• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 40

Known as:THT 40; B 40; Bleistiftnummer 3359
Cite this page as:Hannes A. Fellner. "THT 40". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 05 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Hannes A. Fellner


Main find spot:Qizil Miŋ-Öy
Expedition code:T III MQ 17.12
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Udānālaṅkāra
Passage:Book 20 (Krodhavarga), section 2?
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Doctrine


Manuscript:Udānālaṅkāra D
Material: ink on paper
Size (h × w):7 × 9 cm
Number of lines:4


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// śc[o] 10-1 – ·r· ·[ts]· – k· lṣly[i] ·[e] ///
a2/// to tno swe ru wro tsa na 10 2 [we] ///
a3/// [a] ñcā la rne ci ttre tā ka ka ttā ke ///
a4/// ka kā [c]·· [p]·ā ·o ///
b1/// ·[ts]· [p]· [ñs]· [s]· ///
b2/// sai mwä sta : e śne tsa tsā kau mā ///
b3/// kwā ru pyä ṣṣeṃ dhya na nma ṣṣe yā [t]· ///
b4/// nta ·ā s·· [s]o¯ ¯·ä nau ///


11d a1/// śco 10-1
12d – ·r· ·ts· (a)k(a)lṣlyi ; ·e /// a2/// ; tot no sw eru wrotsana 10-2
Xx we /// a3/// añcāl ṣärne cittre tāka kattāke /// a4n1 /// kakāc(cu) p·ā ·o /// b1/// ·ts· p· ñ s· s· /// b2/// saim wästa :
eśne tsatsākau mā ///
b3 /// kw= ārupyäṣṣeṃ dhyananmaṣṣe yāt· ///
b4 /// nta ·ās·· so· nau ///


a1 ... [11d] (By Citra) pupils ... (were invited?) ...
a2 ... for such great ones he caused. [12d] There spoke ...
a3 ... with hands folded was Citra the householder ...
a4 ... pleased (with the fingers) ...
b1 ...
b2 ... o shelter and refuge. With pierced eyes not ...
b3 ... I have (not) lost those which are in a state of formlessness, the ability of meditations ...
b4 ...


Philological commentary

From this fragment, too, only four lines are preserved. It exhibits the strophe numbers 11 and 12, and the metre is 4x14 syllables in a 7/7-rhythm. If part of the Krodhavarga it should be from a second section.
n1 Emendation according to Sieg and Siegling 1983: 74 fn. 6.


In one frame with THT 38 und THT 39. Small fragment from the centre of a leaf.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Tamai 2011a C3
Tamai 2011a C14


Online access



Sieg and Siegling 1949: I, 59-60; Sieg and Siegling 1983: 74-75 notes 206-207


Sieg and Siegling 1949: a1 a2 a3 a4 b1 b2 b3 b4 (II, 59); Thomas 1957: a2 (282); Thomas 1970b: b3 (263)



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Sieg and Siegling 1949

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1949. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 1. Die Udānālaṅkāra-Fragmente. Text, Übersetzung und Glossar. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Sieg and Siegling 1983

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1983. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B. Teil I: Die Texte. Band 1. Fragmente Nr. 1-116 der Berliner Sammlung. Edited by Werner Thomas. Neubearbeitet und mit einem Kommentar nebst Register versehen v. Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1970b

Thomas, Werner. 1970b. “Zu einer stilistischen Besonderheit im Tocharischen.” Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 84: 254–80.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”