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THT 404

Known as:THT 404; B 404; Bleistiftnummer 2297
Cite this page as:Adrian Musitz (translation). "THT 404". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-tht404 (accessed 29 May 2024).

Edition

Editor:Adrian Musitz (translation)

Provenience

Main find spot:Shorchuk
Expedition code:T III Š 5.1
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection

Language and Script

Language:TB
Linguistic stage:classical
Script:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Unidentified story
Passage:Pīḍānusmṛti
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Jātaka/Avadāna
Verse/Prose:prose; verse

Object

Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Size (h × w):12.7 × 18.4 cm
Number of lines:8

Images

Transliteration

a1– – – a kā lka : mā ka mpa ya ptsi krui su pa knā tra ne rvā ṇä ṣ·ai ///
a2[d]·ā nu smṛ ti ñe mpa ri cche ta : 6 || || ña ke no [ka] [tk]o¯ ¯s̝ wä nta [r]· ///
a3[ndri] nta sa kauṃ me¯ ¯ñä ntsa la kutsa ceṃ[¯] [¯ts] ke ktse ñe ṣe yä : sa la mo lu wo ///
a4rm[e] rkka : ka tkau ñai sa ka ke ktse ñi po ro śyeṃ ceṃ¯ ¯ts mā ///
a5[ṣa] le [nne] mā no ma skī tra o[¯] [¯]m[p] lyau to tsro rye wa ///
a6kā śne – mā s̝pa [c]ä mpyā [r]e : 2 || tu [m]eṃ s[n]ai ke¯ ¯ś pi kwa la ka t[k]o [rm]e· ///
a7y[o]¯ ¯r wa lo mā wa sa : snai ci ta kā re o [n]o lmi c[w]ī ya po yne : ///
a8śco [k]l[ā] – lyka mce [u] [ṣñ]· ss[o] ñcä : se we [sa]ṃ¯ ¯ñä [ñ]· [kt]· – lypi ///
b1ñi[¯] [¯ś] 1 [ṣ]·¯ ¯[ñ]ä y[ä] s[n]ā – [cwi] wa lo wa sa wai pe cce [:] t[e]ṃ ntsa pśā [y]· ///
b2[w]ai pe cce [:] [3] [ka] [rts]· – – tā ka k[a] ma we s[ra] – ly[p]i ye[¯] [¯m] we sa [ñ]ra ///
b3ka śai [ṣ]·e ne 4 p[ī] ś[wä] [nt]· r· sa – – – – – – lmi [ś]au ltsa pe ///
b4[ll]· [n]tpo [s]taṃ me ñ[ä] – – – – – [t]· ne pi kwa la ś·[¯] [¯l] ///
b5[p]·e || tu meṃ a ll[e] [kka] [lymi] y· ///
b6– mā lyku [ññ]e – le : k· rt[e] wa tka skau y[ā] mts· ñä [ś]ña ke [tu] [sa] lyk[aṃ] k· w[ä] ///
b7[r]· ·[o] ā – – – y[po] yi śā mna klyau ṣā re wa lo ke ke rt[e] – mṣa [te] : [kuse] ///
b8– – – rk[i] : we sra no ña ke ke rteṃ ya ma mta¯ ¯r ści ro na ṣ[ñ]ā ra : ///

Transcription

6ba1 22σ – – – akālkä :
6cmākampa yaptsi ; krui su päknāträ ; nervāṇäṣ(ṣ)ai ; /// 11σ
6da2 18σ ; d·ānusmṛti ñem ; paricchet«†ä» : 6
॥ ॥ ñake no kätkoṣ wäntar(e) ///
1a(ṣañ) (i)a3ndrintasa ; kauṃ meñ«ä»ntsa ; lakutsa ceṃts ; kektseñe ṣeyä :
1bsalamo luwo ; /// 12σ
1ca4 15σ rmer kka :
1dkatkauñaisa ka ; kektseñi po;rośyeṃ ceṃts ; ///
2a17σ
2ba5 ṣalenne no ; mäskīträ omp ; lyauto tsror;ye wa ///
2c17σ
2d a6 ; kāśne ; ṣpä cämpyāre : 2
tumeṃ snai keś pikwala kätkorme(ṃ) ///
1a a7 yor walo ; wasa :
1bsnaici takāre ; onolmi cwī ; yapoyne :
1c/// 12σ
1d12σ
2a a8 śco ; klā(nte) lykam ceu ; ṣñ(a)ssoñcä :
2bse wesäṃñ ñ(a) kt(a) ; – lypi ///
2c12σ
2d11σ b1n1 ñiś «1/2»
3aṣ(a)ñ yäsnā cwi ; walo wasa ; waipecce :
3bteṃntsa pśāy(a) ///
3c12σ
3d b2 ; waipecce : 3
4akarts· – – tāka ; ka ma wes ra ; – lypiyem
4bwesäñ ra ///
4c12σ
4d b3 ka ; śaiṣ(ṣ)ene 4
5apīś wänt(a)r(wa)sa ; (tane) (pärskoṣ) ; (ono)lmi
5bśaultsa pe ///
5c12σ
5d b4 ll· nt postäṃ ; meñä(kte) (5)
(॥) (okt) t(ma)ne pikwala ś(au) l ///
b5p·etumeṃ allek kälymiy· ///
1a10σ b6 – ; lykuññe le :
1bk(e)rte watkäs;kau yāmts(i) ; ñäś ñake ; tusa lykaṃ ///
1c15σ
1d b7 ; ·o ā – – –
2aypoyi śāmna ; klyauṣāre ; walo ke ; kerte (yā)mṣate :
2bkuse /// 14σ
2c14σ b8– – – rki :
2dwes rano ña;ke kerteṃ ; yamamtär ; ścirona ṣñārä :

