• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 291.b

Known as:THT 291.b; B 291 Frgm.; Bleistiftnummer 2664
Cite this page as:Michaël Peyrot. "THT 291.b". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 03 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Michaël Peyrot


Main find spot:Qizil Miŋ-Öy
Specific find spot:Rothkuppelraum
Expedition code:T III MQR 13
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:archaic

Text contents

Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Kāvya


Manuscript:THT 291
Material: ink on paper


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// [k]l· – ·ts· ///
a2/// rts[e] ta pre meṃ klo yo ma ne stā m[m]e(·) ///
a3/// tu me[ṃ] [ksa] mā [t]ri ka tsā meṃ sū l[n]a s̝s̝a(·) ///
a4/// kle mp[e] lye sū [w]ä rpnā tra prā – ///
b1/// – (·)[t]ra ///
b2/// (–) – – (– –) [¯]p e [t]te[¯] [¯]śä ·[s]· ///
b3/// – ā sta – – ñm[e] kwā – kapa pi ///
b4/// ·e [kus]e [a] k· ṣṣi – – ś[ai] [ṣ]ṣe ne ne ///
b5/// [o] – (– –) – [k]· ///


a1 /// kl· – ·ts· ///
a2 /// rtse täpremeṃ kloyomane stāmme(ṃ) ///
a3 /// tumeṃ ksa mātri katsāmeṃ lnaṣṣä(ṃ) ///
a4 /// (lä)kl= empelye wärpnāträ prā – ///
b1 /// – ·trä ///
b2 /// – – – – – p etteś ·s· ///
b3 /// – āsta – – ñ mekwā – kä ṣpä pi ///
b4 /// ·e kuse ak·ṣṣi – – śaiṣṣene ne ///
b5 /// o – – – – k· ///



The whole fragment, but especially the verso, is badly abraded (Sieg and Siegling 1953: 182 edited only the recto).

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008b A2
Tamai 2011a C1
Tamai 2011a C14


Online access

IDP: THT 291b; TITUS: THT 291


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 182



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Peyrot 2008b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008b. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”