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THT 66

Known as:THT 66; B 66
Cite this page as:Melanie Malzahn; Hannes A. Fellner. "THT 66". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-tht66 (accessed 15 Jul. 2024).


Editor:Melanie Malzahn; Hannes A. Fellner


Main find spot:Shorchuk
Expedition code:T III Š 64
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Udānālaṅkāra
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Doctrine


Manuscript:Udānālaṅkāra B
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:8


a1/// ·[ṃ] ·[ā] rṣṣe pe le meṃ ///
a2/// ·m·¯ ¯r mā ya tkau [ṣ]e ///
a3/// te lkā ṣl[o] ///
a4/// tweṃ ka llo¯ ¯ymä ///
a5/// lñe nta tā k· ///
a6/// nta rwa : po ñi ///
a7/// m[a] t[s]i – pi yoṃ : tu ·[e] ///
a8/// rka kā pau ///
b1/// [wno] lme yā mta ///
b2/// po [ku] – la mū lnta¯ ¯ts ///
b3/// śa¯ ¯kka¯ ¯s [tm]· ///
b4/// wai ptā rwe we ñ[u] ///
b5/// sā sta re cwi [m]·e ///
b6/// rmtsa w[ä] rpna [l]·[i] ///
b7/// ṣe¯ ¯k pa¯ ¯st wi [k]· ///
b8/// ·lñ· [n]· mñce ksa yā ///


Xxa1n1 /// (sa)ṃ(s)ārṣṣe pelemeṃ /// a2n2 /// ·m(a)r ; yat kauṣe(ñca) (wes)
Xx/// a3/// (mā) te lkāṣl= o(stmeṃ) ; (lnaskau) /// a4/// (ṣamāññeṣṣeṃ) (ye)tweṃ källoym /// a5/// lñenta tāk· /// a6/// (wä)ntarwa : po ñi /// a7n3 /// ; matsipiyoṃ :
tu ·e ·///
a8/// r kakāpau ///
b1/// wnolme yāmtä(r) ///
b2/// po ku(śa)lamūlntats ///
b3/// śak ṣkäs tm(āne) ///
b4/// waiptār weweñu ///
b5/// (tu)s= āstare cwi m·e ///
b6/// (ṣa)rmtsa wärpnal(y)i ///
b7/// ṣek päst wik(elle) ///
b8n4n5 /// · lñ(e) n(e)mñceksa ///


a1... from the prison of the (Sa)ṃsāra ...
a2... I will ... , you must not go, killing (us?) ....
a3... (Not) for this must be watched [out], (from the house I go) ....
a4... the (orna)ments (of monkhood) I wish to acquire ...
a6... things. All ...
a7... headhair ... This one ...
a8... desired (?) ....
b1... the being would make ...
b2... of every root of healing ....
b3... sixteen myriads ...
b4... having spoken individually ....
b5... (therefo)re by him [there is] pure ...
b6... for this reason must be endured ...
b7... (must) always pass ...
b8... (must) certainly (be done?) ...


Philological commentary

There is a great likelihood that this fragment and THT 67 belong to one and the same leaf. The 4x11-syllable-metre (rhythm = 6/5) we have already met in THT 64. Since only one strophe number (8) is preserved in THT 67, and because of the scantiness of the fragments, recto and verso side cannot be determined with any certainty. The translation, too, is frequently in the dark. Between the fragments there appears to be a gap of about 10-12 syllables.
n1Emendation according to Sieg and Siegling 1983: 93 fn. 9 based on TITUS 67 a2.
n2/// m(a)r is certainly a 1.sg. middle ending. Whether one can restore (yām)m(a)r "I will make" (as per Sieg/Siegling), remains uncertian.
n3Since matsi – piyoṃ makes a colon of six syllables, matsi has to be a complete form, i.e. it is the nom. or obl. noun 'headhair'. This makes it very unlikely that piyoṃ is a variant of the 3pl. Imp of piā- ‘± to make a sound like a trumpet’ (see most recently Malzahn 2010: 723). Therefore Malzahn now suggest to separate p iyoṃ, iyoṃ being the 3.pl. Imp of iyā- ‘to cause to go', while the lacuna may be restored to (ṣa)p. Since the text is praising the superiority of moonkhood, one may think of a sense like "they caused them to go shave their hair".
n4According to Sieg and Siegling 1983: 94 fn. 3 nemñceksa stands for nemñcek tsa.
n5Sieg/Siegling propose to restore to yā(mṣle) "must be done".


The original manuscript is missing, but was a narrow strip to the right of the schnurloch, composed of two fragments, badly damaged.


Online access



Sieg and Siegling 1949: I, 78-79; Sieg and Siegling 1983: 93-94 notes 227


Sieg and Siegling 1949: a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 a6 a7 a8 b1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7 b8 (II, 79)



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Malzahn 2010

Malzahn, Melanie. 2010. The Tocharian verbal system. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Sieg and Siegling 1949

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1949. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 1. Die Udānālaṅkāra-Fragmente. Text, Übersetzung und Glossar. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Sieg and Siegling 1983

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1983. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B. Teil I: Die Texte. Band 1. Fragmente Nr. 1-116 der Berliner Sammlung. Edited by Werner Thomas. Neubearbeitet und mit einem Kommentar nebst Register versehen v. Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/texte/tocharic/thtframe.htm.