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IOL Toch 122 JOIN

Known as:IOL Toch 122 JOIN; H 149.331; IOL Toch 122; U 10.; IOL Toch 772; Tb 076
Cite this page as:Michaël Peyrot. "IOL Toch 122 JOIN". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-ioltoch122_join (accessed 22 Apr. 2024).

Edition

Editor:Michaël Peyrot

Provenience

Main find spot:Unknown
Collection:British Library (London)

Language and Script

Language:Skt.; TB
Linguistic stage:classical
Script:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Udānavarga
Passage:12.8b-12.13b
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Doctrine
Verse/Prose:prose

Object

Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Size (h × w):4.2 × 2.9 cm

Images

Images from idp.bl.uk by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project and the British Library.

Transliteration

a1/// jña yā – /// /// n[i] rvi dya te – ///
a2/// ś·· 8 ā – /// /// – sa ye sa ññi ssa ytā ///
a3/// – ra – /// /// – s̝s̝a lle • ā khyā tā r[a] ///
a4/// ṣ·ā [ś]a lya ni kṛ nda na ///
a5/// – (– –) – ///
b2/// – : s· e mpr· tsa se s̝pa ///
b3/// ·[y]· ma kt· /// /// gā cchā kya mu ni ḥ sa [m]· ///
b4/// ·[ā] ti ga ṇ· /// /// – nne ṣe kṣe ka 10 2 [e] ///
b5/// ñca • mā /// /// – [r]i we s̝s̝aṃ se ///

Transcription

a1 n1n2 /// (pra)jñayā – /// /// nirvidyate – ///
a2 n3n4 /// …ś(cä) 8 ā(khyāto) /// /// (ākṣu)sa yesäñ ñissa ytā(rye) ///
a3 n5n6 /// (ka)ra(ṇīyam) /// /// (yama)ṣṣälle • ākhyātāra(s) ///
a4 n7 /// (tṛ)ṣ(ṇ)āśalyanikṛndana(ḥ) ///
a5 /// – – – – ///
b2 n8 /// – : s(e) empr(eṃ)tsa se ṣpä ///
b3 n9n10 /// (ytār)y(e) mäkt(e) /// /// (adhya)gāc chākyamuniḥ sam(āhitaḥ) ///
b4 n11n12 /// (cākhy)āti gaṇ(eṣv) /// /// (kraupe)nne ṣek-ṣekä 10-2 e(kāyanaṃ) ///
b5 n13n14 /// (lkāṣṣe)ñca • mā(rgaṃ) /// /// (ytā)ri weṣṣäṃ se ///

Translation

a1 [SKT] (if one recognises [that]) through wisdom /// /// [SKT] (then) he turns away (from sorrow)
a2 [TB] (this is the way) to (complete purity) [SKT] (I have) taught (you the way) /// /// [TB] I have taught you the way
a3 [SKT] ([this] is) to be done (by you;) /// /// [TB] ([this] is) to be done (by you;) [SKT] (Tathāgatas) teach [it]
a4 [SKT] it destroys the thorn of craving
a5 ...
b2 [TB] it is straight, and it is ([the way of] exertion)
b3 [TB] like (the only certain) way (of flamingos to the pond) /// /// [SKT] (which) Śākyamuni attained concentrated
b4 [SKT] and (which) he teaches (constantly) in the assemblies /// /// [TB] (and which he teaches) constantly in the assemblies [SKT] (seeing the end of rebirth and old age) [he proclaims] the only certain [way]
b5 [TB] seeing (the end of rebirth and old age [he proclaims] the only certain [way]) [SKT] (he proclaims) the [only certain] way, (kind and compassionate) /// /// [TB] he proclaims the [only certain] way, (kind and compassionate)

