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A 403

Known as:A 403; THT 1037
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling. "A 403". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-a403 (accessed 15 Jun. 2024).

Edition

Editor:Gerd Carling

Provenience

Main find spot:Sengim
Expedition code:T II S 19.09
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection

Language and Script

Language:TA
Script:late

Text contents

Title of the work:Ṣaḍdanta-Jātaka
Passage:c
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Jātaka/Avadāna
Verse/Prose:prose; verse
Meter:M12; M25

Object

Manuscript:A 399-404
Preceding fragment:A 88
Following fragment:A 66
Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Number of lines:7

Transliteration

(continues from A 88)

a1/// s· ne slā¯ ¯nt lā ñci wa ṣ[t]· (– –) lyi tmaṃ nu m· ///
a2/// ñä kte¯ ¯s kā swo ne yo (– –) tsi : ci ñcr[aṃ] ///
a3/// cri ā ri – ·r· ka¯ ¯r eṃ – – 1 || tma ṣsā m·· ///
a4/// ṣ· ñcäṃ || tma¯ ¯s̝ ja [mbu] dvi pṣi ñi wā rts[k]ā¯ ¯ñä lā¯ ¯ñ·ä te ///
a5/// pa rsa¯ ¯nt p· ka¯ ¯r || śi ni ku r· || kul· ///
a6/// śki tā (– – – –) : ṣa kka¯ ¯ts ā yi ta¯ ¯m kā swo ne ///
a7/// nwe nyo pa l[s]·ā (– – – – – –) lte • || wā ///
b1/// ṣi ṣru¯ ¯m : ku (– – – – – – –) yo plo nt· – – – ·ñu ///
b2/// [ka] lyme (– – – –) o sā¯ ¯t pyā ppyā syo twa ntaṃ yo ā ///
b3/// [n]ā si o sā¯ ¯t || a pra ti tu lye naṃ ///
b4/// ra¯ ¯s̝ ma he ndra [se] ne¯ ¯s lā¯ ¯nt ñu¯ ¯k ckā ca¯ ¯r cm· ///
b5/// pñe [s]a – r[p]e o pyā¯ ¯cä – – rñi : s̝a¯ ¯k ā ///
b6/// ma bhā drā o ṅka lmā (– –) la¯ ¯s̝ ā [y]· ///
b7/// śna ṣiṃ kā pñu ne yo pra (– – –) ¯nt ta(·) k· ///

(continues on A 66)

Transcription

(continues from A 88)

a1/// (sās) (nu) (tāpärk) (plāc) (mahendra)s(e)nes lānt lāñci waṣt(aṃ) (kärsnā)lyi tmaṃ nu ///
a2
1a /// ñäktes ; kāswoneyo ; – – tsi :
1bciñcraṃ /// 10σ
1c12σ
1da3 /// ; (pā)cri āri(ñc) ; (p)r(ā)kär eṃ(tsāt) 1 ॥
tmäṣ sām·· ··
a4/// ṣ(e)ñc-äṃtmäṣ jambudvipṣiñi wārtskāñ lāñ(ś) te(mi)
a5n1n2 /// pärsant p(e)karśinikur(aṃ)
1akul(eñci) (ñemi) ///
1b12σ
1ca6 /// (mä)śkitā(ñ) ; – – – :
1dṣakk ats āyit-äm ; kāswone(yo) ; ///
a7/// (āleyaṃ) (śa)nwenyo päls(k)ā(t) – – – – (kuya)lte • ॥ ///
b1/// ṣi ṣrum : ku – – – – – – – yo plont· – – – ·ñu ///
b2/// kälyme – – – – osāt pyāppyāsyo twantaṃyo ā(pat) ///
b3n3 /// (ākāl) (ri)«n/t»āsi osātapratitulyenaṃ ///
1a25σ
1bb4 /// (walu)räṣ ; mahendrasenes ; lānt ñuk ckācar ; cm(imār) ///
1c16σ b5 /// (kā)pñes«†ä» ; (wä)rpe opyāc ; (päklā)r-ñi :
1dṣäk ā(ṅkaräs) /// 21σ
b6/// (tmäṣ) (sā)m«†ä» bhādrā oṅkälmā(ṣi) (śpa)läṣ āy(äntwā) ///
b7/// śnaṣiṃ kāpñuneyo pra(kte) (ypa)nt tä·k· ///

(continues on A 66)

Translation

(continues from A 88)

a1... (This conversation now following, however, [must be]) understood [as taking place] in the palace of king Mahendrasena. There, too, ...
a2... by the virtue of... god... Lovely...
a3... she held fast the father’s heart. 1. Thereupon she ...
a4... were to/for her. Thereupon the neighbouring kings of Jampudvīpa her ...
a5... letters they wrote. || In the Ś.-tune: || You, pearl of women ...
a6... princes ... Certainly you may give us (by) [your] virtue ...
a7... with [his] chin in the palm of his hand he [= Mahendrasena] thought: ... since: || In the W.-tune(?): ...
b2... she [= Bhadrā] began, with flowers and circumambulation, (to honour(?) the Pratyekabuddha) ...
b3... to feel (the wish), she began. || In the A.-tune: || ...
b4... (when I die), may I be [re-]born as king Mahendrasena’s daughter ...
b5... the loves I enjoyed. You shall remember me. The six tusks ...
b6... (Thereupon) Bhadrā, the she-elephant, threw herself (?) from the mountain ...
b7... doing penance for the love for the woman ...

(continues on A 66)

Commentary

Remarks

Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).

Philological commentary

The translation is largely based on Sieg 1952: 7-8, and Carling et al. 2009.
n2The tune has 4x12 syllables, rhythm = 5/7.
n3The tune has 4x25 syllables, rhythm = 5/5/8/7.

Linguistic commentary

n1pärsant from *pärs 'letter', cf. TB parso, pärso 'id.' (Couvreur 1954b: 260).

References

Miscellaneous

Online access

IDP: THT 1037; TITUS: THT 1037

Edition

Sieg and Siegling 1921: 224-225; Sieg and Siegling 1921 p. 224, p. 225

Translations

Sieg 1952: a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 a6 a7 b1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7 (7ff)

Bibliography

Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Couvreur 1954b

Couvreur, Walter. 1954b. “Review of: Übersetzungen aus dem Tocharischen II, aus dem Nachlass hg. v. Werner Thomas.” Orientalische Literaturzeitung 5/6: 259–61.

IDP

“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Sieg 1952

Sieg, Emil. 1952. Übersetzungen aus dem Tocharischen II, aus dem Nachlass hg. v. Werner Thomas. Abhandl. d. Deutschen Akad. d. Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Kl. f. Sprachen, Literatur und Kunst 1. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Personal annotated copy of Wilhelm Siegling. Scanned by Douglas Q. Adams with the technical assistance of Michael Tarabulski and Kevin Dobbins. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.

TITUS

Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/texte/tocharic/thtframe.htm.