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THT 4078.a

Known as:THT 4078.a; SHT 637.a; [Uv.]TA.a; Bleistiftnr. 5538
Cite this page as:Michaël Peyrot. "THT 4078.a". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-sht637a (accessed 02 Dec. 2023).

Edition

Editor:Michaël Peyrot

Provenience

Main find spot:Murtuq
Specific find spot:M Hö. II
Expedition code:T III M 146
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Language:TA; Sanskrit
Script:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Udānavarga
Passage:22.2b-8d
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Doctrine
Verse/Prose:prose; verse

Object

Manuscript:THT 4078
Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Number of lines:5

Images

Images from idp.bl.uk by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.

Transliteration

a1/// – ma ṣṣo k[i] : v· j· n· t[ā] ·[t]u [s]· [d]dh· – [m] ///
a2/// e pu ○ kka¯ ¯ts : pra vi – ///
a3/// – mnu ○ mā lkā¯ ¯s̝ ///
a4/// ·ā ○ ti : mā ka – ///
a5/// te [y]· thā : ā ś[nu]¯ (–) ///
b1/// [k]· klyu ṣu [r]a ///
b2/// s̝a ○ kā rya¯ ¯p – ///
b3/// – sa ○ mā hi ta ḥ ///
b4/// ka klyu ○ ṣu : 7 a l[pa] ///
b5/// – : pā pṣ[u] ne y[u] « (–) »ṣ(·)[a]¯ ¯m [pa] l·ā [n]· : [ta] ///

Transcription

a1 n1 /// – mäṣṣ oki : v(i)j(ā)n(a)tā(n) tu s(a)ddh(arma)m ///
a2 n2n3 /// epukk ats : pravi(śya) ///
a3 n4 /// (aśnu)m nu mā lkāṣ ///
a4 n5 /// (na) (vijān)āti : mā ka(klyuṣuräṣ) ///
a5 n6 /// (paśya)te y(a)thā : āśnu(m) ///
b1 n7 /// k(a)klyuṣurä(ṣ) ///
b2 n8 /// (kaklyuṣurä)ṣ«†ä» kāryap – ///
b3 n9 /// (a)samāhitaḥ ///
b4 n10 /// kaklyuṣu : 7 alpa(śruto) ///
b5 n11n12 /// – : pāpṣuneyu(mä)ṣ (c)am päl(l)ān(trä) : ta(sya) ///

Translation

a1 [TA] ... like immortals. [SKT] But [who] know the good law ...
a2 [TA] ... well covered. [SKT] going into ...
a3 [TA] though having eyes he does not see [them].
a4 [SKT] ... does not distinguish. [TA] Not having heard (= studied) ...
a5 [SKT] ... like one ... can see, [TA] (Like) one having eyes ...
b1 [TA] ... having heard (= studied) ...
b2 [TA] ... having heard (= studied) (one can distinguish) evil ...
b3 [SKT] ... not concentrated ...
b4 [TA] ... heard. [SKT] Who has heard little ...
b5 [TA] ... because of his having moral behaviour they praise him. [SKT] Him ...

Commentary

Parallel texts

Tocharian B Udānavarga bilinguals m-ioltoch70, m-ioltoch149

Remarks

A fragment that preserves practically the whole string hole space and the full height, but no margins.

Philological commentary

n1 /// – mäṣṣ oki: translates Skt. amarā iva 'like immortals' Uv.22.2b. A form of oṅkraci 'immortal' is excluded; it is certainly the nom. pl.m. ending of an adj. in -um, perhaps mā wlaluneyum 'not dying'?
n2 Uv.22.3a yathā hy agāraṃ succhannaṃ
n3 epukk ats: the emphatic particles render su- in Skt. succhannaṃ of Uv.22.3a.
n4 The Skt. text of Uv.22.3d is cakṣuṣmāṃ hi na paśyati. Although cakṣuṣmāṃ 'having eyes' is restored in Bernhard's Bernhard 1965, it is abundantly secured, e.g. by the Gāndhārī Dharmapada 251d, cakhkṣuma (Brough 1962: 159) and Tib. 22.3d mig ldan. The TA correspondence is certainly an adj. ending in -um, i.e. aśnum.
n5 Uv.22.4c: aśrutvā na vijānāti.
n6 Uv.22.5b: cakṣuṣmāṃ paśyate yathā.
n7 Uv.22.6a: śrutvā dharmāṃ vijānāti.
n8 Uv.22.6b: śrutvā pāpaṃ na sevate.
n9 Uv.22.7b: śīleṣu tv asamāhitaḥ.
n10 Uv.22.7d-8a: nāsya saṃpadyate śrutam // 7 alpaśruto ’pi ced bhavati
n11 Uv.22.8c-d: śilatas taṃ praśaṃsanti tasya saṃpadyate śrutam
n12 pāpṣ[u]ney[u]ṣ a cross above the line between the akṣaras y[u] and ṣ(·)[a] marks an addition below, which is itself lost. Probably we have to read pāpṣuneyu(mä)ṣ as a translation of śilatas and restore the addition as ma.

References

Online access

IDP: THT 4078

Edition

Bernhard 1965: 79, 285-286; Malzahn 2007g: 81; Hahn 2007: 75-76; Waldschmidt and et al. 1965: 285

Bibliography

Bernhard 1965

Bernhard, Franz. 1965. Udānavarga. Band I, Einleitung, Beschreibung der Handschriften, Textausgabe, Bibliographie. Sanskrittexte aus den Turfanfunden 10. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht.

Brough 1962

Brough, John. 1962. The Gāndhārī Dharmapada. London.

Hahn 2007

Hahn, Michael. 2007. Vom rechten Leben, Buddhistische Lehren aus Indien und Tibet, Aus dem Sanskrit und aus dem Tibetischen übersetzt und herausgegeben. Frankfurt am Main/Leipzig: Verlag der Weltreligionen (im Insel Verlag).

IDP

“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Malzahn 2007g

Malzahn, Melanie. 2007g. “Tocharian texts and where to find them.” In Instrumenta Tocharica, edited by Melanie Malzahn, 79–112. Heidelberg: Winter.

Waldschmidt and et al. 1965

Waldschmidt, Ernst, and et al. 1965. Sanskrithandschriften aus den Turfanfunden. Teil 1. Die Katalognummern 1–801. Unter Mitarbeit von Walter Clawiter und Lore Holzmann. Vol. 1. Verzeichnis der orientalischen Handschriften in Deutschland. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag.