• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 553

Known as:THT 553; B 55; Bleistiftnummer 2508
Cite this page as:"THT 553". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 11 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Qizil Miŋ-Öy
Expedition code:T III MQ 73.8, T III MQ 69
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:archaic

Text contents

Title of the work:Praise of the Āryamarga
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Doctrine


Manuscript:THT 552-557
Following fragment:THT 554
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:6


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a2/// – – k(·) ///
a3/// – ṅke po ○ yś[i] [t]s(·) ///
a4/// – tsa¯ ¯tsä ·[au] ///
b1/// pi tmeṃ tne knai ya taṃ ///
b2/// rnai snai lyi paṃ¯ ¯r 9 [śtw]e ///
b3/// ·[s]k· ·n· [ta] [ne] ya taṃ pru tka stsi pra ha [rn]e ///
b4/// ra ti pa [tta] tsme nta rs̝pa • piṃ¯ ¯ś i ndri ṣi mai ///
b5/// l· [t]si : po ra ta [nta] wo ko ntraṃ yta rye [l]·· ///
b6/// nma nai ñu mka o kta ta ne ya ///

(continues on THT 554)


a1 ///
a2 /// – – k· ///
a3 /// – ṅke poyśi(ṃ)ts(e) ///
a4 /// – tsa(ṃ)ts ·au ///
a5 ///
a6 ///
b1 /// pitmeṃ tnek nai yatäṃ ///
b2 /// r nai snai lyipaṃr 9 śtwe ///
b3 /// ·sk· ·n· täne yatäṃ prutkästsi praharne ///
b4 /// rätipatta tsmentar ṣpä • piṃś indriṣi mai ///
b5 /// l·tsi : po ratanta wokonträ-ṃ ytarye l·· ///
b6 /// nma nai ñumka okta tane ya ///

(continues on THT 554)


b1 he is able to … from the Tuṣita-heaven (Peyrot 2013c: 665)
b3 he is able to lock up (Peyrot 2013c: 665)
b6 he is able to (drive off) the ninety-eight kleśas (?) (Peyrot 2013c: 665)



In one frame with THT 555. The manuscript THT 522-557 consists of two layers of paper cut from a Chinese scroll. On this leaf, on one side only part of the Tocharian has been preserved (this part has not been edited in Sieg and Siegling 1953, where only the "Rückseite" is given. To be consistent, this non-edited part is here given as recto side (even though on IDP the sides have been switched).

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008b A2
Tamai 2011a A3


Online access

IDP: THT 553; TITUS: THT 553


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 348-349


Hackstein 1995: b5 (128); Peyrot 2013c: b1 (665), b3 (665), b6 (665)


Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Peyrot 2008b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008b. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Peyrot 2013c

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013c. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”