• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 259

Known as:THT 259; B 259; Bleistiftnummer 2633
Cite this page as:"THT 259". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 03 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Qizil Miŋ-Öy
Specific find spot:Rothkuppelraum
Expedition code:T III MQR 89 (on the frame)/ T III MQ 69 (on the fragment)
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:archaic

Text contents

Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Kāvya


Manuscript:THT 252-265
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:5


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// skeṃ kuse [o] ñtn· ka rtka s̝s̝aṃ ///
a2/// ñcr· [kly]au ṣtsi swā re sā naṃ tsne mce pa lsko [ka] [ka] ///
a3/// skwä ntā sa kre [n]· – – – ma ske ta¯ ¯r ce tsṣe ///
b3/// [lkā] tsi kuse pta nm[a] – – [n]e keṃ [ṣ]e kto no kaṃ [ka] ///
b4/// [ā] stri i ndri ntā sa 20 4 snai ra se¯ ¯r snai ·o ·ai ///
b5/// ñce [ṣai] ·ī ·e [pu] dñä kte ·e ///


18b 12σ /// skeṃ
18c kuse oñtn(e) kärtkäṣṣäṃ ///
18d 13σ
19a a2 /// ñcr· klyauṣtsi swāre sānäṃts
19b nemce pälsko käkä ///
19c 13σ
19d a3/// skwäntāsa kren· – – –
20a mäsketär cets ṣe ///
23d a4/// b3
24a 11σ /// lkātsi
24b kuse ptänma – – ne keṃ ṣek tonokäṃ kä ///
24c 13σ
24d b4 /// āstri indrintāsa 20-4
25a snai räser snai (śc)o(n)ai ///
b5 /// ñce ṣai ·ī ·e pudñäkte ·e ///



Fragment of the leaf directly following THT 258. Lines a5 and b1-2 are lost.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008b A1
Tamai 2011a C1
Tamai 2011a C14


Online access

IDP: THT 259; TITUS: THT 259


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 159


Krause 1952: a1 (185)



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Krause 1952

Krause, Wolfgang. 1952. Westtocharische Grammatik, Band I. Das Verbum. Heidelberg: Winter.

Peyrot 2008b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008b. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”