• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 366

Known as:THT 366; B 366; Bleistiftnummer 2210
Cite this page as:Adrian Musitz. "THT 366". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 22 Feb. 2024).


Editor:Adrian Musitz


Main find spot:Šorčuq
Expedition code:T III Š 30.1
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Sumati-Avadāna
Passage:Sumat and flower maiden
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Jātaka/Avadāna
Verse/Prose:prose; verse


Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:6


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a2/// su no [t]·u mā t· s· ///
a3/// ·kū we rmeṃ we ṣṣaṃ ne¯ ¯ś ṣe· śk· ///
a4/// [sa] nai sa nai ya ltse ti nā rnta ///
a5/// ma ti we s̝s̝aṃ dī pa ///
b2/// k· pya pyai ka rnā tsi ///
b3/// [wn]· ya sā te sā wra no¯ ¯s̝ c· – tr· ///
b4/// [ta] nta ā mtsa wtsā ne śle kpa || ca ///
b5/// [o] tka sa me pya pyai ntsa a [t]i ///
b6/// lnta pa r[na¯] [¯ś] [r]· ///


a1 ///
a2 /// su no t·u mā t· s· ///
a3 /// (y)kūwermeṃ weṣṣaṃneś ṣe(r)śk(a) ///
a4 /// sanai sanai yaltse tinārnta ///
a5 /// mati weṣṣäṃ dīpa ///
a6 ///
b1 ///
b2 /// k· pyapyai kärnātsi ///
b3 /// wn· yasāte sāw rano c· – tr· ///
b4 /// tänta āmtsa wtsāne ślek ṣpäca ///
b5 /// otkasame pyapyaintsa ati ///
b6 /// lnta parnaś r· ///


Parallel texts

Divy. XVIII, p. 228-262. esp. 249f.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Tamai 2011 C1
Tamai 2011 C14


Online access

IDP: THT 366; TITUS: THT 366


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 241


Hackstein 1995: b2 (312); Thomas 1957: b3 (95), b4 (95), b5 (95); Thomas 1979d: b4 (167)


Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”

Tamai 2011

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1979d

Thomas, Werner. 1979d. “Zur Verwendung von A śla, B śale, śle im Tocharischen.” Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 93: 150–73.