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A 306

Known as:A 306; THT 939
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling; Hannes A. Fellner (collaborator); Angelo Mascheroni (translation). "A 306". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-a306 (accessed 14 Jun. 2024).


Editor:Gerd Carling; Hannes A. Fellner (collaborator); Angelo Mascheroni (translation)


Main find spot:Shorchuk
Specific find spot:Stadthöhle
Expedition code:T III Š 91.13
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection

Language and Script


Text contents

Title of the work:Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Drama
Verse/Prose:prose; verse


Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:6



a1/// nāṃ swā ñce nyo kā ru ///
a2/// [kaṃ] ṣa¯ ¯nt suka ṣi nā¯ ¯s ā ///
a3/// dha rmaṃ ptā ñkte [w]e ///
a4/// ska ma¯ ¯t śä k·· ///
a5/// śo ṣṣi¯ ¯s s[uka] cku sne [p]ñi ///
a6/// ·[ā¯] [¯l] [p]u [tti] śpa rṣi : ca m[w]i ///


a1n1 /// (maiträṣi)nāṃ swāñcenyo kāru(ṃ)(ṣinäṃ) ///
a2n2 /// käṃṣant sukaṣinās ā(kāläntu) ///
a3n3 /// (abhi)dharmaṃ ptāñkte we(wñunt) ///
a4n4 /// skamat śäk (wäknā) ///
a5n5 /// (ārki)śoṣṣis sukac kus ne pñi(ntu) ///
a6n6 /// (āk)āl puttiśparṣi : cam wi(nāsam) ///


a2... the one who fulfills joyful desires ...
a3... proclaimed by the Buddha in the abhidharma ...
a4... always ... in ten ways ...
a5... (striving?) for the happiness of the worldn7 . Which merits ...
a6... the desire for the rank of Buddha. I honor him ...


a1... "through the (sun)ray of friendliness" ... the compassionate ... (Carling and Pinault 2023: 352)
a2ausfüllend die Glückswünsche (Sieg and Siegling 1921: 127)
a3das im Abh(idharma) von Buddha verkündete (Sieg and Siegling 1921: 127)



Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).
Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
Fragment of a manuscript which includes A 306, A 307, A 308, A 309 and A 310.

Parallel texts

A 251, A 252

Philological commentary

n1Based on A 251 b1 and A 252 b1, and considering Sieg and Siegling 1921: 164, we could restore kāru(ṃ)(ṣinäṃ)
n2Based on A 251 b2 and A 252 b2, we could restore ā(kāläntu).
n3Based on A 251 b3 and A 252 b3, we could restore (a)bhidharmaṃ ptāñkte we(wñunt).
n4Based on Sieg and Siegling 1921: 164, we could restore (wäknā) on behalf of m-tht1493 a3.
n5Based on Sieg and Siegling 1921: 164, we could restore pñi(ntu) on behalf of m-tht1493 a4, as well as (ārki)śoṣṣi, given the general context of A 251 b5.
n6Considering the occurrences of puttiśparṣi in the Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka, maybe we could restore (āk)āl, as well as wi(nāsam), based on A 251 b5 (restoration suggested in A 251 by Timothée Chamot-Rooke, see n1 on CEToM).
n7Maybe we could compare this construction with A 307 b4-b5ārkiśoṣṣis kāswac skā(yluneyntu), see Carling and Pinault 2023: 533, , kāswac skāyluneyo "by striving for the good"


Online access

IDP: THT 939; TITUS: THT 939


Sieg and Siegling 1921: 164; Sieg and Siegling 1921 p. 164


Carling and Pinault 2023: a1 (352); Sieg and Siegling 1921: a2 (127), a3 (127)


Carling and Pinault 2023

Carling, Gerd, and Georges-Jean Pinault. 2023. Dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Personal annotated copy of Wilhelm Siegling. Scanned by Douglas Q. Adams with the technical assistance of Michael Tarabulski and Kevin Dobbins. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/texte/tocharic/thtframe.htm.