Work in progress

A 225

Known as:A 225; THT 858
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling; Angelo Mascheroni. "A 225". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 22 Apr. 2024).


Editor:Gerd Carling; Angelo Mascheroni


Main find spot:Shorchuk
Specific find spot:Stadthöhle
Expedition code:T III Š 94.04
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection

Language and Script


Text contents

Text genre:Literary


Leaf number:100-10-4
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:7


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1pi ltä¯ ¯k me nā ///
a2wä rpa s̝s̝a¯ ¯m : ce[¯] [¯s] ///
a3naṃ yä slyi : ///
a4ktāṃ cā rka r·· ///
a5ka nta[¯] [¯nt] ///
a6ṣo me ///
b2pu¯ ¯k [r]· ///
b3ma ñi l[e] ///
b4rā pru tko¯ – ///
b5tmaṃ śkaṃ tā k· ///
b6tka¯ ¯m a ñcwā ṣiṃ : ///
b7ṣā mnā¯ ¯ñä a śyā ///


a1 piltäk menā(kyo) ///n1
a2 wär päṣṣ-äm : ces ///
a3 naṃ yäslyi : ///
a4 (spa)ktāṃ cārkar ·· ///n2
a5 käntant ///
a6 ṣome ///
a7 ///
b1 ///
b2 puk r· ///
b3 mañi len3 ///
b4 prutko – ///n4
b5 tmaṃ śkaṃ tāk· ///
b6 tkäm añcwāṣiṃ : ///n5
b7 ṣāmnāñ aśyā(ñ) ///


a2 ... pour them water. These ...
a3 ... discord.
a4 ... they dismissed the service (?)n6
a5 ... hundreds ...
a6 ... some ...
a7 ...
b1 ...
b2 ... all ...
b3 ... moons/months ...
b4 ... shut ...
b5 And there ... may be (?) ...
b6 ... iron-(?) ...
b7 ... monks and nuns ...


a1 in the manner of a drop (Carling and Pinault 2023: 286)



Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).

Philological commentary

n1 Translation and restoration from Carling and Pinault 2023: 286, s.v. .
n2 Restoration of (spa)ktāṃ proposed by Sieg and Siegling 1921: 112.
n3 Alternatively, one could restore (ṣā)mañi le, as in (ṣā)mañi le(ṃ) ´a monk´s cell´.
n4 Reading prutko already in Sieg and Siegling 1921: 112, as well as in Carling and Pinault 2023: 312. A tentative restoration might be prutko(ṣ), considering the forms recurring in the text, the ligature and maybe A 340 a7?
n5 Tentative restoration: (ṣu)tkäm, ´stake, pin, peg´, see Carling and Pinault 2023: 492 s.v. ..
n6 A tentative translation of spaktāṃ might be ´religious service´ as in Hackstein et al. 2014: 53-54, where spaktāṃ corresponds to Skt. adhiśīla ´superior morality´; in the same passage, tärkā- ´let go, dismiss´, together with cowai, is translated as ´to steal, to rob´. Otherwise, maybe tärkā- means ´to neglect´, as in the TA expression ārtak tärkā-, TB ārtte tärk-, see TB THT 45 a2 ´I neglected´.


Online access

IDP: THT 858; TITUS: THT 858


Sieg and Siegling 1921: 112; Sieg and Siegling 1921 p. 112


Carling and Pinault 2023: a1 (286)


Carling and Pinault 2023

Carling, Gerd, and Georges-Jean Pinault. 2023. Dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Hackstein et al. 2014

Hackstein, Olav, Hiromi Habata, and Christoph Bross. 2014. “Tocharische Texte zur Buddhalegende I: Die Geschichte von der Nonne Sundarī B15–18.” Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 68: 31–99.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”