• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

A 389

Known as:A 389; THT 1023
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling. "A 389". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 05 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Gerd Carling


Main find spot:Bezeklik
Expedition code:T III M146.10
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Language:TA; Sanskrit

Text contents

Title of the work:Bilingual
Text genre:Literary


Manuscript:A 387-390
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:4


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// rñe kro pi¯ ¯s kño¯ ¯m • ku pre
a2/// ·th· – p· pṣu ne wka tkā lu ne kle
a3/// ma¯ ¯rśä pla¯ ¯k nāṃ tsu || ta tra pa ñcā
a4/// [dhā] tu ṣi e ṅka¯ ¯l • pra tha ma • saṃ
b1/// rth· • u pā dāṃ ṣi a¯ ¯rthä nāṃ tsu • ka
b2/// t[i] • maṃ tne e tu ṣu rma¯ ¯s̝ po¯ ¯r twa
b3/// w· nyo • u pa «nā» ha «†ta» nā rtho vā
b4/// ā ñcä¯ ¯m wä ntā lu ne


a1 /// rñe kropis«ä»k ñom • kupre
a2 /// ·th· (•) p(ā)pṣune wkätkālune kle…
a3 /// marś pläk nāṃtsu ॥ tatra pañcā
a4 /// dhātuṣi eṅkäl • prathama • saṃ
b1 /// rth· • upādāṃṣi arth nāṃtsu • ka
b2 /// ti • mäṃt ne etu ṣurmaṣ por twa
b3 /// w·nyo • upanāhanārtho vā
b4 /// āñcäm wäntālune


b1 ... being an object pertaining to the clinging ...
b2 ... how because of which cause (?) he lit (?) the fire
b4 /// the enveloping [of] oneself



Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).
Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.



Online access

IDP: THT 1023; TITUS: THT 1023


Sieg and Siegling 1921a: 216; Sieg and Siegling 1921a p. 216


Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Sieg and Siegling 1921a

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921a. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”