• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 136

Known as:THT 136; B 136; Bleistiftnummer 2703
Cite this page as:"THT 136". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 01 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Qizil Miŋ-Öy
Specific find spot:Rothkuppelraum
Expedition code:T III MQR 41 (on the frame); T III MQ 49 (on the fragment)
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:archaic

Text contents

Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Kāvya


Manuscript:THT 133-147
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:8


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// w[ä] tka ltsa ma ks(·)
a2/// ñśau mo 10 7 ṣlyä mñā
a3/// [mnā] yta ri cci wṣi yeṃ e
a4/// nta rwa sā tswe ta rse
a5/// ññe nmeṃ 10 9 kuce – –
a6/// ññ[e] s̝a ññe pi tu meṃ ta
a7/// ṅwno śai ṣṣe se s̝a rma n[ma]
a8/// – ·e – (–) – ·e ·e ///
b1/// – ·s· ///
b2/// ta rko¯ ¯u s̝a ñśau moṃ na
b3/// a ni tya¯ ¯t se śai ṣṣe ppo
b4/// yśā mna wa¯ ¯t l[w]ā sā
b5/// ·[s̝]pa e ṅka rstā tte kla ky·
b6/// o mps̝a ppru tka skeṃ 20 [5]
b7/// [s̝a] rmtsā s̝a ñśa mna ne ta
b8/// [s̝s̝a]ṃ ta ne ra tse re n··


a1 /// wätkaltsa ma ks(a)
a2 /// …ñ śaumo 10-7 ṣlyämñā-
a3 -(na) /// …mnā ytaricci wṣiyeṃ e
a4 /// …ntärwasā tswetär se
a5 /// …ññenmeṃ 10-9 kuce – –
a6 /// ññe ṣäññepi tumeṃ
a7 /// ṅw no śaiṣṣe se ṣärmänma
a8 /// – ·e – – – ·e ·e ///
b1 /// – ·s· ///
b2 /// tärkou ṣäñ śaumoṃ nä –
b3 /// anityat se śaiṣṣe ppo
b4 /// yśāmna wat lwāsā
b5 /// ·ṣpä eṅkärstātte kläky·
b6 /// omp ṣäp prutkäskeṃ 20-5
b7 /// ṣärmtsā ṣäñ śamnane
b8 /// ṣṣäṃ täne ra tseren··



In one frame with THT 135,1.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008b A1
Malzahn 2007e A4
Tamai 2011a A2
Tamai 2011a C14


Online access

IDP: THT 136; TITUS: THT 136


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 70


Krause 1952: a3 (129)



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Krause 1952

Krause, Wolfgang. 1952. Westtocharische Grammatik, Band I. Das Verbum. Heidelberg: Winter.

Malzahn 2007e

Malzahn, Melanie. 2007e. “The most archaic manuscripts of Tocharian B and the varieties of the Tocharian B language.” In Instrumenta Tocharica, edited by Melanie Malzahn, 255–97. Heidelberg: Winter.

Peyrot 2008b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008b. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”