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Work in progress

PK AS 19.18

Known as:PK AS 19.18; Pelliot Koutchéen Ancienne Série 19.18 (number in 1982)
Cite this page as:Georges-Jean Pinault; Hannes A. Fellner (collaborator). "PK AS 19.18". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-pkas1918 (accessed 27 May 2024).


Editor:Georges-Jean Pinault; Hannes A. Fellner (collaborator)
Date of online publication:2014-07


Expedition code:M 504 (provisional number 1301)
Collection:Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds Pelliot Koutchéen (Paris)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Pratītyasamutpāda
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Abhidharma


Manuscript:PK AS 19
Material: ink on paper
Size (h × w):7 × 34.2 cm
Number of lines:5
Interline spacing:1.2 cm


Images from gallica.bnf.fr by courtesy of the Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des Manuscrits, Pelliot koutchéen.


a1/// ū [ta]¯ ¯r – – te we ñi c[e] – – su m· rṣa le tse ṅku ma· t· w· rsū kl[au] – – – – – – lle ā – ñ
a2– [kl]·au [ṣo] rsa m[e] ṅ[k]ī t[s]e t[e] we [s̝]s̝a· [t]e [a] – ¯s po [o] no lmeṃ tsā [rwe]· (–) [y]· [ne] [sa] [me] ṅkī tse pe lai kne ṣṣe ///
a3– – – [o] no lme [n]ne – – mā wī [ka] ○ [ṣ] – ṃ : [o] [mpa] [ls]·o ñ[ñ]e cwī mā o la¯ ¯[ṅ]· e [kñi] – ///
a4– n· kl[au] tk[e] nts[a] tsa ṅko s̝ä mā nta lñe wī ka ssi ·e wra ṣa lle po sa· sā· [ṣṣ]· śā mna s[w]a r[au] ///
a5[pa] ls·o ya ma s̝[s̝a] l·e • ce yä [kn]e sa ya ma s̝· – ma kte [m]ā [ka] r[s]·ā nträ [a] ra – [s̝s̝a] lñ· ntse tska ·e ///
b1– – lya [ma] – – ñcä tka – – : – [pa]· [w]· ṣṣ· [klau] tke m· nta [l]ñe n[t]se wra tts[ai] [tu] – ya ma s̝s̝a ca – – ///
b2– – – mā nta lñe tse ṇke ta¯ ¯r : ka la ta re pa – ññe nm· ·sa¯ ¯m ñī [ñ]e [sa] yo lo (– –) ·[e] n· – rw· – (–) ///
b3– – tse ṅ[k]e ta¯ ¯r ṣ[e] [pa] rwe ṣṣ[e] klau ○ tke m[ā] nta lñe ntse wra ntsai tse [tu] – – (–) h· – – ra (– –) – – – – [ntse] – – pa ///
b4/// ¯r mā sa mñī ñ· [s]· [yo] lo p· – (–) lya – ·i nau¯ ¯s̝ – – śa – – – sta na ///
b5/// ne o [no] [lme] – – n·e e pi ya¯ ¯c [ka] – – – – – – – – o – [la] [na] e pa ///


a1n1 /// (s)ūtär – – te weñi ce(ynaṃts) sum(e)r-ṣale tseṅku mä(n)t (ār)w(e)r klau(tke) – – – – – lle āñ
a2(ke)kl(y)auṣorsa meṅkītse te weṣṣä(ṃ) te a(nā)s po onolmeṃts ārwe(r)y(k)nesa meṅkītse pelaikneṣṣe ///
a3n2 – – – onolmenne – – wīkäṣ(ṣä)ṃ : ompals(k)oññe cwī olaṅ(k) ekñi(ññe) ///
a4 klautkentsa tsäṅkoṣ«†ä» māntalñe wīkässi (s)e wraṣalle po sa(ṃ)sā(r)ṣṣ(i) śāmna swarau(ññe) ///
a5pals(k)o yamaṣṣäl(l)ece yäknesa yamaṣ(ṣälle) mäkte kärs(n)ānträ ara(ñc) (plu)ṣṣälñ(e)ntse tskä ·e ///
b1n3 – – lyama – – ñcä tkä – – : – pä(r)w(e)ṣṣ(e) klautke m(ā)ntalñentse wrättsai tuyamaṣṣä«ṃ» ca – – ///
b2n4 – – – māntalñe tseṇketär : kalatär epa(stye)ññenm(a) sam ñīñesa yolo – – ·e rw· – –
b3– – tseṅketär ṣe pärweṣṣe klautke māntalñentse wräntsaitse tu – – – – – ra – – – – – – ntse – – pa ///
b4n5 /// r sam ñīñ(e)s(a) yolo – – lya·i nauṣ – – śa – – – stana ///
b5n6 /// ne onolme – – n ·e epiyac – – – – – – – – olana epa ///


a1... he may tell this: for those Sumeru mountain has arisen, thus ready this behavior ...
a2... deprived of hearing he says this: this is miserable. For all the beings ... the ... of the Law is deprived of the willing ... manner ...
a3... among the beings it does not drive away ...
a3+The meditation [is] not a cheap possession for him ...
a4... in order to drive away the destruction that arose from the behaviors this one ought to suffer. All the people of the Saṃsāra ... sweetness ...
a5... one should make the mind ..., in this manner one shall make it in order that they do not destroy the ... of the floating of the heart ...
b1... against the destruction of the first behavior ... he makes ...
b2... the destruction arises ... if it calls the skills, that evil because of the ego ...
b3... it arises once against the destruction of the first behavior ...
b4... that evil because of the ego ...
b5... the being ... remembers (?) ...



The fragments of the PK AS 19 series (19.1-19.22) all belong to the same manuscript. This is a complete but damaged leaf. There is no trace of a leaf number. The string hole interrupts the third line. This large fragment consists of two parts that have not been joined consistently. In the present disposition one could believe that the two main parts are joined perfectly, but actually there is gap of approximately one akṣara between the two parts. At the right end of the preliminary verso there are remnants of akṣaras of another leaf. The latter are bigger than the ones found on this fragment.

Philological commentary

n1After ṣale the reading tseṇku is almost certain, but this form is of course not correct. One may tentatively propose a scribal error for the regular preterite participle tsetseṇku.
n2There are 15 akṣaras lost at the end of the line.
n3There are ten akṣaras lost at the end of the line.
n4There are nine akṣaras lost at the end of the line.
n5There are eight akṣaras lost at the beginning of the line and nine akṣaras at the end of the line.
n6There eight akṣaras lost at the beginning of the line and eight akṣaras lost at the end of the line.