• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.

Work in progress

A 310

Known as:A 310; THT 943
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling. "A 310". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 26 Feb. 2024).


Editor:Gerd Carling


Main find spot:Šorčuq
Specific find spot:Stadthöhle
Expedition code:T III Š 97.04
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script


Text contents

Title of the work:Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Drama
Verse/Prose:prose; verse


Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:6


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// ·[s]u [ma] ·ku [rya] rtā ñṣe¯
a2/// mu skya ntā ñkā kma rti kā ñṣe¯ ¯ñcä
a3/// [:] pā ra¯ ¯nt l[yu] tā ri ka lka rta
a4/// ssa spa rkā¯ ¯nt : ka lka rña
a5/// 2 || ku sne – ¯s̝ sla ma syo
a6/// yā mu¯ ¯nt ā lye ksa [c]·· –
b1/// ·w·¯ ¯s̝ pka¯ ¯nt ma¯ ¯nt ś[o] lśo¯
b2/// ṣ[i]ṃ lymaṃ : – – rsa ṅki¯ ¯ñä
b3/// tmu¯ ¯nt : [e] krā yä ntu sa lpi¯
b4/// wā wlu[¯] [¯nt] [a] ne ñcā ṣwa lyi
b5/// ṣo maṃ nu ṣo tre lyā kā ñṣe¯
b6/// le tā rśo nyo : ṣo


a1 /// ·sumä· kuryartāñ ṣe…
a2 /// muskyantāñ kākmärtikāñ ṣeñc
a3 /// : pārant lyutāri kalkar
a4 /// s saspärkānt : kalkar ña
a5 /// 2 ॥ kus ne – ṣ slamasyo
a6 /// yāmunt ālyeksac·· –
b1 /// ·w· ṣ pkänt mänt śol śo…
b2 /// ṣiṃ lymaṃ : – – r säṅkiñ
b3 /// tmunt : ekr āyäntu sälpi-
b4 -(ñc) /// wāwlunt aneñcāṣ walyi
b5 /// ṣomaṃ nu ṣotre lyākāñ ṣe…
b6 /// le tārśonyo : ṣo


b3 ... the mere bones burn



Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).
Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
Fragment of a manuscript which includes A 306, A 307, A 308, A 309 and A 310.

Philological commentary

The fragment is not classified, but it is part of the Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka, most likely of the Höllenkapitel (XX-XXV) (cf. Pinault 1999: 205).


Online access

IDP: THT 943; TITUS: THT 943


Sieg and Siegling 1921: 166; Sieg and Siegling 1921 p. 166


Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”