• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 225

Known as:THT 225; B 225; Bleistiftnummer 2759
Cite this page as:"THT 225". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 06 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Qizil Miŋ-Öy
Specific find spot:Rothkuppelraum
Expedition code:T III MQR 78
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:archaic

Text contents

Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Buddhastotra


Manuscript:THT 224-227
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:3


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1n[e] ne || wi na ske wc[ä] cā ka· [ṣ]· tri ·[e] ///
a2pa lsko ce kwä rñai ñä śva la tsya ///
a3– no ṣkre[¯] [¯]n[t] krui twe ñä kta te te mu ka ·[ai] ///
b1– st· re ki [t]e kpo sta ññe ta nma ṣle [ñ]· ///
b2[c]e ma ntre ki 2 e rke nma yna [ñ]· ///
b3a snai sai mne se¯ ¯u te tra ṅma ne ·e ///


a1 nene ॥ winaskewcä cākä(r) ṣ(o)tri (p)e(rneñc) (paiyne) ///
a2 pälsko cek wärñai ñäś valatsy a ///
a3 noṣ krent krui twe ñäkta tetemu ka ·ai ///
b1 – st(a) reki tek postäññe tänmäṣle ñ(i) ///
b2 ce mänt reki 2 erkenma ynañ· ///
b3 ṣä snai saim neseu te träṅmane ·e ///



In one frame with THT 226 and THT 227.a, THT 227.b, THT 227.c.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008b A1
Malzahn 2007e A4
Tamai 2011a A2
Tamai 2011a C14


Online access

IDP: THT 225; TITUS: THT 225


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 134-135



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Malzahn 2007e

Malzahn, Melanie. 2007e. “The most archaic manuscripts of Tocharian B and the varieties of the Tocharian B language.” In Instrumenta Tocharica, edited by Melanie Malzahn, 255–97. Heidelberg: Winter.

Peyrot 2008b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008b. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”