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IOL Toch 25

Known as:IOL Toch 25; H 149.73; A.73
Cite this page as:Michaël Peyrot. "IOL Toch 25". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-ioltoch25 (accessed 16 Jun. 2024).


Editor:Michaël Peyrot


Main find spot:Unknown
Collection:British Library (London)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Bhikṣu-Prātimokṣasūtra
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Vinaya


Material: ink on paper
Size (h × w):4.9 × 8.1 cm
Number of lines:4


Images from idp.bl.uk by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project and the British Library.


a1/// ·ū pa¯ ¯stä ai ta¯ ¯r snai tra ṅko 8
a2/// ka ppi nma sa ka ppi ya ma ṣle •
a3/// ¯t mā yā mtra pā yti 9 se ṣa mā ne
a4/// sa pā yti : se ta ne lau te e ma
b1/// – ṣṣe cai ta ne lau ti 60 || se ṣa mā
b2/// [ṣa] mā ne ṣa mā ne ntse sklo¯ ¯k e rs̝aṃ pā
b3/// ma s̝s̝aṃ pā yti 3 se ṣa mā ne wa
b4/// – po rne wsa s̝s̝aṃ pā yti 5 se


a1/// (s)ū päst aitär snai traṅko 8
a2/// (tarya) kappinmasa kappi yamaṣle
a3/// …t yāmträ pāyti 9 se ṣamāne
a4/// …sa pāyti : se tane laute ema-
b1-(lyesa) /// – ṣṣe cai tane lauti 60 ॥ se ṣamā-
b2-(ne) /// ṣamāne ṣamānentse sklok erṣäṃ pā-
b3-(yti) /// (ya)maṣṣäṃ pāyti 3 se ṣamāne wa-
b4-(rne) /// (ai)porne wsaṣṣäṃ pāyti 5 se


a1/// he will carry (it) away, without sin. 8
a2/// with (three) proper (materials) the proper (colour) should be done.
a3/// or ... If he does not do (the proper colour), Pāt. 9 If a monk
a4/// except for the occasion, Pāt. There is the following occasion. ... of the heat
b1/// of ... These are the occasions here. 60 || If a monk
b2/// (1) If a monk evokes the doubt of a monk, Pāt.
b3/// (2) If a monk tickles a monk, Pāt. 3 If a monk in the water
b4/// (4 If a monk) lies in one cover (with a woman), Pāt. 5 If a monk (frightens a monk or orders to frighten)


a1Der Eigentümer [wtl. wem es zu eigen ist, der] wird es [ab]holen. (Schmidt 1974: 363)
a3if he does not do it—pātayantika. [5]9 (Peyrot 2013b: 691)
b2(Wenn) ein Mönch [wtl. welcher Mönch] einem Mönch Zweifel verursacht, [so ist das] ein Pātayantika[-Vergehen]. (Schmidt 1974: 330)



According to Broomhead 1962: 84 "[w]ritten in small ductus, and clearly preserved ... right edge of a small four line manuscript".



Ogihara 2009: 59

Online access

IDP: IOL Toch 25


Peyrot 2007: №25; Broomhead 1962: 84-85; Peyrot 2007: №25; Ogihara 2009: 60


Broomhead 1962: a1 a2 a3 a4 b1 b2 b3 b4 (90); Hackstein 1995: b2 (47), b4 (218); Peyrot 2013b: a1 (691), a3 (691); Schmidt 1974: a1 (363), b2 (330)


Broomhead 1962

Broomhead, J.W. 1962. “A textual edition of the British Hoernle, Stein and Weber Kuchean manuscripts. With transliteration, translation, grammatical commentary and vocabulary. I = Edition.” PhD, Cambridge: Trinity College.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Ogihara 2009

Ogihara, Hirotoshi. 2009. “Researches about Vinaya-texts in Tocharian A and B [Recherches sur le Vinaya en tokharien A et B].” PhD, Paris: École Pratique des Hautes Études.

Peyrot 2007

Peyrot, Michaël. 2007. “An edition of the Tocharian fragments IOL Toch 1 – IOL Toch 822 in the India Office Library.” International Dunhuang Project. 2007. http://idp.bl.uk/database/oo_cat.a4d?shortref=Peyrot_2007.

Peyrot 2013b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013b. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD, Universität Göttingen.