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A 391

Known as:A 391; THT 1025
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling; Adrian Musitz. "A 391". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-a391 (accessed 24 Apr. 2024).

Edition

Editor:Gerd Carling; Adrian Musitz

Provenience

Main find spot:Bezeklik
Expedition code:T III M 135.2
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection

Language and Script

Language:Skt.; TA
Script:late

Text contents

Title of the work:Udānavarga
Text genre:Literary
Meter:M12; M14

Object

Manuscript:A 391-392
Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Number of lines:7

Transliteration

a1/// [sa] [m]· sya nda te vā ri tu sā ga re ṇa ta thai va mā rga ḥ su ga ///
a2/// ·ṣ· ñu ssā¯ ¯m klyoṃ miṃ ytā¯ ¯r : wra sa¯ ¯s tsa lpata¯ ¯r o ma [sk]· ///
a3/// [tā] [nu] [ka] [mpī] [:] taṃ tā dṛ śaṃ de va na rā gra sa tvaṃ ni tyaṃ na ma sye [ta] ///
a4/// tmāṃ : ca mkā ru ṇi kāṃ śpā lmeṃ nāṃ tsu¯ ¯nt pu¯ ¯k wra ssaṃ : pu¯ ¯k cmo lu [ka] ///
a5/// [t]· : ta to vi ta rkāṃ śca vi cā ri – ·i – pra hā sya te vṛ ṣṭi ri vo ddha taṃ ra ja ḥ 10 7 ska ///
a6/// ¯s pu¯ ¯k wi ka – : s[wa] se ma tne – – – – sa tko¯ ¯nt re ma to rtwe : 10 7 sa vai vi ta rko pa ///
b1/// tvā pra mā ṇa – [p]ra dā la «yi» tva [tri] – – – yāṃ strī mja hā ti ba ndhāṃ ni pa ka pra ti smṛ ta ///
b2/// [c]yo tryā sra pa ntu wi ka nta¯ ¯r [:] – – m· ñy· syo śtwa¯ ¯r gra nthä ntu ka rṣnā nta¯ ¯r : 10 8 [pra] ///
b3/// cya te ve da ka ḥ sa rva to sau : 10 9 pe rā kune ṣiṃ tseṃ wa su sa mya¯ ¯k ///
b4/// ¯s̝ saṃ sā¯ ¯r yi¯ ¯s̝ ne rvāṃ : 10 9 su khaṃ su khā rthi la bha te ///
b5/// ¯k ku lypa¯ ¯m wra so¯ ¯m spā rtwa¯ ¯s̝ to sa¯ ¯s wä knäṃ twaṃ ño¯ ¯m kl(·)o ///
b6/// || mā rga vā¯ ¯rgä ā¯ ¯r : 10 2 || || pha laṃ vai ka da l·ṃ ///
b7/// mma rka mpa¯ ¯l mrā cā pa rsi ā ṣāṃ kra¯ ¯nt : pe tlu ne yā mā rga vā¯ ¯rgä sā sa¯ ¯k ytā rś· ///

Transcription

a1 /// sam·syandate vāri tu sāgareṇa tathaiva mārgaḥ suga ///
a2
15x /// ·ṣ· ñus sām ; klyoṃmiṃ ytār :
15x wrasas tsälpäṣtär ; omäsk· ///
a3 /// tānukampī : taṃ tādṛśaṃ devanarāgrasatvaṃ nityaṃ namasyeta ///
a4
16x 11σ /// tmāṃ :
16x cam kāruṇikāṃ ; śpālmeṃ nāṃtsunt ; puk wrassaṃ :
16x puk cmolu ///
a5 /// t· : tato vitarkāṃś ca vicāri(tān)i (ca) prahāsyate vṛṣṭir ivoddhataṃ rajaḥ 10-7
17a ska /// 11σ
17b 12σ
17c a6 /// s puk ; wika – :
17d swase mät ne – – ; – – sätkont ; rem«†ä» tortwe : 10-7
sa vai vitarkopa ///
b1 /// (yi)tvāpramāṇa(m) pradālayitva tri(bhir) (āla)yāṃs trīm jahāti bandhāṃ nipaka pratismṛta ///
18a 12σ
18b b212σ
18c /// cyo ; try āsrapäntu ; wikantär :
18d – – m· ñy· syo ; śtwar granthäntu ; kärṣnāntär : 10-8
pra ///
b3 /// (vimu)cyate vedakaḥ sarvato sau : 10-9
19a perākuneṣiṃ tseṃ ; wasu samyak ; ///
19b 12σ
19c b412σ
19d /// ṣ saṃsār ; yiṣ nervāṃ : 10-9
sukhaṃ sukhārthi labhate ///
b5 /// k kulypam wrasom spārtwaṣ tosäs wäknäṃtwaṃ ñom-kl·o ///
b6 /// ॥ mārgavārg ār : 10-2 ॥ ॥ phalaṃ vai kadal(ī)ṃ ///
b7
Xx /// m ; märkampal ; mrācā pärsi ; āṣāṃ krant :
Xx petluneyā ; mārgavārg ; sāsäk ytār ś· ; ///

