• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 419

Known as:THT 419; B 419; Bleistiftnummer 2377
Cite this page as:"THT 419". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 08 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Murtuq
Expedition code:T III M 175.4
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:late

Text contents

Title of the work:History of Kuchean kings
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:History
Verse/Prose:prose; verse


Manuscript:THT 415-421
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:5


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// [p]·¯ ¯t lā ssi ñ· ///
a2/// a lye¯ ¯k yi po ym· [ś]· mṣa ///
a3/// ··ṃ ṣke gai ri pci klā ṅ·· ///
a4/// rtt[i]ṃ ñe cā kkä rra mno [śl]e ///
a5/// [ta] rkā ttsaṃ [ñ]· ///
b1/// mā sa ///
b2/// lyu wā ne to yna ra no ///
b3/// – ¯k nā nda mcu ṣka [e] ///
b4/// y[o]¯ ¯r wa sa • śle k·· ¯ – || pu [ṣ]·· ///
b5/// r·au ñe ne rai tta n[t]e ///


a1 /// p(a)t lāssi ñ· ///
a2 /// alyek yipoym(eṃ) ś(e)m ṣa ///
a3 /// ··ṃṣke gairipciklāṅ·· ///
a4 /// rttiṃñe cākkär ram no śle ///
a5 /// tarkāttsaṃñ· ///
b1 /// mā sa ///
b2 /// lyuwāne toyna rano ///
b3 /// – k nānda mcuṣka e ///
b4 /// yor wasaślek·· – ॥ puṣ·· ///
b5 /// r·auñene raittante ///


b5 ... banden sich an die Tugenden ... (??) (Schmidt 1974: 296)


Online access

IDP: THT 419; TITUS: THT 419


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 279-280


Schmidt 1974: b5 (296)



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Göttingen.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”