• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 417

Known as:THT 417; B 417; Bleistiftnummer 2431
Cite this page as:"THT 417". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 05 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Murtuq
Expedition code:T III M 169.16
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:late

Text contents

Title of the work:History of Kuchean kings
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:History


Manuscript:THT 415-421
Leaf number:100-20
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:5


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1– – – – – [t]· pā ke ///
a2ñc· ·pr· t· ss· • [p]· [c]· rwa ///
a3– tstse a śyaṃ ñe pa¯ ¯t ///
a4pta ma s̝pa mā ka wai pe ///
a5mā ·i – lye lya ko rmeṃ ///
b1ṣai ka rtse ykne • sva rṇa p[u] ///
b2pa lskno¯ ¯yä śe mne¯ ¯ś ñ· ///
b3[ma] ska ṣṣa¯ ¯r pa¯ ¯t kre¯ ¯nt ///
b4ne – [m]ā ne ta ·[ā] ki śkai ///
b5– – – – – (–) ṣe sa ///


a1 – – – – – t· pāke ///
a2 ñc· ·pr· t· ss· • p· c·r wa ///
a3 – tstse aśyaṃñe pat ///
a4 ptama ṣpä māka waipe ///
a5 mā ·i – lyelyakormeṃ ///
b1 ṣai kärtseykne • svarṇapu ///
b2 pälsknoy śem-neś ñ· ///
b3 maskäṣṣar pat krent ///
b4 ne (ṣa)māne ta(p)ākiśkai ///
b5 – – – – – – ṣesa ///


Online access

IDP: THT 417; TITUS: THT 417


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 278


Thomas 1995: a4 (67)



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Thomas 1995

Thomas, Werner. 1995. Zur tocharischen Syntax. Adverbiales A māk, B māka “viel”. Vol. 2. SbWGF. Stuttgart: Steiner.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”