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Work in progress

A 41

Known as:A 41; THT 674
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling; Georges-Jean Pinault; Melanie Malzahn. "A 41". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-a41 (accessed 29 May 2024).


Editor:Gerd Carling; Georges-Jean Pinault; Melanie Malzahn
Date of online publication:2013-10-03


Main find spot:Shorchuk
Specific find spot:Stadthöhle
Expedition code:T III Š 92.09
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection

Language and Script


Text contents

Title of the work:Avadāna
Passage:Pretas and drought leaf 45
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Jātaka/Avadāna
Verse/Prose:prose; verse


Manuscript:A 1-54
Preceding fragment:A 40
Following fragment:A 42
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:6



(continues from A 40)

lf40 5
a1[t]pa rśā we : kā rā śä nwo ki sa (·)[i] ///
a2kpu ksa syu¯ ¯s̝ ā sa ṣga¯ ¯ṅk ///
a3śkaṃ na¯ ¯s̝ tma¯ ¯s̝ gā¯ ¯ṅk ○ ///
a4¯s̝ ṣo ma ka lyme ṣṭmo¯ ¯s ○ ///
a5(–) mo trā ā ṣā ni¯ ¯k tsa tsku¯ (–) ///
a6– cne wä ryo ktsi mā ka lpo¯ ¯s̝ ///
b1– || ma¯ ¯r ño mka lywā¯ ¯ts pre ///
b2llā yi¯ ¯t : śā we pre tā[¯] [¯ñä] ///
b3ñu ktā¯ ¯m sne wa ste : 1 ○ ///
b4mo saṃ wa¯ ¯s pu kri nä ○ ///
b5ce smi mo saṃ mā ṣāṃ wa sa ///
b6ku cyo ne ce¯ ¯m pre tā ñ[n]e ///

(continues on A 42)


(continues from A 40)

a1tpär śāwe : kārāśänw oki sä·i ///
a2…k puk sasyuṣ āsaṣ gaṅk ///
a3śkaṃ naṣ tmäṣ gāṅk ///
a4…ṣ ṣoma-kälyme ṣṭmos ///
a5(sne-)motrā āṣānik tsatsku(s) ///
a6(ku)cne wär yoktsi kälpoṣ ///
b1– ॥ mar ñom-kälywāts pre(tās) /// (e)-
b2-ll āyit : śāwe pretāñ ///
b3ñuk tām sne waste : 1 ///
b4mosaṃ was puk rinä(smāṃ) ///
b5cesmi mosaṃ m= āṣāṃ was a… ///
b6kucyone cem pretāñ ne… ///

(continues on A 42)


(continues from A 40)

a1... high, big. Like the jungle inhabitant ...
a2... all (will be un)satisfied, the Gaṅgā river will become dry ...
a3and ... is ... Thereupon the Gaṅgā river ...
a4... she [is] sitting apart ...
a5... with non-greenness the venerable one [fem.] has burnt ...
a6Which water they did not obtain to drink ...
b1... O noble one, do not (forsake) the Pre(tas)! ...
b1+... you should give alms!
b2The horrible Pretas ...
b3I [fem.] will be without refuge.
b4because of ... we ... abandon(ing) ...
b5because of these ones we are not worthy ...
b6this is the reason why these Pretas ...

(continues on A 42)


b3I [f.] will be without refuge (Peyrot 2013b: 630)



Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).


Online access

IDP: THT 674; TITUS: THT 674


Sieg and Siegling 1921: 25; Sieg and Siegling 1921 p. 25


Knoll 1996: b6 (46); Peyrot 2013b: b3 (630)


Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Knoll 1996

Knoll, Gabriele. 1996. “Die Verwendungsweisen der Adjektive im Tocharischen.” PhD, Universität Frankfurt am Main.

Peyrot 2013b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013b. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/texte/tocharic/thtframe.htm.