• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 1133

Known as:THT 1133; Prelim. No. 172; Pencil No. 2256
Cite this page as:Georges-Jean Pinault; Michaël Peyrot. "THT 1133". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 10 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Georges-Jean Pinault; Michaël Peyrot


Main find spot:Šorčuq
Expedition code:TIII Š 90.5
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script


Text contents

Title of the work:Garbhasūtra
Text genre:Literary


Leaf number:4
Material: ink on paper
Size (h × w):5.8 × 10.7 cm
Number of lines:3
Interline spacing:2.0 cm


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1(–) – [t]· [k]ta [||] ///
a2ca rtā pa s̝aṃ śwā tsi yo kts[i] ///
a3kā¯ ¯k prā ka rna slu ne yaṃ ///
b1se mā [l]y· lypu ra ṣta tmu¯ (–) ///
b2wso kaṃ • ta mne¯ ¯k klo tsma [l]· ///
b3[l]· [n]e l·ā t[s]i ·o – – ///


a1 – – t·ktä ॥ /// (mā)-
a2 -carn1 tāpaṣ-äṃ śwātsi yoktsi /// (o)-
a3 -kākn2 prākär nasluneyaṃ ///
b1 n3 se ly(a)lypuräṣ tatmu – ///
b2 n4 wsokaṃtämnek klots mal(añ) ///
b3 n5 l·ne l(k)ātsi ·o – – ///


a1 ...
a2 ... the mother will eat its food and drink ...
a3 ... until ... it goes into solid existence ...
b1 ... son... not having left ... is born ...
b2 ... happy. • So the ear and the nose ...
b3 ... to see ...



The left and lower (recto) margins are preserved. If the fragment belongs to the same manuscript as THT 1132, the leaf number may be ‹4··›, i.e. a number in the four hundreds. The original number of lines would then be 6; b1-3 would have to be renumbered as b4-6.

Philological commentary

n1 : equally possible, of course, is a conditional construction. Instead of (mā)car, one could as well restore (pā)car, (pra)car, etc.
n2 : cf. A 151 a1 okāk prākär nasluneya(ṃ) yäṣ.
n3 se: there are not many words ending in se with a vowel directly preceding (cf. Poucha 1955: 428). The most likely reading seems se 'son'.
n4 klots: it is remarkable that the word for 'ear' seems to be in the singular.
n5 [l·n]e: possibly a verbal noun in -lune.


Online access

IDP: THT 1133; TITUS: THT 1133


Tamai 2007a: №1133



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Poucha 1955

Poucha, Pavel. 1955. Thesaurus Linguae Tocharicae Dialecti A. Praha: Státní Pedagogické Nakladatelství.

Tamai 2007a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2007a. “A preliminary edition of unpublished texts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” Thesaurus indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan collection.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”