Work in progress

A 30

Known as:A 30; THT 663
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling; Georges-Jean Pinault; Melanie Malzahn; Michaël Peyrot. "A 30". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 30 Nov. 2023).


Editor:Gerd Carling; Georges-Jean Pinault; Melanie Malzahn; Michaël Peyrot
Date of online publication:2012-11-02


Main find spot:Šorčuq
Specific find spot:Stadthöhle
Expedition code:T III Š 64.02
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script


Text contents

Title of the work:Unknown Avadāna
Passage:Remorse of bad deeds of an EGO
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Jātaka/Avadāna
Verse/Prose:prose; verse


Manuscript:A 1-54
Leaf number:20-2
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:6


Images from by courtesy of the Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS).


a1[vi] pu lṣu la ṣlyu tā¯ ¯r tpa rto p[n]a ///
a2kuya lśkaṃ co la¯ ¯cä ñā ssa ru kuya ///
a3cmo¯ ¯l ño¯ ¯m : dha rma vṛ ddhi ○ ///
a4ṣa¯ ¯nt wä rpā te : 3 kuya¯ ¯l ○ ///
a5ṣi¯ ¯m ku sne na¯ ¯s̝ a ppa rmā¯ ¯t [y](·) ///
a6rṣi pyā pyo k[i] ptā ñä kta¯ ¯ñä mā ski ///
b1[sa]¯ ¯m nä¯ ¯s̝ lā ksā lmo ñcä¯ ¯s śrā va ///
b2u pā dhyā (·)o sa spra tti ka ña re y·[aṃ] ///
b3¯s̝ kuli kraṃ ts(·) ta tra ṅku ○ ///
b4rṣu la ṣtā pa¯ ¯rk kla waṃ tra ○ ///
b5ma¯ ¯nt sā ṅki¯ ¯k ṣṭā ma ṣi nā s[ka] ///
b6[sa]¯ ¯s śwā lṣi to¯ ¯ppa¯ ¯rk ///


a1 vipul ṣuläṣ lyutār tpär top na(ṣ) ///
a2 kuyal śkaṃ c«m»olac ñāss aru kuya(l) ///
a3 cmol ñom : dharmavṛddhi /// (el) (e)-
a4 -ṣant wärpāte : 3 kuyal ///
a5 n1 ṣim kusne näṣ appärmāt y(āmu) /// (udumpa)-
a6 -rṣi pyāpy oki ptāñäktañ māski ///
b1 säm näṣ lāksā lmoñcäs śrāva(sti) ///
b2 upādhyā (t)osäs prattika-ñarey(ntw)aṃ ///
b3 kuli kräṃts(o) taträṅku(s) /// (sume)-
b4 -r-ṣuläṣ tāpärk klawaṃträ /// (sā)-
b5 -mantn2 sāṅkik ṣṭāmaṣinās ka ///
b6 sas śwālṣi top tāpärk ///


a1 ... there (is) a heap [that is] higher than mount Vipula ...
a2 ... and why the desire for rebirth was evoked? Why ...
a3 ... a birth with the name ... . The Dharmavṛddhi [prosperity of the Law] ...
a3+ ... the (gi)ver (of gifts) enjoyed ...
a4 Why ...
a5 ... would I (hear the Law?)? I who have treated badly (others) ...
a5+ ... the Buddhalords (appear) with difficulty (in the world) like the Udumbara flower ...
b1 .. I ... those people riding on steeds in (the city of) Śrāvasti ...
b2 ... the teacher ... in those individual hells ...
b3 ... a beautiful woman (is) clinging to ...
b3+ ... now they are falling from mount Sumeru ...
b4+ ... they (collec)ted (fruits?) of trees belonging to the community ...
b6 ... one heap of meat now ...



Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).
The left part of a leaf including the string hole space in lines 3 and 4.

Philological commentary

The verso is in prose, the recto in verse.
n1 ṣim is the end of a optative, probably klyoṣim 'may I hear', less likely are wleṣim 'may I work' and wināṣim 'may I worship'.
n2 mant is probably the end of a middle preterite I form from a root ending in -m, such as sāmā- 'to collect' or kāmā- 'to bring'. At the end ka is the beginning of a term being; since karkes 'branches' is most likely masculine, it does not fit.


Online access

IDP: THT 663; TITUS: THT 663


Sieg and Siegling 1921a: 21; Sieg and Siegling 1921a p. 21


Hackstein 1995: a2 (47); Meunier 2013: a5 (160); Thomas 1957: a2 (294); Thomas 1958a: a1 (142); Thomas 1977c: a1 (175)


Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Meunier 2013

Meunier, Fanny. 2013. “Typologie des locutions en yām- du tokharien.” Tocharian and Indo-European Studies 14: 123–85.

Sieg and Siegling 1921a

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921a. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1958a

Thomas, Werner. 1958a. “Zum Ausdruck der Komparation beim tocharischen Adjektiv.” Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 75: 129–69.

Thomas 1977c

Thomas, Werner. 1977c. “Zu „Tocharisch“ im Handbuch der Orientalistik.” Orbis 26: 168–79.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”