• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.

Work in progress

IOL Toch 414.a

Known as:IOL Toch 414.a; D 55
Cite this page as:Michaël Peyrot. "IOL Toch 414.a". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 25 Feb. 2024).


Editor:Michaël Peyrot


Main find spot:Unknown
Collection:British Library (London)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Text genre:Literary


Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:4


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project and the British Library.


a1/// – ///
a2/// n· yā mo rnta ke te tā k· y· ///
a3/// [s]u me rso lypo ke tt[ā] kaṃ : pa [p]ā ///
a4/// – ya rke yā [m]·a re : ///
b1/// l[po] kus· ko [s]· ·m· ·s· ///
b2/// ntsa sa ṣa rka stra [10] 7 ka ṇa ///
b3/// l[s]·o sa : ka nte so lme k·i ///
b4/// ·e – – ·e ///


a1 /// – ///
a2 /// n· yāmornta kete tāk· y· ///
a3 /// sumers= olypo ket tākaṃ : papā… ///
a4 /// – yarke yām(ṣ)are : ///
b1 /// …lpo kus(e) kos· ·m· ·s· ///
b2 /// …ntsasa ṣarkästrä 10-7 kaṇa ///
b3 /// (pa)ls(k)osa : kante solme k·i ///
b4 /// ·e – – ·e ///


Philological commentary

The press mark consists of two fragments, a and b (very small).


Online access

IDP: IOL Toch 414.a


Peyrot 2007: №414



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Peyrot 2007

Peyrot, Michaël. 2007. “An edition of the Tocharian fragments IOL Toch 1 – IOL Toch 822 in the India Office Library.” International Dunhuang Project.