Commentary

Parallel texts

Bernhard 1965: 194-196; Chakravarti 1930: 143-146; Hahn 2007: 47-48

Philological commentary

The size of the lacuna between the left hand fragment IOL Toch 772 and the right hand fragment IOL Toch 122 may be estimated between 7 and 14 akṣaras on the basis of the following speculative restorations (for several correspondences there are more possibilities, which are not noted here):
The difference between 7 akṣ. for lines a3/b3 and 10-14 akṣ. for lines a1-2/b4-5 suggests that a3/b3 contained the string hole space. On the basis of IOL Toch 122 b2, which preserves 7 full akṣaras on 6,4 cms, the size of a lacuna of 11-12 akṣaras may have been approximately 10 cms.
n1 Uv.12.8b-c prajñayā paśyate yadā | atha nirvidyate duḥkhād
n2 (pra)jñayā (paśyate yadā aiśamñesa lkāṣṣäṃ krui atha) nirvidyate = 14 akṣ.
n3 Uv.12.8d-9a eṣa mārgo viśuddhaye // 8 ākhyāto vo mayā mārgaḥ
n4 ā(khyāto vo mayā mārgaḥ ākṣu)sa = 10 akṣ.
n5 Uv.12.9c-d yuṣmābhir eva karaṇīyam ākhyātāras tathāgatāḥ
n6 (ka)ra(ṇīyam yessa yama)ṣṣälle = 7 akṣ.
n7 Uv.12.10b tṛṣṇāśalyanikṛntanaḥ; all manuscripts used by Bernhard 1965: 195, including this one, read °nikṛndana°
n8 Uv.12.12a eṣo ’ñjaso hy eṣa ca vai parākramas
n9 Uv.12.12b-c tv ekāyano haṃsapatho yathā hrade | yam adhyagāc chākyamuniḥ samāhitas
n10 mäkt(e yolmeścä • yam adhya)gāc = 7 akṣ.
n11 Uv.12.12d-13a tam eva cākhyāti gaṇeṣv abhīkṣṇaśaḥ || 12 ekāyanaṃ jātijarāntadarśī
n12 gaṇ(eṣv abhīkṣṇaśaḥ tāu ṣpä aksaṣṣäṃ kraupe)nne = 12 akṣ.
n13 Uv.12.13a-b ekāyanaṃ jātijarāntadarśī mārgaṃ vadaty eṣa hitānukampī
n14 mā(rgaṃ vadaty eṣa hitānukampī ytā)ri = 11 akṣ.

Remarks

This fragment (IOL Toch 122, right) is from the same leaf as IOL Toch 772, left: IOL Toch 772 a1-3 and IOL Toch 772 b3-5 precede IOL Toch 122 a1-3 and IOL Toch 122 b3-5 by approximately 7 to 14 akṣ. or 10 cms (see the philological commentary for details). Traces of lines a5 and b1, which contained Uv.12.10c-11d, can be discerned. If the string hole space covered only a3/b3, the manuscript must originally have had 5 lines.

References

Online access

IDP: IOL Toch 122, IOL Toch 772

Edition

Sieg and Siegling 1932: 495-496; Lévi 1933: 46; Thomas 1971: 21-22; Peyrot 2007: №122; Peyrot 2008a: 100

Translations

Hackstein 1995: a2 (332)

Bibliography

Bernhard 1965

Bernhard, Franz. 1965. Udānavarga. Band I, Einleitung, Beschreibung der Handschriften, Textausgabe, Bibliographie. Sanskrittexte aus den Turfanfunden 10. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht.

Chakravarti 1930

Chakravarti, Niranjan Prasad. 1930. L‘Udānavarga sanskrit, Texte sanscrit en transcription, avec traduction et annotations, suivi d‘une étude critique et de planches. Tome premier (Chapitres I à XXI). Paris: Geuthner.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Hahn 2007

Hahn, Michael. 2007. Vom rechten Leben, Buddhistische Lehren aus Indien und Tibet, Aus dem Sanskrit und aus dem Tibetischen übersetzt und herausgegeben. Frankfurt am Main/Leipzig: Verlag der Weltreligionen (im Insel Verlag).

IDP

“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Lévi 1933

Lévi, Sylvain. 1933. Fragments de textes koutchéens. Udānavarga, Udānastotra, Udānālaṁkāra et Karmavibhaṅga, publiés et traduits avec un vocabulaire et une introduction sur le «tokharien». Paris: Imprimerie Nationale.

Peyrot 2007

Peyrot, Michaël. 2007. “An edition of the Tocharian fragments IOL Toch 1 – IOL Toch 822 in the India Office Library.” International Dunhuang Project. http://idp.bl.uk/database/oo_cat.a4d?shortref=Peyrot_2007.

Peyrot 2008a

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008a. “More Sanskrit – Tocharian B bilingual Udānavarga fragments.” Indogermanische Forschungen 113: 83–125.

Sieg and Siegling 1932

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1932. “Udānavarga-Uebersetzungen in ‘Kucischer Sprache,’ 1930-32.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 6: 483–99.

Thomas 1971

Thomas, Werner. 1971. Bilinguale Udānavarga-Texte der Sammlung Hoernle. Abhandlungen d. Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Klasse 7. Mainz: Verlag d. Akad. d. Wissenschaften und d. Literatur.