• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 35

Known as:THT 35; B 35; Bleistiftnummer 3551
Cite this page as:Hannes A. Fellner. "THT 35". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 10 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Hannes A. Fellner


Main find spot:Qizil Miŋ-Öy
Expedition code:T III MQ 17.7
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Udānālaṅkāra
Passage:Book 14 (Drohavarga), strophes 28-34?
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Doctrine


Manuscript:Udānālaṅkāra D
Leaf number:100-90-4
Material: ink on paper
Size (h × w):13.6 × 13 cm
Number of lines:8


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1– – – – tk· [m]· nte kā ka tsi : ///
a2– – – [l]·· yā m[t]si ·[ā] pe wa ///
a3– nta sai mye sya ma ṣa¯ ¯t ///
a4[m]ū lnta [na] [k]s̝ta [r]·· ña¯ ¯[ñ]·ä ne ///
a5ññe kwri ye sñā ma r·e [k]l· śa ·m· ///
a6la lyñe ṣa mā ññe : cai pū dñä kte ///
a7kca [ka] lpā re cai śta rce pe rnā rha [nt]· ///
a8[ma] [n]tra kk[ā] yä kne ce ne ///
b1ṣk· mā kā ña tse cce sa nu [ñ]ñ· – ya ma [ske] ///
b2ma skeṃ [ma] nta ññeṃ a k[ā]¯ ¯lkä kse lyñe ṣ[ṣ]ā ///
b3kuse mā pa sta ta ttā tra wa se ///
b4yso mo to tśā sa ntse ··e tra ṣe ///
b5o tra no yā – kra mtsy· ///
b6– – – ye kte ske yeṃ ā [l]p· ///
b7– – – – tñe we ·i pu te reṃ ///
b8– – – – ce wā ltsi we ña po ///


Xx a1– – – – t k· m· nte kākatsi :
Xx /// a2– – – l·· yāmtsi ·ā pewa /// a3nta saim yes yamaṣat /// (kuśala)a4mūlnta nakṣtär (sa)ñ añ(m) ne /// a5ññe kwri yesñ= āmar(ṣn)e kl(e)śa(n)m(a) /// a6lalyñe ṣamāññe :
cai pūdñäkte ///
a7 kca kälpāre cai śtarce pern= ārhant(eññe) ///
a8 mäntrakkā yäkne cene ///
b1 ṣk· mākā ñatsecce sanuññ(e) – yamaske ///
b2 mäskeṃ mäntaññeṃ akālk kselyñeṣṣ= ā ///
b3 kuse mā pästa tättāträ wase ///
b4 ysomo tot śāsantse ··eträ ṣe ///
b5 ot rano yā – kramtsy· ///
b6 – – – yekte skeyeṃ ālp· ///
b7 – – – – tñe we·i putereṃ ///
b8 – – – – cew āltsi weña po(yśi) ///


a1 ... they fetched, to invite ...
a2 ... to make ...
a3 ... into a refuge you made ...
a4 the roots of salvation. He blamed himself ...
a5 if by you out of indignation (through the kleśas) ...
a6 the monk's going(-from-the-house). These (of the) Buddha ...
a7 they obtained the fourth level, arhathood ...
a8 in such a way with these ...
b1 the one being in great need they treat (with) enmity ...
b2 destroy the wish for extinction ...
b3 who should not abandon the poison ...
b4 altogether, so much of the teaching will always perish ...
b5 if he can then be hindered ...
b6 ... little in efforts, if [it?] mirrors(?)
b7 ... (without) anger one shall speak(?) (to) the Puteras ... little
b8 ... him to keep off, spoke the Omni(scient) ...


a4 Er macht sich selbst schlecht ... (Schmidt 1974: 317)
b3 Wer nicht ablegen sollte das Gift ... (Schmidt 1974: 410)


Philological commentary

This leaf includes ca. strophes 28-34 of the Drohavarga (XIV) in a 4x25-syllable-metre (rhythm = 10 [or 5/5]/8/7). Strophe numbers are missing, but from the leaf count recto and verso side can be determined; this leaf immediately follows THT 34. The translation is even less secure than that of THT 34.


Glass cover broken, remnant of the left side of leaf 194, damage similar to THT 34.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Tamai 2011a C3
Tamai 2011a C14


Online access



Sieg and Siegling 1949: I, 57; Sieg and Siegling 1983: 73 notes 204-205


Hackstein 1995: a4 (65), b8 (214); Schmidt 1974: a4 (19 n.4), a4 (317), b3 (410); Sieg and Siegling 1949: a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 a6 a7 a8 b1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7 b8 (II, 57); Sieg and Siegling 1983: b5 (205); Thomas 1954a: b5 (724), b5 (725), b8 (721), b8 (751)


Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Göttingen.

Sieg and Siegling 1949

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1949. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 1. Die Udānālaṅkāra-Fragmente. Text, Übersetzung und Glossar. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Sieg and Siegling 1983

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1983. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B. Teil I: Die Texte. Band 1. Fragmente Nr. 1-116 der Berliner Sammlung. Edited by Werner Thomas. Neubearbeitet und mit einem Kommentar nebst Register versehen v. Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.

Thomas 1954a

Thomas, Werner. 1954a. “Die Infinitive im Tocharischen.” In Asiatica. Festschrift Friedrich Weller. Zum 65. Geburtstag, gewidmet von seinen Freunden, Kollegen und Schülern, edited by Johannes Schubert and Ulrich Schneider, 701–64. Leipzig: Harrassowitz.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”