Couvreur, Walter. 1955b. “Die Fragmente Stein Ch. 00316 a2 und Hoernle H 149. 47 und 213.” Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung 72: 222–26.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

IDP

“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Peyrot 2007

Peyrot, Michaël. 2007. “An edition of the Tocharian fragments IOL Toch 1 – IOL Toch 822 in the India Office Library.” International Dunhuang Project. 2007. http://idp.bl.uk/database/oo_cat.a4d?shortref=Peyrot_2007.

Peyrot 2013b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013b. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD, Universität Göttingen.

Schmidt 1997

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1997. “Liebe und Sexualität im Spiegel der tocharischen Sprachzeugnisse.” In Eros, Liebe und Zuneigung in der Indogermania. Akten des Symposiums zur indogermanischen Kultur- und Altertumskunde in Graz (29. – 30. September 1994), edited by Michaela Ofitsch, 227–62. Arbeiten aus der Abteilung “Vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft” in Graz 11. Graz: Leykam.

Thomas 1952

Thomas, Werner. 1952. Die tocharischen Verbaladjektive auf -l. Deutsche Akad. der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Institut für Orientforschung 9. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1968

Thomas, Werner. 1968. “Zur Verwendung von toch. A oki/B ramt und A mäṃtne/B mäkte in Vergleichen.” Orbis 17: 198–231.

Thomas 1979b

Thomas, Werner. 1979b. Formale Besonderheiten in metrischen Texten des Tocharischen: Zur Verteilung von B tane/tne “hier” und B ñake/ñke “jetzt”. Abhandlungen d. Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Klasse 15. Mainz: Verlag d. Akad. d. Wissenschaften und d. Literatur.

Thomas 1981

Thomas, Werner. 1981. “Indogermanisches in der Syntax des Tocharischen: Zum Ausdruck eines Gebotes und Verbotes.” In Festschrift der Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft an der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, 481–97.