Translation

a1... wish... If he attempts to enter (the city) of Nirvāṇa with many (beings)...
a2... the exact distinction named anusmṛti... Now, the matter, having passed...
a2+Through their own senses, their body was brighter than sun (and) moon.
a3Flying animal...
a4... quickly... Through joy, their bodies prospered. ... not...
a5On the mountains, there was no cleft (or) opening...
a6... and they were incapable... Then, having passed countless years...
a7... the king did not give (gift)... The beings in his country were impoverished.
a8... they brought... to... We, seeking possessions, see him He... our... god...
b1... I... ... his own... the king gave property to him... Through that, live...!
b2... property... ... was good... Why don't we steal? Our...
b3... in the world... The beings here are afraid of five things: ... for their life...
b4... the moon... after...
b4+80 000 year... life...
b5Then, ... another direction...
b6... not... thievery... I order now to make a sword. Through that, thieves...
b7The citizens heard: "The king made a sword." Who...?
b8We will now also make swords of our own, sharp ones.

Other

b7Die Leute des Landes hörten: "Der König eben(?) hat sich ein Schwert machen lassen [wtl. hat sich gemacht] [bzw. hat das Schwert gebraucht]". (Schmidt 1974: 427)
b8We will now also make the swords of each of ours sharp. (Peyrot 2013b: 658)
b8Auch wir wollen uns jetzt - ein jeder für sich - scharfe [wtl. harte] Schwerter machen [bzw. machen lassen]. (Schmidt 1974: 428)

Commentary

Linguistic commentary

n1yäsnā: according to Sieg and Siegling 1953: 269 and Thomas 1957: 119 this should be corrected to yästār ‘the double amount each’, but Schmidt 1986: 139 would rather have it supplemented to read yäsnā(meṃ) ‘from the treasuries’.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Tamai 2011C1
Tamai 2011C14

References

Online access

IDP: THT 404; TITUS: THT 404

Edition

Sieg and Siegling 1953: 268-269

Translations

Carling 2000: a5 (128, 259), a7 (101), a8 (235); Peyrot 2013b: b8 (658); Schmidt 1974: b7 (427), b8 (428); Thomas 1954: a1 (720), b6 (731); Thomas 1957: a3 (58), a4 (50), a6 (118), a7 (119), a8 (119), b1 (119), b2 (184); Thomas 1958a: a3 (140); Thomas 1969: a3 (243); Thomas 1979b: b6 (51), b8 (50); Thomas 1983: a8 (32)

Bibliography

Carling 2000

Carling, Gerd. 2000. Die Funktion der lokalen Kasus im Tocharischen. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.

IDP

“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Peyrot 2013b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013b. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD, Universität Göttingen.

Schmidt 1986

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1986. “Fragmente eines buddhistischen Ordinationsrituals in westtocharischer Sprache. Aus der Schule der Sarvāstivādins. Text, Übersetzung, Anmerkungen und Indizes.” Habilitation.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.

Thomas 1954

Thomas, Werner. 1954. “Die Infinitive im Tocharischen.” In Asiatica. Festschrift Friedrich Weller. Zum 65. Geburtstag, gewidmet von seinen Freunden, Kollegen und Schülern, edited by Johannes Schubert and Ulrich Schneider, 701–64. Leipzig: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1958a

Thomas, Werner. 1958a. “Zum Ausdruck der Komparation beim tocharischen Adjektiv.” Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 75: 129–69.

Thomas 1969

Thomas, Werner. 1969. “Bemerkungen zum Gebrauch von toch. A ptāñkät [B pañäkte, pudñäkte], A koṃ [B kauṃ]: A koṃñkät [B kauṃñäkte] usw.” Orbis 18: 235–68.

Thomas 1979b

Thomas, Werner. 1979b. Formale Besonderheiten in metrischen Texten des Tocharischen: Zur Verteilung von B tane/tne “hier” und B ñake/ñke “jetzt”. Abhandlungen d. Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Klasse 15. Mainz: Verlag d. Akad. d. Wissenschaften und d. Literatur.

Thomas 1983

Thomas, Werner. 1983. Der tocharische Obliquus im Sinne eines Akkusativs der Richtung. Abhandlungen d. Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Klasse 6. Mainz: Verlag d. Akad. d. Wissenschaften und d. Literatur.

TITUS

Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/texte/tocharic/thtframe.htm.