• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

A 407

Known as:A 407; THT 1041
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling. "A 407". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 04 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Gerd Carling


Main find spot:Siŋgim
Expedition code:T II S 19.18
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script


Text contents

Text genre:Literary


Manuscript:A 406-408
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:5


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// ṅka¯ ¯l • ///
a2/// lā laṃ ṣk· – suk· ś· ///
a3/// [c]· rkā pñe ā ri¯ ¯ñcä pā ca¯ ¯r ///
a4/// ·ā¯ ¯p bo dhi sa tvā¯ ¯p pu¯ ¯k ma rma¯ ¯ñä ///
a5/// saṃ mo saṃ • ta myo¯ ¯k tu tā pa¯ ¯rk tr· ///
b1/// [ś]k· ma rro ntaṃ ri ñtā ra¯ ¯m • tri ñe mi nt[w]ā ///
b2/// pa ñcmo lwā ṣi na¯ ¯s wra ssaṃ rse p[u] ///
b3/// wo ta¯ ¯k śī ka¯ ¯s ku l· ///
b4/// hi bhi k· – – wā ci ///
b5/// • tma s̝·· ///


a1 /// ṅkäl • ///
a2 /// lālaṃṣk· – suk· ś· ///
a3 /// c·r kāpñe āriñc pācar ///
a4 /// ·āp bodhisatvāp puk marmañ ///
a5 /// säṃ mosaṃ • tämyok tu tāpärk tr· ///
b1 /// śk· marr ontaṃ riñtāräm • tri ñemintwā ///
b2 /// päñ cmolwāṣinäs wrassaṃ rse pu ///
b3 /// wotäk śīkäs kul· ///
b4 /// hi bhik· – – wā ci ///
b5 /// • tmäṣ ·· ///



Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).
Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.



Online access

IDP: THT 1041; TITUS: THT 1041


Sieg and Siegling 1921a: 226-227; Sieg and Siegling 1921a p. 226, p. 227


Sieg and Siegling 1983: b1 (167); Thomas 1958b: b1 (305)


Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Sieg and Siegling 1921a

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921a. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.

Sieg and Siegling 1983

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1983. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B. Teil I: Die Texte. Band 1. Fragmente Nr. 1-116 der Berliner Sammlung. Edited by Werner Thomas. Neubearbeitet und mit einem Kommentar nebst Register versehen v. Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Thomas 1958b

Thomas, Werner. 1958b. “Zum Gebrauch des prohibitiven mar bzw. im Tocharischen.” Central Asiatic Journal 3: 289–308.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”