CEToM | YQ N.4

Work in progress

YQ N.4

Known as:YQ N.4; YQ 1.37
Cite this page as:Adrian Musitz. "YQ N.4". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-yqn4&outputformat=print (accessed 23 Feb. 2024).

Edition

Editor:Adrian Musitz

Provenience

Main find spot:Qigexing (Yanqi)
Collection:Xinjiang Museum (Ürümči)

Language and Script

Language:TA
Script:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka
Passage:Act 5? (Not yet identified)
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Drama
Verse/Prose:prose; verse

Object

Manuscript:Yanqi
Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Number of lines:8

Images

Transliteration

a3/// tmā(·) śtwa rwä¯ ¯lts pu kl· ///
a4/// ta nne wka nyo sa¯ ¯m kā swo ne ///
a5/// ca kkra va rtti wä¯ ¯l wra sa śśi da kṣi ṇa kma ///
a6/// – [:] pu¯ ¯k ñe mi ṣṣā¯ ¯s wra ma ntyo lkā tsi kā su ///
a7/// ¯ñ[ä] ma skaṃ ta¯ ¯r yā tlu ne ytu śtwa ryo mu¯ ¯s̝ : 1 || śā ri pu tra ///
a8/// [a] kaṃ tsu ne ṣiṃ spā rtwlu ne ṣiṃ yā tlu ne śkaṃ śtä rcäṃ yo mu ṣ[ñ]ī ke¯ (–) ///
b1/// [||] ptā ñka tka ṣṣi traka¯ ¯s̝ o ka¯ ¯t tmāṃ śtwa rwä¯ ¯lts pu klā śo¯ ¯l ///
b2/// ·[se] ma ska tra¯ ¯m tā ppu tsu ko ka lyme yā pa kna s̝tra¯ ¯m ///
b3/// o ntaṃ kā tklu ne mā ma ska tra¯ ¯m pu¯ ¯k dhā tu ///
b4/// ¯ñä ā mā nu ṣā¯ ¯ñä mā ma skaṃ ta¯ ¯r mā [p]e ///
b5/// [ṣ](·)[e] smi mā kro śmā o ma l[pa] ///
b6/// ¯ñcä || [ā] rdha l(·)ā – ///

Transcription

a3 n1 /// (okät) tmā(ṃ) śtwar wälts pukl(ā) ///
a4 n2 /// tanne wkänyo säm kāswone(yumäñcäs) ///
a5 n3 /// cakkravartti wäl wrasaśśi dakṣiṇak mä(skatär) (॥) ///
a6 /// – : puk ñemiṣṣās wramäntyo lkātsi kāsu ///
a7 n4 /// ñ mäskaṃtär yātluneytu śtwar yomuṣ : 1 ॥ śāriputrä ///
a8 /// akäṃtsuneṣiṃ spārtwluneṣiṃ yātlune śkaṃ śtärcäṃ yomu ṣñīke(k) ///
b1 /// ॥ ptāñkät käṣṣi träṅkäṣ okät tmāṃ śtwar wälts puklā śol ///
b2 /// ·se mäskatr-äm tāppu tsuko kälymeyā päknäṣtr-äm ///
b3 /// ontaṃ kātklune mäskatr-äm puk dhātu ///
b4 /// ñ āmānuṣāñ mäskaṃtär pe(nu) ///
b5 /// ṣ (c)esmi kroś omäl pä ///
b6 /// ñc ॥ ārdhal·ā – ///

Translation

a3 ... 84 000 years...
a4 ... this way, he... the virtuous ones...
a5 ... the Cakravartin-king becomes is worthy to receive gifts by the beings...
a6 ... good to look at because of all the things made out of jewels...
a7 ... we have reached four powers... Śāriputra...
a8 ... (third,) having reached the power of possession and foruth the power of behavior... However...
b1 Buddha the teacher says: ... when life was 84 000 years long...
b2 ... was... for them... ... food and drink is cooked for them properly...
b3 ... there is truly no rise... for them... ... all elements...
b4 ...they do not become non-human... ... not even...
b5 ... their... not cold, not hot...

Commentary

Parallel texts

A 295; YQ N.3

Philological commentary

The comparison with the Berlin fragment A 295 proves that this fragment and YQ N.3 belong to immediately subsequent leaves, and helps to determine the recto and the reverse of each fragment. Besides that, the large fragment A 295 is the folio 67 of a manuscript. Since each act in the Tocharian version covers 15 leaves at the most, and by counting some leaves for the prologue, one would assume with some confidence that the fragments in question belong to the fifth act. But this assumption remains uncertain because we do not have any parallel text in the Old Uyghur version. See also Pinault 1999: 189-9.
n1 okät: cf. A 295 b5, end of the line.
n2 Cf. A 295 b6, end of the line.
n3 Cf. A 295 b7.
n4 End of the line: This is the end of a stanza in the tune Phulleṃ (cf. phullenaṃ, A 295 b7), type 4x14 (7/7).

Remarks

Lines a1-2 and b7-8 are lost.
The following commentary is adapted from Ji et al. 1998: 208-9.

References

Edition

Ji et al. 1998: 208-9

Bibliography

Ji et al. 1998

Ji, Xianlin, Werner Winter, and Georges-Jean Pinault. 1998. Fragments of the Tocharian A Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka of the Xinjiang Museum, China. Transliterated, translated and annotated by Ji Xianlin in collaboration with Werner Winter, Georges-Jean Pinault. TLSM 113. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.

Pinault 1999

Pinault, Georges-Jean. 1999. “Restitution du Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka en tokharien A: Bilan provisoire et recherches complémentaires sur l’acte XXVI.” Tocharian and Indo-European Studies 8: 189–240.

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