Translation

a1 ... just (like) water flows together with the ocean, so the good path...
a2 ... the noble way liberates the beings (from) evil...
a3 ... pitying... May he always worship such a highest being among gods and men.
a4 ... 10 000.... the compassionate one, being best among beings, ... all births...
a5 ... will then abandon/make disappear thoughts and considerations like the rain abandons stirred up dirt.
a6 ... make disappear all... like the rain... the spread out dirt, dust and mist. The... of thinking....
b1 ... having split the authority into three (?) he leaves the three homes, fetters... wise, mindful...
b2 through ... the three evils/contaminations disappear, through ... the four [bodily] entanglements are cut off.
b3 ... that wiseman is liberated from everything. Wearing the armor of faithfulness...
b4 ... saṃsāra... goes to Nirvāṇa...
b4+ A being that desires happiness (obtains happiness) if he acts accordingly: …’
b5 In these ways, famous (?)...
b6 The Mārgavarga(-chapter) has ended. The fruit... banana-tree...
b7 ... worthy to carry the good law on the head (?)... Through the writing of the Mārgavarga, the way...

Other

a2 ... erlöst d[ies]er vorgetragene edle Weg die Wesen (vom) Bösen ... (Schmidt 1974: 507)
b2 ... schwinden die drei Unreinheiten. (Schmidt 1974: 113)
b2 ... durch ... schwinden die drei Befleckungen, durch die ... werden die vier [körperlichen] Verstrickungen beseitigt [wtl. abgeschnitten]. (Schmidt 1974: 209)
b5 A being that desires happiness (obtains happiness) if he acts accordingly: … (Peyrot 2013b: 648)
b7 ... das gute Gesetz [Akk.!], würdig, auf dem Scheitel getragen zu werden. (Schmidt 1974: 366)

Commentary

Remarks

Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).

References

Online access

IDP: THT 1025; TITUS: THT 1025

Edition

Sieg and Siegling 1921: 216-217; Sieg and Siegling 1921 p. 216, p. 217

Translations

Carling 2000: b7 (124); Couvreur 1959: a4 (253), b2 (253); Hackstein 1995: a6 (134), b2 (134); Knoll 1996: b7 (43, 46, 64, 71, 95); Kölver 1965: a4 (117); Peyrot 2013b: b5 (648); Schmidt 1974: a2 (214), a2 (507), b1 (113), b2 (113), b2 (209), b7 (366); Thomas 1954: b7 (743); Thomas 1957: b6 (210); Thomas 1958a: a4 (148); Thomas 1968: a6 (218); Thomas 1983: b4 (16)

Bibliography

Carling 2000

Carling, Gerd. 2000. Die Funktion der lokalen Kasus im Tocharischen. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.

Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Couvreur 1959

Couvreur, Walter. 1959. “Review of: Thesaurus Linguae Tocharicae Dialecti A.” Bibliotheca Orientalis 16 (5-6): 251–53.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

IDP

“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Knoll 1996

Knoll, Gabriele. 1996. “Die Verwendungsweisen der Adjektive im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Frankfurt am Main.

Kölver 1965

Kölver, Bernhard. 1965. “Der Gebrauch der sekundären Kasus im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Frankfurt am Main.

Peyrot 2013b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013b. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Göttingen.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.

Thomas 1954

Thomas, Werner. 1954. “Die Infinitive im Tocharischen.” In Asiatica. Festschrift Friedrich Weller. Zum 65. Geburtstag, gewidmet von seinen Freunden, Kollegen und Schülern, edited by Johannes Schubert and Ulrich Schneider, 701–64. Leipzig: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1958a

Thomas, Werner. 1958a. “Zum Ausdruck der Komparation beim tocharischen Adjektiv.” Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 75: 129–69.

Thomas 1968

Thomas, Werner. 1968. “Zur Verwendung von toch. A oki/B ramt und A mäṃtne/B mäkte in Vergleichen.” Orbis 17: 198–231.

Thomas 1983

Thomas, Werner. 1983. Der tocharische Obliquus im Sinne eines Akkusativs der Richtung. Abhandlungen d. Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Klasse 6. Mainz: Verlag d. Akad. d. Wissenschaften und d. Literatur.

TITUS

Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”