• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 26

Known as:THT 26; B 26; Bleistiftnummer 3334
Cite this page as:Hannes A. Fellner. "THT 26". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 04 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Hannes A. Fellner


Main find spot:Šorčuq
Expedition code:T III Š 95.14
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Udānālaṅkāra
Passage:Book 11 (Śramaṇavarga); part 1, end, and part 2, strophes 1-13.
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Doctrine


Manuscript:Udānālaṅkāra B
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:8


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// ·[k]· ā kla sta rne kre nt· ///
a2/// [śra] ma ṇa vā rgä ntse pa rwe ṣṣe p· ///
a3/// ka ṣa mā ni krau [pe] ///
a4/// kṣi nano nano sklo ka ///
a5/// tra [ś]au la ssu : wñā ///
a6/// wñā ne¯ ¯ś ko ṣṭh· ///
a7/// ṣ· ki ndri nta wa wlā wau 4 wlai ś[k]e ///
a8/// we rtsyaṃ mpa ka ttā keṃ mpa tri [w]e ///
b1/// [ka] ṣṣi nta : ta rknaṃ saṃ va¯ ¯r pa¯ ¯st ///
b2/// sā rmna¯ ¯ś • to tka sā¯ ¯rm śū waṃ mā ///
b3/// kaṃ ka rsnaṃ śa n[m]ā [n]· ///
b4/// ra tri [w]ā tsi swā ra ///
b5/// rne ṅka lpai cce¯ ¯ts la [ṅ]·e ///
b6/// se ntwe ka rkā nte ne kle ///
b7/// 10-1 ci tre ntsa ka lṣlyi dī rgha na [kh]eṃ ///
b8/// – 2 we ña ko ṣṭhi le [ṣa] ///


a1 /// ·k· āklästärne krent· ///
a2 n1 /// śramaṇavārgäntse pärweṣṣe p(āke) ///
a3 n2 /// (mā)ka ṣamāni kraupe ///
a4 /// kṣi näno näno skloka ///
a5 /// t ra śaulassu : wñā ///
a6 n3 /// wñāneś koṣṭh(ile) ///
a7 /// ṣ(e)k indrinta wawlāwau 4 wlaiśke ///
a8 /// wertsyaṃmpa kattākeṃmpa triwe ///
b1 /// käṣṣinta : tärknaṃ saṃvar päst ///
b2 /// sārmnaś • totka sārm śūwaṃ mā ///
b3 n4 /// kaṃ karsnaṃ śänmān(ma) ///
b4 /// rä triwātsi swārä ///
b5 n5 /// rn= eṅkalpaiccets laṅ(ts)e ///
b6 n6 /// s= entwe kärkāntene kle(śanma) ///
b7 /// 10-1 citrents= akalṣlyi dīrghanakheṃ ///
b8 /// (10-)2 weña koṣṭhile ṣa ///


a1 ... he teaches him the good (law) ...
a2 ... of the Śramaṇavarga the first part ....
a3 ... many monks (in the) crowd [of the community] ...
a4 ... he shall proclaim again and again (to the doubting ones) ...
a5 ... [to] anyone, the venerable one. (To him) spoke ...
a6 ... To him Koṣṭhila spoke ...
a7 ... who has always restrained the senses. [4d] Soft ...
a8 ... with the followers, with the householders mingles ...
b1 ... the teachers. He gives up restraint ...
b2 ... for the seeds. If he eats few seeds, not ...
b3 ... when he is, he severs the bonds ...
b4 ... to mingle he finds pleasure ...
b5 ... of those that have not reached a stage, easily ...
b6 ... robbed him then of the kleśas ...
b7 ... [11d] By Citra pupils of Dīrghanakha (were invited?) ...
b8 ...[12d] Koṣṭhila spoke ...


a8 ... mit den Gefolgen, den Haushaltern sich mischt ... (Schmidt 1974: 274)
b6 ... raubten ihm dann die Trü(bungen) ... (Schmidt 1974: 400)


Philological commentary

As indicated by the caption in a2 this is part of the Śramaṇavarga (XI). From the first part of this Varga only the small remnants of line a1 are preserved. The beginning of part 2 includes strophes 1-13a in a 4x12 syllable-metre (rhythm = 5/7).
n1 Emendation according to Sieg and Siegling 1983: 59 fn. 22.
n2 Emendation according to Sieg and Siegling 1983: 60 fn. 1.
n3 Emendation according to Sieg and Siegling 1983: 60 fn. 2.
n4 Emendation according to Sieg and Siegling 1983: 60 fn. 3
n5 Emendation according to Sieg and Siegling 1983: 60 fn. 4
n6 Emendation according to Sieg and Siegling 1983: 60 fn. 5


A small strip of paper, torn off left and right. Beginning with the schnurloch.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Tamai 2011a C2
Tamai 2011a C14


Online access



Sieg and Siegling 1949: I, 44-45; Sieg and Siegling 1983: 59-60 notes 189


Schmidt 1974: a8 (274), b6 (400); Sieg and Siegling 1949: a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 a6 a7 a8 b1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7 b8 (II,43-44); Sieg and Siegling 1983: a4 (189), b5 (189); Thomas 1995: a3 (60)



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Göttingen.

Sieg and Siegling 1949

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1949. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 1. Die Udānālaṅkāra-Fragmente. Text, Übersetzung und Glossar. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Sieg and Siegling 1983

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1983. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B. Teil I: Die Texte. Band 1. Fragmente Nr. 1-116 der Berliner Sammlung. Edited by Werner Thomas. Neubearbeitet und mit einem Kommentar nebst Register versehen v. Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.

Thomas 1995

Thomas, Werner. 1995. Zur tocharischen Syntax. Adverbiales A māk, B māka “viel”. Vol. 2. SbWGF. Stuttgart: Steiner.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”