• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.

Work in progress

THT 266

Known as:THT 266; B 266
Cite this page as:Adrian Musitz. "THT 266". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 26 Feb. 2024).


Editor:Adrian Musitz


Main find spot:Šorčuq
Expedition code:T III Š 79.22
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Kāvya


Manuscript:THT 266-272
Leaf number:100-60-2
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:3


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1mo wi na ske ma¯ ¯r ci¯ ¯ś ña kta de śī¯ ¯t tā – ¯ñä 6 ṣa¯ ¯ñä e mpe ly[e] –
a2ra ñcsa pa rma ○ ṅka nta ka rstā wa po saṃ sā rṣṣeṃ¯ ¯ts – pā ta¯ ¯rta¯ ¯r sa
a3we rṣṣe la re ṣṣa na ñe mna ceṃ¯ ¯ts po ka rstā wa : la rau wñe sa sasū we rṣṣe
b1a ra¯ ¯ñcä nne cau ka nte¯ ¯ñä ṣa¯ ¯ñä śau¯ ¯l ra mno : mā wa lke kca e pi ṅte tsa· k·
b2lyeṃ ka a ○ ra ñciṃ ceṃ¯ ¯ts ñi¯ ¯ś śau wwa 7 la klā lye ṅkaṃ¯ ¯ts ka
b3la tsi mā ñi mau ka a ra ñce ṣe me kṣaṃ nra – kau tsi pyā ktsi skā ra tsi pa r··


a1 mo winaskemar ciś ñakta deśīt tā(ko)ñ 6 ṣañ empelye (a)-
a2 -rañcsa pärmaṅkänta kärstāwa po saṃsārṣṣeṃts (:) pātär mātär säsū-
a3 -werṣṣe lareṣṣana ñemna ceṃts po kärstāwa : larauwñesa säsūwerṣṣe
b1 arañcnne caukanteñ ṣañ śaul ram no : mā walke kca epiṅte tsä(r)k(a)
b2 lyeṃ ka arañciṃ ceṃts ñiś śauwwa 7 lakl= ālyeṅkäṃts ka-
b3 -latsiñi mauka arañce ṣeme kṣaṃn ra (:) kautsi pyāktsi skāratsi pär··


a1 ... I confess... May there be a confession from me to you, lord!
a1+ With my own terrible heart, I cut off the hopes of all the beings of saṃsāra.
a2+ Of father, mother, sons - the names of all of them I cut off.
a3+ With the love of sons, they hid me in their heart like their own life.
b1+ Not within long, I killed their torturable hearts
b2 My heart did not desist for even a moment from bringing suffering to others.
b3 Killing, hitting, abusing...


a1 ... bekenne ich zu dir, o Gott: Möge mir Verzeihung sein! (Schmidt 1974: 415)



On IDP, recto and verso are reversed.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Tamai 2011 C1
Tamai 2011 C14


Online access

IDP: THT 266; TITUS: THT 266


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 162


Carling 2000: a3 b1 (212); Krause 1952: b2 (187); Peyrot 2013b: b2 b3 (784); Schmidt 1974: a1 (415); Thomas 1952: b1 b2 (35); Thomas 1997: a3 (109)


Carling 2000

Carling, Gerd. 2000. Die Funktion der lokalen Kasus im Tocharischen. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Krause 1952

Krause, Wolfgang. 1952. Westtocharische Grammatik, Band I. Das Verbum. Heidelberg: Winter.

Peyrot 2013b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013b. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Göttingen.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”

Tamai 2011

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.

Thomas 1952

Thomas, Werner. 1952. Die tocharischen Verbaladjektive auf -l. Deutsche Akad. der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Institut für Orientforschung 9. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

Thomas 1997

Thomas, Werner. 1997. Interpretationsprobleme im Tocharischen. Unflektiertes A puk, B po “ganz, all, jeder”. Vol. 3. SbWGF. Stuttgart: Steiner.