• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

A 41

Known as:A 41; THT 674
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling; Georges-Jean Pinault; Melanie Malzahn. "A 41". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 06 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Gerd Carling; Georges-Jean Pinault; Melanie Malzahn
Date of online publication:2013-10-03


Main find spot:Šorčuq
Specific find spot:Stadthöhle
Expedition code:T III Š 92.09
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script


Text contents

Title of the work:Avadāna
Passage:Pretas and drought leaf 45
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Jātaka/Avadāna
Verse/Prose:prose; verse


Manuscript:A 1-54
Leaf number:40-5
Preceding fragment:A 40
Following fragment:A 42
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:6


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


(continues from A 40)

a1[t]pa rśā we : kā rā śä nwo ki sa (·)[i] ///
a2kpu ksa syu¯ ¯s̝ ā sa ṣga¯ ¯ṅk ///
a3śkaṃ na¯ ¯s̝ tma¯ ¯s̝ gā¯ ¯ṅk ○ ///
a4¯s̝ ṣo ma ka lyme ṣṭmo¯ ¯s ○ ///
a5(–) mo trā ā ṣā ni¯ ¯k tsa tsku¯ (–) ///
a6– cne wä ryo ktsi mā ka lpo¯ ¯s̝ ///
b1– || ma¯ ¯r ño mka lywā¯ ¯ts pre ///
b2llā yi¯ ¯t : śā we pre tā[¯] [¯ñä] ///
b3ñu ktā¯ ¯m sne wa ste : 1 ○ ///
b4mo saṃ wa¯ ¯s pu kri nä ○ ///
b5ce smi mo saṃ mā ṣāṃ wa sa ///
b6ku cyo ne ce¯ ¯m pre tā ñ[n]e ///

(continues on A 42)


(continues from A 40)

a1 tpär śāwe : kārāśänw oki sä·i ///
a2 …k puk sasyuṣ āsaṣ gaṅk ///
a3 śkaṃ naṣ tmäṣ gāṅk ///
a4 …ṣ ṣoma kälyme ṣṭmos ///
a5 (sne-)motrā āṣānik tsatsku(s) ///
a6 (ku)cne wär yoktsi kälpoṣ ///
b1 – ॥ mar ñom-kälywāts pre(tās) /// (e)-
b2 -ll āyit : śāwe pretāñ ///
b3 ñuk tām sne waste : 1 ///
b4 mosaṃ was puk rinä(smāṃ) ///
b5 cesmi mosaṃ m= āṣāṃ was a… ///
b6 kucyone cem pretāñ ne… ///

(continues on A 42)


(continues from A 40)

a1 ... high, big. Like the jungle inhabitant ...
a2 ... all (will be un)satisfied, the Gaṅgā river will become dry ...
a3 and ... is ... Thereupon the Gaṅgā river ...
a4 ... she [is] sitting apart ...
a5 ... with non-greenness the venerable one [fem.] has burnt ...
a6 Which water they did not obtain to drink ...
b1 ... O noble one, do not (forsake) the Pre(tas)! ...
b1+ ... you should give alms!
b2 The horrible Pretas ...
b3 I [fem.] will be without refuge.
b4 because of ... we ... abandon(ing) ...
b5 because of these ones we are not worthy ...
b6 this is the reason why these Pretas ...

(continues on A 42)


b3 I [f.] will be without refuge (Peyrot 2013c: 630)



Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).


Online access

IDP: THT 674; TITUS: THT 674


Sieg and Siegling 1921a: 25; Sieg and Siegling 1921a p. 25


Knoll 1996: b6 (46); Peyrot 2013c: b3 (630)


Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Knoll 1996

Knoll, Gabriele. 1996. “Die Verwendungsweisen der Adjektive im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Frankfurt am Main.

Peyrot 2013c

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013c. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Sieg and Siegling 1921a

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921a. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”