• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

A 85

Known as:A 85; THT 718
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling. "A 85". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 05 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Gerd Carling


Main find spot:Šorčuq
Specific find spot:Stadthöhle
Expedition code:T III Š 94.05
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script


Text contents

Title of the work:Unmādayantī-Jātaka
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Jātaka/Avadāna
Verse/Prose:prose; verse


Manuscript:A 55-88
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:6


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// tā ki ṣñi ///
a2/// ñi nā kña ntra ///
a3/// – nne wka nyo ///
a4/// ñca¯ ¯m o [ma] ///
a5/// pā ra ge ā mā śtraka¯ ¯s̝ mā n· ///
a6/// ¯m ku pre ne nā ta¯ ¯k tā¯ ¯m na ///
b1/// laṃ pka¯ ¯nt yā mlu ne yā ṣa kka¯ ¯ts ///
b2/// mna¯ ¯s̝ ku sne wa swu na ṣṣā l· ///
b3/// l[k]ā rnā ta¯ ¯k || ///
b4/// ṣśkaṃ śra lu ///
b5/// mpa lmi yä [s]· [i] ///
b6/// lko ma tne ///


a1 /// tākiṣ-ñi ///
a2 /// ñi nākñanträ ///
a3 /// (ta)nne wkänyo ///
a4 /// ñ cam omä ///
a5 n1 /// (abhi)pārage āmāś träṅkäṣ n· ///
a6 n2 /// m kupre ne nātäk tām nṣä(ṣ) ///
b1 n3 /// laṃ pkänt yāmluneyā ṣakk ats ///
b2 n4 /// m naṣ kus ne was wunäṣṣ āl· ///
b3 /// lkār nātäk ॥ ///
b4 /// ṣ śkaṃ śralu /// ///
b5 /// mpäl miyäs(s)i ///
b6 /// lko mät ne ///


a5 the minister Abhipāraga says: Not is
a6 if the master does (not) take it from me
b1 for the hindrance in ... absolutely (no reason) ...
b2 there is none, who different from us two ...



Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).
Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
A small fragment which does not allow for a translation of most of it.

Philological commentary

The translation is largely based on Sieg 1952: 43, and Carling et al. 2009.
The Toharian version is remarkably close to the Sanskrit text in Āryaśūra's Jātakamālā (cf. A 59 and Kern 1891: 80ff.).
n1 Cf. Kern 1891: 84, line 19.
n2 Cf. Kern 1891: 84, line 21.
n3 Cf. Kern 1891: 84, line 22.
n4 Cf. Kern 1891: 84, line 23.


Online access

IDP: THT 718; TITUS: THT 718



Sieg and Siegling 1921a: 49; Sieg and Siegling 1921a p. 49


Sieg 1952: a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 a6 b1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 (43)


Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Kern 1891

Kern, Hendrik. 1891. The Jātaka-Mālā. Stories of Buddha’s former incarnations. Boston: Harvard University Press.

Sieg 1952

Sieg, Emil. 1952. Übersetzungen aus dem Tocharischen II, aus dem Nachlass hg. v. Werner Thomas. Abhandl. d. Deutschen Akad. d. Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Kl. f. Sprachen, Literatur und Kunst 1. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

Sieg and Siegling 1921a

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921a. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”