• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 328

Known as:THT 328; B 328
Cite this page as:"THT 328". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 09 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Siŋgim
Expedition code:T II S 52.3
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:late

Text contents

Title of the work:Vinayavibhaṅga
Passage:Pāt. 17f.
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Vinaya


Manuscript:THT 324-332
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:5


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// lyu ta ta¯ ¯r ///
a2/// ntse ñā tse kā rsaṃ c[o] ///
a3/// ya ma s[k]eṃ pā yti 20 || a kla s̝s̝a ly· m· ///
a4/// ya pa sta¯ ¯r pā yti 20 3 || wra ·e ///
a5/// p[i] ṅkte we lwa ·i ///
b1/// k· lā tsts· – ¯r ///
b2/// [mp]· [ṣ]· sa ai po rñe ne e nte ///
b3/// ·p· ke ṣe keṃ e ne ṅkā meṃ stā maṃ pā y·i ///
b4/// || ka ttā ke klau tsai ne pā saṃ ·e ///
b5/// ¯r a klyi ta rpā ///


a1 /// lyutätär ///
a2 /// ntse ñātse kārsaṃ co ///
a3 /// yamaskeṃ pāyti 20 ॥ aklaṣṣäly· m· ///
a4 /// yapästär pāyti 20-3 ॥ wra ·e ///
a5 /// piṅkte welwa ·i ///
b1 /// k· lātsts· – r ///
b2 /// mp· ṣ(e)sa aiporñene ente ///
b3 /// ·p· keṣe keṃ eneṅkāmeṃ stāmaṃ pāy(t)i ///
b4 /// ॥ kattāke klautsaine pāsaṃ ·e ///
b5 /// r aklyitär pā ///


b3 If a monk stays in an open place together with (a female person)—pātayantika [offence]. (Peyrot 2013c: 692)



On IDP, recto and verso are reversed.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008b L
Tamai 2011a C1
Tamai 2011a C14


Online access

IDP: THT 328; TITUS: THT 328


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 211-212


Carling 2000: b4 (402); Hackstein 1995: a1 (243f); Peyrot 2013c: b3 (692); Schmidt 1974: a1 (298)


Carling 2000

Carling, Gerd. 2000. Die Funktion der lokalen Kasus im Tocharischen. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Peyrot 2008b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008b. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Peyrot 2013c

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013c. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Göttingen.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”