• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

A 309

Known as:A 309; THT 942
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling. "A 309". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 11 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Gerd Carling


Main find spot:Šorčuq
Specific find spot:Stadthöhle
Expedition code:T III Š 95.04
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script


Text contents

Title of the work:Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Drama
Verse/Prose:prose; verse


Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:6


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// ntra • || mai traṃ || ku
a2/// lwaṃ : kuya¯ ¯l tṣaṃ ta
a3/// ·w· ñe¯ ¯ñcä ṣa kka tsce ṣya
a4/// rśo nwā tse ku hā ke
a5/// ne de śi tpā kkra śi
a6/// na peṃ ṣi wa rtsi
b1/// ·t· ne ptā ñka tmā
b2/// ··ra¯ ¯m ā kā lri to
b3/// [ra]¯ ¯s̝ wtā kśā waṃ ña re
b4/// hu śi ṣya kaṃ || me tra
b5/// rśo nwā tsapa ltsa kyo :
b6/// [y]· ma¯ ¯ṅk kaṃ tsā ṣa


a1 /// nträ • ॥ maitraṃku
a2 /// lwaṃ : kuyal tṣaṃ ta
a3 /// ·w(e)ñeñc ṣakk ats ceṣ ya
a4 /// (tā)rśonwātse kuhāke
a5 /// ne deśit pākkraśi
a6 /// napeṃṣi wartsi
b1 /// ·t·ne ptāñkat
b2 /// ··räm ākāl rito
b3 /// räṣ wtāk śāwaṃ ñare
b4 /// (ba)huśiṣyakaṃ ॥ metra
b5 /// (tā)rśonwātsäṃ pältsäkyo :
b6 /// y· maṅk käṃtsāṣa


b2 the wish expressed is fulfilled for you



Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).
Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
Fragment of a manuscript which includes A 306, A 307, A 308, A 309 and A 310.

Philological commentary

The fragment is not classified, but it is part of the Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka, most likely of the Höllenkapitel (XX-XXV) (cf. Pinault 1999a: 205).


Online access

IDP: THT 942; TITUS: THT 942



Sieg and Siegling 1921a: 165; Sieg and Siegling 1921a p. 165


Hackstein 1995: b6 (100)


Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Pinault 1999a

Pinault, Georges-Jean. 1999a. “Restitution du Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka en tokharien A: Bilan provisoire et recherches complémentaires sur l’acte XXVI.” Tocharian and Indo-European Studies 8: 189–240.

Sieg and Siegling 1921a

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921a. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”