• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 397

Known as:THT 397; B 397; THT 1608.a; Prelim. No. 534
Cite this page as:"THT 397". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 11 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Qizil Miŋ-Öy
Expedition code:T III MQ 17.37
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Unknown
Verse/Prose:prose; verse


Manuscript:THT 396-397
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:5



a1/// [w]· s̝s̝aṃ mā ga [dh]· – – – ·t· e re ///
a2/// te ṣṣe a mā k· – – ¯s̝ ne sa lye kre [nt]· ///
a3/// s̝s̝a[ṃ] || ta ne wa l· – – – – – sta[¯] [¯]r ñi ///
a4/// ·e sa yo – – ne ra mn[o] rṣā keṃ ///
b2/// kā re – – – mt· ///
b3/// ṣṣī mn[e] s[e] – – – – mā – wa¯ ¯t [u] – [lv]· ///
b4/// [pre] kaṃ || pa ṇḍu rā – [ññ]· n· || kuse ly· lyko rme· ///
b5/// || u rbi lva k· – – – s̝[s̝]aṃ || ///


a1 /// w(e)ṣṣäṃ māgadh· – – – ·t· ere ///
a2 /// teṣṣe amāk· – – nesalye krent· ///
a3 /// ṣṣäṃ ॥ tane wal· – – – – – stär ñi ///
a4 /// ·esa yo – – ne ram no rṣākeṃ ///
b1 ///
b2 /// kāre – – – mt· ///
b3 /// ṣṣīmne se – – – – mā – wat u(rbi) lv(a) ///
b4 /// prekṣäṃpaṇḍurā(ṅkä)ññ(e)n(e)kuse ly(e)lykorme(ṃ) ///
b5 /// ॥ urbilvak(āśyape) (we)ṣṣäṃ ॥ ///



The original of this fragment was long registered as "missing". The original was re-identified under the new press mark THT 1608.a by Ilya Itkin (p.c. 16 May 2016). The main press mark will now again be THT 397.


Online access

IDP: THT 397, THT 1608a; TITUS: THT 397, THT 1608


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 264; Tamai 2007a: №1608



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2007a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2007a. “A preliminary edition of unpublished texts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” Thesaurus indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan collection.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”