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HWB 74(3)

Known as:HWB 74(3)
Cite this page as:Adrian Musitz. "HWB 74(3)". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-hwb743 (accessed 25 May 2024).


Editor:Adrian Musitz


Main find spot:Duldur-akur

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:late

Text contents

Text genre:Non-literary
Text subgenre:Account


Material: ink on paper


a1me ñe ra wa ñe
a2ra wa ñe po me¯ ¯ñä ka pyā re¯ ¯s śwa si ṣṣe ā ka lye kśi ye la¯ ¯ś ca kaṃ ma śa¯ ¯k ṣu¯ ¯k
a3su klyi ke mo ko tse me ñe lye kśye ca[¯] [¯k] tau se ko mpi le tse ka pci
a4ysā re la¯ ¯ś – – – «†to¯»«†¯m» ṣka¯ ¯s to¯ ¯m
a5wä nti śke lyā ka se ka pci
a6sa ṅka ste re a rya kā me tse ṣo tri
a7ste re ñā na te we tse ṣo tri
a8ste re ka lyā na ra kṣi te tse ṣo tri
a9ste re ñā na se ne tse ṣo tri


a1meñe rawañe
a2rawañe po meñ kapyāres śwasiṣṣe āka lyekśiye laś cakaṃma śak ṣuk
a3suklyike mokotse meñe lyekśye cak tau se kompiletse kapci
a4ysāre laś ṣkas tom
a5wäntiśke lyāka se kapci -
a6-saṅkasteren1 aryakāmetse ṣotri
a7stere ñānatewetse ṣotri
a8stere kalyānarakṣitetse ṣotri
a9stere ñānasenetse ṣotri


a1Last month.
a2For the whole last month, āka- and lyekśiye millet for consumption of the kapyāri was spent: seventeen piculs.
a3The month of Suklyike the Moko: lyekśiye-millet: a picul, a peck. This (is) the finger-measure of Kompile.
a4Wheat was spent: six pecks.
a5Wäntiśke saw it. This (is his) finger-measure.
a5Signature of the Saṅkastere Aryakāme.
a6Signature of the Stere Jñānatewe.
a7Signature of the Stere Kalyānarakṣite.
a8Signature of the Stere Jñānasene.


Philological commentary

This document has never been signed by the people listed in the last 4 lines.
n1The kapci-marking is missing here.



Ching 2010: 309-310; Ching 2017: 101; Ching and Rong 2013; Huang 1958


Ching 2010

Ching, Chao-jung. 2010. “Secular documents in Tocharian: Buddhist economy and society in the Kucha region.” {PhD}, Paris: École Pratique des Hautes Études.

Ching 2017

Ching, Chao-jung. 2017. 吐火罗语世俗文献与古代龟兹历史 – Tocharian secular texts and the history of Ancient Kucha. Beijing: Peking University Press.

Ching and Rong 2013

Ching, Chao-jung, and Xinjiang Rong. 2013. “略論黃文弼所發現之四件龜茲語世俗文書 – On the four Kuchean secular documents found by Huang Wenbi.” In 黃文弼所獲西 域文獻論集 – Collected papers on the documents discovered by Huang Wenbi in the Western Regions, 290–312. Beijing: Science Press.

Huang 1958

Huang, Wenbi. 1958. Talimu Pendi kaogu ji [Archaeological report on the Tarim Basin]. Beijing: Kexue Chubanshe.