• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 392

Known as:THT 392; B 392; Bleistiftnummer 2524
Cite this page as:"THT 392". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 02 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Qizil Miŋ-Öy
Expedition code:T III MQR 49.22
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Unknown


Manuscript:Pratītyasamutpāda α, THT 391-393
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:6



a1/// ·(·)[t]s· wa [ñ]· [t]· ///
a2/// [a] lyai kno sa kṛ dā gā m[ñ]· ///
a3/// kuśa la mū la nta e rsa nte • e[ṃ] ///
a4/// || tu meṃ wa lo snai yä¯ ¯rm sn[ai] ///
a5/// ṣī ka ·[e] mā s̝pa pra l[l]e ce k·ä ///
a6/// ·[ī] pa ṣ·eṃ ///
b1/// s· t· ///
b2/// la t[e]· – ryo rtta¯ ¯ñcä || o mn[o] ka ///
b3/// mpa ṣe sā tsa na siṃ ha ḍa [d]·ī ///
b4/// sa ntse pa rkā¯ ¯u tā kaṃ || tu me· ///
b5/// [ñä] kte pre kseṃ • sai mwä sta ṣe ///
b6/// [c]eṃ¯ ¯ts p[r]· [c]· ///


a1 /// ·· ts· wañ· t· ///
a2 /// alyaik no sakṛdāgāmñ(e) ///
a3 /// kuśalamūlänta ersante • eṃ ///
a4 /// ॥ tumeṃ walo snai yärm snai ///
a5 /// ṣīkä·e mā ṣpä pralle cek ·ä ///
a6 /// ·īpäṣ(ṣ)eṃ ///
b1 /// s· t· ///
b2 /// late(ṃ) (kä)ryorttañcom no kä ///
b3 /// mpa ṣes= ātsana siṃhaḍad(v)ī ///
b4 /// santse pärkāu tākaṃ ॥ tume(ṃ) ///
b5 /// ñäkte prekseṃsaim wästa ṣe ///
b6 /// ceṃts pr· c· ///



In one frame with THT 391, but unlike suggested by the montage the two fragments make no joint. THT 391-393 belong to the same manuscript as THT 149ff. (as per Sieg and Siegling 1953: 259), but they do not contain Pratītyasamutpāda like the latter series.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Tamai 2011a C2
Tamai 2011a C14


Online access

IDP: THT 392; TITUS: THT 392


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 260


Thomas 1957: b2 (214)



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”