• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

IOL Toch 105

Known as:IOL Toch 105; H 149.316; A.316
Cite this page as:Michaël Peyrot. "IOL Toch 105". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 09 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Michaël Peyrot


Main find spot:Unknown
Collection:British Library (London)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Text genre:Literary


Material: ink on paper
Size (h × w):4.4 × 8.9 cm
Number of lines:4


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project and the British Library.


a1/// – – – – – – ·[ñ]· – ///
a2/// pte la reṃ śau la ce nke ma we ta ne [10] ///
a3/// pe lkī¯ ¯ñ kā ttsi we ss̝a pce la reṃ śau l· ///
a4/// ·o rk·o [k]·au ·e ñ·a [ṣ]·e ypa ·ṃ ///
b1/// t· (–) – – [n]· k· nts· [l]· ///
b2/// tka lpa lsko ne ptā ka p[ī] to twe kpyo ///
b3/// – ttse 30 4 wä ttsi we stwo ṣṣe me ko – ///
b4/// – (–) – ///


10x /// – – – – – – ·ñ· – /// a2 /// …pte lareṃ śaulä ce nkemä wetane 10
34x /// a3/// pelkīñ kāttsi wes ṣäp ce lareṃ śaul(ä) /// a4/// ·o rk·o k·au ·e ñ·a ṣ·e ypa ·ṃ /// b1/// t· – – – n· k· nts· l· /// b2/// …tkal pälskone ptāka pīto twek pyo(p) /// b3/// – ttse 30-4
wättsi wes twoṣ ṣeme ko – ///
b4 /// – – – ///


a2 We will each lose this dear life in battle. (Peyrot 2013c: 295)



According to Broomhead 1962a: 286 "[w]ritten in medium ductus and slightly abraded. The middle of a manuscript with originally at least four lines."

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008b A2
Tamai 2011a C14


Online access

IDP: IOL Toch 105


Peyrot 2007a: №105; Broomhead 1962a: 286


Hackstein 1995: a2 (85), b3 (348); Krause 1952: b3 (163); Peyrot 2013c: a2 (295)


Broomhead 1962a

Broomhead, J. W. 1962a. “A textual edition of the British Hoernle, Stein and Weber Kuchean manuscripts. With transliteration, translation, grammatical commentary and vocabulary. I = Edition.” PhD thesis, Cambridge: Trinity College.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Krause 1952

Krause, Wolfgang. 1952. Westtocharische Grammatik, Band I. Das Verbum. Heidelberg: Winter.

Peyrot 2007a

Peyrot, Michaël. 2007a. “An edition of the Tocharian fragments IOL Toch 1 – IOL Toch 822 in the India Office Library.” International Dunhuang Project.

Peyrot 2008b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008b. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Peyrot 2013c

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013c. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.