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THT 69

Known as:THT 69; B 69a; B 69b; Bleistiftnummer 3347
Cite this page as:Melanie Malzahn; Hannes A. Fellner. "THT 69". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-tht69 (accessed 15 Jul. 2024).


Editor:Melanie Malzahn; Hannes A. Fellner


Main find spot:Shorchuk
Expedition code:T III Š 101, T III Š 93
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Udānālaṅkāra
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Doctrine


Manuscript:Udānālaṅkāra C
Material: ink on paper
Size (h × w):12 × 15 cm
Number of lines:6



a1pr· nts· ṣa ñ·· ///
a2– o ṣle pā kre klai n[ä] [m]pa kca tre ṅsa te : [m]· ///
a3rna [ñ]ū ·ñ· rka pa¯ ¯st ceṃ tri ○ ///
a4·e wa tno ā sta l· ○ ///
a5mā ntau śa·· ///
a6·ai ·[o] ///
b2ṣṣi [t]ra ///
b3[k]e mā ka [ntwo] ///
b4mā tri ṣa¯ ¯ñä ka ntwa – ·k· ○ ///
b5meṃ pu dñä kte¯ ¯ś 10-1 yā mṣa ta dhi ṣṭhi¯ ¯t ///
b6– – [sa] nrai ne [mā] – mtsa te ce¯ ¯k [cm]e ///


Xxa1pr(e)nts(e) ṣañ ·· /// a2oṣle pākre klainämpa kca treṅsate :
11d /// a3rna ñū ·ñ· r ka päst ceṃ tri /// (e)a4(p)e wat no āsta /// a5n1 māntau śa /// a6·ai ·o /// b1/// b2ṣṣiträ /// b3ke kantwo /// b4mātri ṣañ kantwa·k· /// (lac) (ost)b5meṃn2 pudñäkteś 10-1
yāmṣat= adhiṣṭhit ///
b6– – sa nraine (te)mtsate ce-k cme(lne) ///


a1... instant(ly) ...
a2... in the evenings (?) [and] in the mornings (?) he attached himself to his wife ...
a4... or however bones ...
a5... destroy ...
b3... not the tongue ...
b4... the mother's own tongue ...
b5... (he went) from the (house) to the Buddha. [11d] He took control of ...
b6... (s)he was not [re]born in hell, in this life ...


a2... abends [und] morgens (?) hängt er sich an eine Frau. (Schmidt 1974: 107-8)


Philological commentary

A six-line fragment, with strophe number 11. Recto and verso side as well as metre cannot be determined with certainty.
n1There is a typo in Sieg and Siegling 1949: the correct reading is māntau śa (not ṣa). (ma)māntau can be a PPt (as suggested by Sieg/Siegling), but māntau may also be a 1.sg. subjunctive.
n2Emendation according to Sieg and Siegling 1983: 95 fn. 5.


Fragment of the left side of a leaf, composed of two smaller pieces, badly damaged. On the edge of the verso side traces of a leaf number are still visible.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Tamai 2011C2
Tamai 2011C14


Online access

IDP: THT 69a, THT 69b; TITUS: THT 69


Sieg and Siegling 1949: I, 80; Sieg and Siegling 1983: 95


Carling 2000: b5 (234); Schmidt 1974: a2 (107f), a2 (107-8); Thomas 1957: a2 (199)


Carling 2000

Carling, Gerd. 2000. Die Funktion der lokalen Kasus im Tocharischen. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD, Universität Göttingen.

Sieg and Siegling 1949

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1949. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 1. Die Udānālaṅkāra-Fragmente. Text, Übersetzung und Glossar. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Sieg and Siegling 1983

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1983. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B. Teil I: Die Texte. Band 1. Fragmente Nr. 1-116 der Berliner Sammlung. Edited by Werner Thomas. Neubearbeitet und mit einem Kommentar nebst Register versehen v. Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/texte/tocharic/thtframe.htm.