• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 222

Known as:THT 222; B 222; Bleistiftnummer 2753
Cite this page as:"THT 222". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 11 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Qizil Miŋ-Öy
Specific find spot:Rothkuppelraum
Expedition code:T III MQR 75
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Buddhastotra


Manuscript:THT 220-223
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:5


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// [po] yśi ññe a ṅklau [t]k· – [a] [v]· [ś]w· [r]ñ· nre yṣa [na] ///
a2/// rkā lñe • ka [ru] nä ṣṣe wa rka ltsa pra kreṃ [a] ///
a3/// tka ce • ai śa mñe ṣṣeṃ ye peṃ s̝· ///
a4/// ¯r nrai sa naṃ mpa śai ṣ· ///
b2/// ntse yā ta lñe a ti ///
b3/// sa ma nta nta pa lsko kulā tsi c· [k]· ///
b4/// ·p· rw·e [ṅ]·o – nu wa lñe la kle nta ṣṣai l· ///
b5/// [n]· sk[au] ñi śa ra – [¯]ä – – po yśi ñ[ñ]e ṣe a kā l·eṃ ///


a1 /// poyśiññe aṅklautk(ace) av(i)ś w(ä)rñ(ai) nreyṣana ///
a2 /// rkālñe • karunäṣṣe warkṣältsa prakreṃ a(räñc) ///
a3 /// tkace • aiśamñeṣṣeṃ yepeṃ ṣ(pä) ///
a4 /// r nrai sanaṃmpa śaiṣ(ṣe) ///
b2 /// ntse yātalñe ati ///
b3 /// sa manta nta palsko kulātsi c(är)k(āsta) ///
b4 /// (y)p(a)rw(e) eṅ(k)o(ṣ) nuwalñe läklentaṣṣai l· ///
b5 /// (wi)n(ā)skau ñiś ara(ñc) (tañ) poyśiññeṣe akāl(km)eṃ ///



Lines a5 and b1 are lost.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008b A3
Tamai 2011a C1


Online access

IDP: THT 222; TITUS: THT 222


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 133



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Peyrot 2008b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008b. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”