• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 227.a

Known as:THT 227.a; THT 227; B 227; Bleistiftummer 2759
Cite this page as:"THT 227.a". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 04 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Qizil Miŋ-Öy
Specific find spot:Rothkuppelraum
Expedition code:T III MQR 80
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:archaic

Text contents

Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Buddhastotra


Manuscript:THT 224-227
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:3


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// kus· lka s̝a· tra ṅk· s· nta [l]· nt· [c]·
a2/// a lye ṅkaṃ śau lmeṃ nra y·e sā
a3/// a ka lka nta sa mpau cai saṃ sā [r]·e
b1/// [c]· ka klā y· [s̝a] ·n· [t]ra ·t· – –
b2/// [te] ka laṃ a ra ñcai śau mye pi o
b3/// o lo lle śai n[su] 7 kuse l[k]a s̝a


a1 /// kus(e) lkaṣä(ṃ) träṅk(o)s(o)nt«†ä» l· nt· c·
a2 /// alyeṅkäṃ śaulmeṃ nray(ṣ)e
a3 /// akalkänta sampaucai saṃsār(n)e
b1 /// c· kaklāy(a) ṣä ·n· trä ·t· – –
b2 /// te kälṣäṃ aräñc= aiśaumyepi o
b3 /// ololle śain su 7 kuse lkaṣäṃ



In one frame with THT 225, THT 226 and THT 227.b, THT 227.c. This fragment was edited as "Nr. 227" (THT 227) by Sieg and Siegling 1953: 135.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008b A1
Malzahn 2007e A4
Tamai 2011a A2
Tamai 2011a C14


Online access

IDP: THT 227c; TITUS: THT 227


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 135


Krause 1952: a3 (45)



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Krause 1952

Krause, Wolfgang. 1952. Westtocharische Grammatik, Band I. Das Verbum. Heidelberg: Winter.

Malzahn 2007e

Malzahn, Melanie. 2007e. “The most archaic manuscripts of Tocharian B and the varieties of the Tocharian B language.” In Instrumenta Tocharica, edited by Melanie Malzahn, 255–97. Heidelberg: Winter.

Peyrot 2008b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008b. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”