• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 548

Known as:THT 548; THT 1357; Prelim. no. Toch 194
Cite this page as:"THT 548". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 09 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Siŋgim
Expedition code:T II S 19.3
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Language:TB; Sanskrit
Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Commentary on a Sanskrit doctrinal text
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Doctrine


Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:6


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// ·t· • smṛ tyā gṛ hi tā ca – – ca sa mu ///
a2/// rsa s̝s̝aṃ • kuce tu ṣe ṣ[e] a kṣā rnta ko [ynma] ynmeṃ lt· ///
a3/// ta tā ka rm· [ṃ] to¯ ¯y a kṣā rnta i me sa e ṅ[ku] ///
a4/// s· ce ku rwe lye ste we rśa ñai meṃ ///
a5/// ·[ya] ca sā ya [t]e ///


a1 /// ·t· • smṛtyā gṛhitā ca – – ca samu ///
a2 /// rsaṣṣäṃ • kuce tu ṣe ṣe akṣārnta koynmaynmeṃ lt· ///
a3 /// tatākarm(e) ṃ toy akṣārnta imesa eṅku ///
a4 /// s· ce kurwelye ste wer śañaimeṃ ///
a5 /// ·yacasāya te ///



The manuscript has now the pressmark THT 1357; verso Chinese.


Online access

IDP: THT 548, THT 1357; TITUS: THT 548, THT 1357


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 343-344; Tamai 2007a: №1357



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2007a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2007a. “A preliminary edition of unpublished texts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” Thesaurus indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan collection.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”